Gaohu
Get Gaohu essential facts below. View Videos or join the Gaohu discussion. Add Gaohu to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Gaohu
Gaohu
Gaohu 1.jpg
Gaohu, traditional Guangdong type, with dragon head, round body, no base, and played with the body held between the knees
String instrument
Classification chrodophone
Hornbostel-Sachs classification 321.312
(spiked bowed lute)
Inventor(s) Lü Wencheng

The gaohu (; pinyin: g?ohú, pronounced [k?x?]; Cantonese: gou1 wu4; also called yuehu ? ?) is a Chinese bowed string instrument developed from the erhu in the 1920s by the musician and composer Lü Wencheng (1898-1981) and used in Cantonese music and Cantonese opera. It belongs to the huqin family of instruments, together with the zhonghu, erhu, banhu, jinghu, and sihu; its name means "high-pitched huqin". It is the leading instrument of Cantonese music and opera ensembles. Well known pieces for the gaohu include Bu Bu Gao (, Higher Step By Step) and Ping Hu Qiu Yue (?, Autumn Moon on Calm Lake).

Construction and design

The gaohu is similar in construction to the erhu but has a slightly smaller soundbox, commonly circular, and is tuned a fourth higher, to G4 and D5. Whereas most huqin are placed on top of the left thigh, the traditional gaohu is played with the soundbox held in between the knees. It has a brighter and lighter tone as compared to the erhu. It has two strings and its soundbox is covered on the front (playing) end with snakeskin (from a python). Since the soundbox is so small, the overall sound of the "gaohu" is quiet

Although originally a regional instrument used only in Cantonese music, the gaohu (in different forms and played placed on the leg, as the erhu) is used in the modern large Chinese orchestra, as part of the string family, along with the erhu, zhonghu, banhu, cello, and double bass.

Gaohu - The Asia and Pacific Museum in Warsaw

Notable players

Notable gaohu players include:

  • Lü Wencheng (, pinyin: L? Wénchéng) (1898-1981) [1] in Chinese
  • Liu Tianyi () (1910-1990) [2] in Chinese
  • Gan Shangshi () (1931- )
  • Yu Qiwei () (1953- )[3] in English [4] in Chinese

See also

References

  • Huehns, Colin. "China's fiddle." Strad, Vol. 110, Issue 1312 (Aug 1999)
  • Zhao, Y. et al. "Sound Intensity Radiated by Gaohu." Science China, Vol. 53, No. 7 (2010)
  • Huang, Rijin (1997) Guangdong Yinyue; Gaohu Qu Xuan (Guangdong Music; Selected Pieces for Gaohu). Beijing: Renmin Yinyue Chubanshe (Peoples Music Publishing House)

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Gaohu
 



 

 
Music Scenes