|Cyrillic letter Ghe|
|Phonetic usage:||[g], [?]|
|The Cyrillic script|
When the letter Ghe (?) follows either Yery or Izhitsa, it creates a new letter, ?.
In the Early Cyrillic alphabet, its name was ? (glagoli), meaning "speak".
In the Cyrillic numeral system, it had a numerical value of 3.
In standard Russian, Ghe represents the voiced velar plosive but is devoiced to word-finally or before a voiceless consonant. It represents // before a palatalizing vowel. In the Southern Russian dialect, the sound becomes the velar fricative . Sometimes, the sound is the glottal fricative in the regions bordering Belarus and Ukraine.
It is acceptable, for some people, to pronounce certain Russian words with (sometimes referred to as Ukrainian Ge): , ?, , ? (Bog, bogatyj, blago, Gospod'). The sound is normally considered nonstandard or dialectal in Russian and is avoided by educated Russian speakers. (Bog, "God") is always pronounced [box] in the nominative case.
In the Russian nominal genitive ending -, -, Ghe represents , including in the word ? ("today", from ? ).
It represents a voiceless (not ) in front of Ka in two Russian words, namely, and , and their derivatives.
The Latin letter H of words of Latin, Greek, English or German origin is usually transliterated into Russian with Ghe rather than Kha: hero -> ??, hamburger -> ?, Haydn -> ??. That can occasionally cause ambiguity, as for example English Harry and Gary/Garry would be spelled the same in Russian, eg. ). The reasons for using Ghe to write h include the fact that Ghe is used for h in Ukrainian, Belarusian and some Russian dialects, along with the perception that Kha sounds too harsh. Nevertheless, in newer loanwords (especially from English), Kha is often used.
In both languages, the letter is called He and transliterated with H rather than with G.
In Ukrainian and Belarusian, a voiced velar plosive is written with the Cyrillic letter Ghe with upturn (? ?) in Ukrainian (transliterated with G) and with the digraph in Belarusian (also ? in Tara?kievica).
|Unicode name||CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER GHE||CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER GHE|
|UTF-8||208 147||D0 93||208 179||D0 B3|
|Numeric character reference||Г||Г||г||г|
|KOI8-R and KOI8-U||231||E7||199||C7|