Geneva, Illinois
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Geneva, Illinois

Geneva, Illinois
City
City of Geneva
Geneva City Hall as viewed from Illinois Route 31
Geneva City Hall as viewed from Illinois Route 31
Location of Geneva in Kane County, Illinois
Location of Geneva in Kane County, Illinois
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 41°53?N 88°19?W / 41.89°N 88.31°W / 41.89; -88.31Coordinates: 41°53?N 88°19?W / 41.89°N 88.31°W / 41.89; -88.31
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyKane
Founded1835
Incorporated (As Village)1867[1]
Incorporated (As City)1887
Government
 o TypeCouncil-Manager
 o MayorKevin Burns
Area
 o Total10.00 sq mi (25.90 km2)
 o Land9.76 sq mi (25.27 km2)
 o Water0.24 sq mi (0.63 km2)
Elevation
725 ft (221 m)
Population
 o Total21,495
 o Estimate 
(2018)[3]
21,861
 o Density2,255.9/sq mi (870.99/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 o Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s)630 & 331
FIPS code17-28872
Websitegeneva.il.us

Geneva is a city in and the county seat of Kane County, Illinois, United States.[4] It is located on the western side of the Chicago suburbs.

Geneva is part of a tri-city area, located between St. Charles and Batavia.[5][6] As of the 2010 census it had a population of 21,495,[7] and in 2018 the estimated population was 21,861.[3] The area experienced rapid population growth in the 1980s and '90s as the Chicago suburbs spread to the west.

Geneva is a popular tourist destination with its scenic location along the Fox River and numerous shops and restaurants. There is an extensive bike trail system in Geneva including portions of the Fox River Trail and the Illinois Prairie Path. Geneva has an active historical society, the Geneva History Center, located in downtown Geneva as well as the Fabyan Windmill, an old Dutch windmill dating back to the 1850s. In 2013 it was nominated by Bloomberg Business Week as the best place to raise a kid in Illinois.[8]

Geography

Geneva is located at 41°53'9" North, 88°18'42" West (41.885722, -88.311771),[9] 36 miles (58 km) west of downtown Chicago.

According to the 2010 census, Geneva has a total area of 9.994 square miles (25.88 km2), of which 9.75 square miles (25.25 km2) (or 97.56%) is land and 0.244 square miles (0.63 km2) (or 2.44%) is water.[10]

History

Geneva was first settled in the 1830s on an important route from Chicago. Daniel Shaw Haight was the first settler in Geneva. Haight sold his claim in 1835 to James and Charity Herrington, who were influential in the creation of the town of Geneva.[11] A local's connections with Col. Richard Hamilton, a prominent Cook County politician, led to the naming of Geneva as county seat in 1836. The town was platted a year later and was probably named after Geneva, New York.[12] Before the name Geneva was chosen, the names LaFox, Big Spring, and Herrington's Ford were used.[13] A courthouse and jail were among the first major works. Geneva was incorporated as a village in 1867. While its site as a county seat attracted attention, the village's location on the Fox River provided the most economic opportunities. Early goods manufactured in Geneva included cheese, butter, milled grains, and packed meat. The connection of the railroad in 1853 provided increased demand for industry, and by 1900, Appleton Manufacturing, Howell Foundry, Bennet Milling Co., and Pope Glucose Co. became major employers. This resulted in major civic improvement projects such as a pumping stations and water mains in 1896. Geneva was particularly noted for its flux of Swedish immigrants, who comprised half of the population by 1900. A year later, Geneva was connected to other Fox Valley communities through the Aurora, Elgin and Fox River Electric Company.

Historical sites

Fabyan Windmill

Fabyan Windmill

The Fabyan Windmill is an authentic, working Dutch windmill dating from the 1850s located in Geneva, just north of Batavia, off Route 25.[14] The five-story wooden smock mill with a stage, which stands 68 feet (21 m) tall, sits upon the onetime estate of Colonel George Fabyan, but is now part of the Kane County Forest Preserve District.

On June 4, 1979, the windmill was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Dutch Mill.[15] The following year, the windmill was selected to be on a U.S. postage stamp, as part of a series of five windmills in a stamp booklet called "Windmills USA."[16][17] It originally operated as a custom grinding mill.[16]

Riverbank Laboratories

Riverbank Laboratories

Riverbank Acoustical Laboratories is a NVLAP accredited acoustical testing agency founded by Wallace Clement Sabine in 1918. The acoustical laboratory building was funded and built by Colonel George Fabyan on his vast Riverbank Estate in Geneva, IL. In the facility's early days, It also housed a cryptology team that worked to decipher codes from the works of Sir Francis Bacon, Shakespeare, and enemy military communications.[18] It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on November 28, 2003.

Fabyan Villa

The Fabyan Villa Museum houses photographs, the Fabyans' personal artifact collections, and a limited number of original furnishings, sharing the Riverbank story with the public.[19]

Sacred Heart Seminary Shrine

The Sacred Heart Seminary Shrine is a stone and mosaic religious Chapel located in Geneva. It sits next to the Kane County Government Center in the Gunnar Anderson Forest Preserve along the Fox River, near the old Sacred Heart Monastery.[20] The shrine dates back to 1925 when a piece of the land along the river was sold to Jesuit Monks.[21] The shrine is also known as the Geneva Grotto.

The beautiful mosaics on the sides of the shrine hold Latin writing saying Ignem veni mittere, which translates to "I have come to bring fire" as well as Ego sum lux mundi, meaning "I am the light of the world." The mosaics also house art work of three arches that depict heaven and earth, a crucifix crossed by two swords, as well as a lighthouse.[22] The Latin phrases are references to the New Testament. Jesus uses the phrases to describe himself; as in embodying both beginning and end. The altar is inscribed with the letters "IHS," referencing the first three letters of Jesus in Greek.[23]

The shrine has frequently been the victim of vandal, who have damaged part of the stone structure. On October 21, 2014, vandals threw white paint all over the stone walls and mosaics. They then proceeded to use spray paint to create symbols on the walls. Part of the stone structure was also damaged, leaving broken pieces of stone on the ground.[24]

Elizabeth Place

Elizabeth Place, or the Henry Bond Fargo House, is a historic residence in Geneva, in the Mission Revival style. The house was owned by Henry Bond Fargo, a prominent local businessmen who brought several early industries to Geneva. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on May 12, 2008.

Sports

Geneva has been home to the Kane County Cougars of the Midwest League since 1991 when the Wausau Timbers relocated to Geneva from Wausau, Wisconsin.[25] The Cougars currently play at Northwestern Medicine Field. In 2015 the Chicago Steel of the United States Hockey League moved from Bensenville, Illinois to Geneva.

Transportation

Geneva METRA Station

Geneva is served by Chicago Midway International Airport (MDW), Chicago O'Hare International Airport (ORD), and Dupage Airport (DPA). The city also benefits from highways running through the city, including State Routes 25, 31, 38 with easy access to Interstate 88.

Bus

Geneva is also served by the Pace bus system run by Chicago's suburbs. The following bus routes run through this city:

  • Route 529 - Randall Rd / 5th Street[26]
  • Route 801 - Elgin / Geneva[27]
  • Route 802 - Aurora / St. Charles[28]

Train

As a part of the Chicago metropolitan area, Geneva has a station on the Union Pacific/West line of the Metra commuter rail system; it provides frequent service to downtown Chicago, 36 miles (58 km) away, and extends west to Elburn.

Demographics

Kane County Courthouse
Kane County Government Center

2010 Census

As of the 2010 United States Census there were 21,495 people, 7,865 households, and 5,927 families residing in the city.[30]

The racial makeup of the city was 94.80% White, 0.5% African American, 0.1% Native American, 2.20% Asian, 1.20% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.90% of the population.

There were 8,278 households out of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.6% are non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the city, the population was spread out with 27% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 33% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.

As of 2011 the median income for a household in the city is $93,588. Males had a median income of $65,103 versus $38,520 for females. The per capita income for the city was $42,995. About 3.7% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under the age of 18 and 3.8% of those ages 65 and older.

2000 Census

As of the census[30] of 2000, there were 19,515 people, 6,718 households, and 5,186 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,321.4 people per square mile (895.9/km²). There are 6,895 housing units at an average density of 820.2/sq mi (316.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.50% White, 1.02% African American, 0.06% Native American, 1.25% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.58% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.77% of the population.

There were 6,718 households out of which 45.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.0% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.8% are non-families. 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.31.

In the city, the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.2 males.

As of 2011 the median income for a household in the city is $95,467. Males had a median income of $65,103 versus $38,520 for females. The per capita income for the city was $42,995. About 1.6% of families and 2.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.6% of those under the age of 18 and 4.9% of those ages 65 and older.

Education

Geneva School District 304 includes the following schools:

Elementary education schools

  • Harrison Street Elementary School (built in 1929)[31]
  • Williamsburg Elementary School (built in 2008)[32]
  • Heartland Elementary School (built in 2002)[33]
  • Mill Creek Elementary School (built in 1996)[34]
  • Fabyan Elementary School (built in 2008)[35]
  • Western Avenue Elementary School (built in 1964)[36]

Middle schools

  • Geneva Middle School South (built in 1994)[37]
  • Geneva Middle School North (built in 2006)[38]

High schools

Annual events

Media and entertainment

Notable people

Academia

Arts

Business

Media

Politics

Sports

Sister cities

References

  1. ^ "Geneva, IL - Official Website - History of Geneva". Geneva.il.us. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  5. ^ "Geneva". Archived from the original on June 5, 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  6. ^ "60134 Zip Code in Geneva, IL - Neighborhoods, Schools, Real Estate, Demographics and Relocation Tools". Retrieved 2016.
  7. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Geneva city, Illinois". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2019.[dead link]
  8. ^ "Bloomberg Business Week". Bloomberg News. December 18, 2012. Retrieved 2013.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  10. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved 2015.
  11. ^ "story of Geneva, Illinois : 2001". Archived from the original on February 4, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  12. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 136.
  13. ^ "Several Towns Named After Founders and Heroes". The Daily Herald. December 28, 1999. p. 220. Retrieved 2014 – via Newspapers.com.open access
  14. ^ Location taken from National Register of Historic Places: NRIS 79000843 (June 4, 1979).
  15. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  16. ^ a b "Fabyan Windmill". Forest Preserve District of Kane County. Archived from the original on September 26, 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  17. ^ "Fabyan Windmill" (PDF). Kane County Forest Preserve District. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved 2015.
  18. ^ "Riverbank History from Geneva Historical Society". Archived from the original on July 27, 2009.[verification needed]
  19. ^ "Fabyan Villa & Japanese Gardens". St. Charles, IL: Preservation Partners of the Fox Valley.
  20. ^ "Sacred Heart Seminary Shrine". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 2019.
  21. ^ Museum, Geneva History. "Picturing the Past With ... the Geneva History Museum". www.kcchronicle.com. Retrieved 2019.
  22. ^ "Secret Shrine - Geneva, IL - Outdoor Altars on Waymarking.com". www.waymarking.com. Retrieved 2019.
  23. ^ "Greek alphabet letters & symbols (?,?,?,?,?,...)". www.rapidtables.com. Retrieved 2019.
  24. ^ Sarkauskas, Susan (October 21, 2014). "Peaceful grotto damaged by vandals in Geneva". Daily Herald. Retrieved 2019.
  25. ^ "Register Team Encyclopedia - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com.
  26. ^ "Route 529 - Randall Road - 5th Street". Archived from the original on June 2, 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  27. ^ "Route 801 - Elgin-Geneva". Pace Bus. Archived from the original on March 14, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  28. ^ "Route 802 - Aurora-Geneva via Lake". Pace Bus. Archived from the original on April 2, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  29. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  30. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved 2008.
  31. ^ "Harrison Street Elementary School". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved 2010.
  32. ^ "Williamsburg Elementary School". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved 2010.
  33. ^ "Heartland Elementary School". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved 2010.
  34. ^ "Mill Creek Elementary School". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved 2010.
  35. ^ "Fabyan Elementary School". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved 2010.
  36. ^ "Western Avenue Elementary School". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved 2010.
  37. ^ "Geneva Middle School South". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved 2010.
  38. ^ "Geneva Middle School South Website". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved 2010.
  39. ^ "Answers - The Most Trusted Place for Answering Life's Questions". Answers.com. Retrieved 2016.
  40. ^ "The Most Trusted Place for Answering Life's Questions". Answers. Retrieved 2016.
  41. ^ Schory, Brenda (September 24, 2014). "Pop star Niykee Heaton stops in hometown Geneva". Retrieved 2017.
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  44. ^ "Joan Taylor - 20 Million Miles of Memories". Riflemanconnors.com. Retrieved 2016.
  45. ^ "Joan Taylor - The Private Life and Times of Joan Taylor. Joan Taylor Pictures". Glamourgirlsofthesilverscreen.com. Retrieved 2016.
  46. ^ "Been There, Seen That: George Fabyan, Eccentric". Dees2.blogspot.com. June 19, 2008. Retrieved 2016.
  47. ^ Grant, H. Roger (2008). Visionary Railroader: Jervis Langdon Jr. and the Transportation Revolution. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 119. Retrieved 2017.
  48. ^ "John Scherer". Johnwscherer.com. June 20, 2014. Retrieved 2016.
  49. ^ "Dale Shewalter obituary". Arizona Daily Sun. January 14, 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  50. ^ "Full Biography". Archived from the original on July 16, 2014. Retrieved 2016.
  51. ^ "EX-SENATOR FAIR IS DEAD; His Fatal Illness of But Very Brief Duration. AN ESTATE OF FORTY MILLIONS One of the Earliest Victims of the Gold Fever, He Turned His Attention to Silver and Made a Fortune.", The New York Times, New York, New York, December 30, 1894, He came to this country with his parents in 1843, and lived for a time at Geneva, Ill., where he obtained a rudimentary education...
  52. ^ "S. Louis Rathje - Previous Illinois Supreme Court Justice". www.illinoiscourts.gov.
  53. ^ "Sid Bennett NFL Football Statistics". Pro-Football-Reference.com. December 30, 1971. Retrieved 2016.
  54. ^ Wassner Flynn, Sarah (August 3, 2016). "Meet Ben Kanute". United States Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2018.
  55. ^ "Gabrielle Perea". USA Gymnastics. Retrieved 2018.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Geneva,_Illinois
 



 



 
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