Future bass is an electronic dance music genre and umbrella term that arose around 2006 in the United Kingdom, United States, Japan, China and Australia. It is a broad genre of music, comprising a wide variety of sounds and rhythms normally produced by a synthesizer. The genre was pioneered by Flume, Rustie, Wave Racer, and Cashmere Cat and was popularised in the mid-2010s by artists like Louis the Child, Marshmello, Martin Garrix, Mura Masa, San Holo and Snail's House. 2016 was seen as the breakout year for the genre.
The sound waves are often modulated using automation or low-frequency oscillation controlling the cutoff of an audio filter (typically a low- or high-pass filter), or the wave's amplitude, to adjust the waveform (to create a 'wobbly' effect on its parameters). In addition, it is common to utilise a somewhat "twinkly"-sounding gradual rise in pitch during "risers" (pre-drop buildups of white noise), and arpeggio chords, vocal chops or vocoders.
A large portion of future bass tracks will use 7th or jazz chords in their melodies, but this is by no means required. In many "kawaii" future bass tracks, listeners will hear a set of three chords that descend by one half-step between each chord. Examples of this progression can be found in tracks such as "Ma Chouchoute" or "Grape Soda" by Snail's House.
Due to its popularity, future bass has spawned a few subgenres:
Future trap is a fusion between future bass and trap (which often features hard trap drops as opposed to often synth-laden future bass drops). RL Grime, Flux Pavilion and other producers have produced tracks of this subgenre. Future bass-like synths are often used between drops, giving future trap its "future" prefix.
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