Fusui County
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Fusui County
Fusui County

· Fuzsuih Yen
The eponymous county seat of Fusui
The eponymous county seat of Fusui
Fusui is the easternmost division in this map of Chongzuo
Fusui is the easternmost division in this map of Chongzuo
Chongzuo in Guangxi
Chongzuo in Guangxi
Coordinates: 22°38?06?N 107°54?15?E / 22.6350°N 107.9042°E / 22.6350; 107.9042Coordinates: 22°38?06?N 107°54?15?E / 22.6350°N 107.9042°E / 22.6350; 107.9042
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionGuangxi
Prefecture-level cityChongzuo
Township-level divisions8 towns
3 townships
County seatXinning ()
Area
 o Total2,876 km2 (1,110 sq mi)
Elevation
94 m (309 ft)
Population
(2011)
 o Total440,000
 o Density150/km2 (400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
532200
Websitehttps://web.archive.org/web/20110513115806/http://www.gxfs.gov.cn/
Fusui
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Zhuang name
ZhuangFuzsuih

Fusui County is a county in the southwest of Guangxi, China. It is the easternmost county-level division of the prefecture-level city of Chongzuo.

Geography

Zhuang's old woman (102 years old ) in Fusui

Fusui is located in southwestern Guangxi and in eastern Chongzuo City. It borders Qingxiu District of Nanning in the east, Shangsi County (Fangchenggang) and Ningming County in the south, Jiangzhou District (Chongzuo) in the west, and Long'an County (Nanning) in the north.

The city is located on the north bank of the Zuo River, offering a waterway to Nanning, whence it flows into the Xi River which provides access to Wuzhou and the Pearl River Delta, and is navigable by shallow-draft junks and motor launches, even though it is obstructed by rapids and sandbanks. Travelling upstream the Zuo River leads to Vietnam.

Fusui is situated in a hilly basin with elevations between 100-200 m (330-660 ft) above sea-level. Leiyantai Mountain dominates the southern part of town. Its area is 2,836 km2 (1,095 sq mi), 590 km2 (230 sq mi) of which is forested.

Flora and fauna

Fusui's warm climate gives it a large amount of biodiversity. There are many rare species of animals and more than 1,100 species of plants. National grade one protected animals include white-headed langurs, clouded leopard, musk deer, python more than 30 species. Country grade one protected plant include cycads, and country grade two protected plant include ferns, Jian wood, camphor wood.

Climate

Fusui's climate is humid subtropical and monsoon-influenced. Within the prefecture, the annual mean is 21.3-22.8 °C (70.3-73.0 °F). There are 346 frost-free days. Annual precipitation is between 1,050-1,300 millimetres (41-51 in).[1]

History

Zuo River scenery in Fusui

Fusui is one of the earliest centers of Zhuang culture. Important sites dating back to the stone age have been found here. The Rock Paintings of Hua Mountain along the Zuo River at Yinweng, Qixing, Hetou, Jiaobei, Tuotan, Xiatong, Xinwan, Balai Mountain date back 1800 to 2500 year and are one of the largest groups of pictographs in China and in the world. On several cliff faces are hundreds of large red pictographs depicting a large battle. The red pigment is still bright and vivid and individual figures, weapons, and animals are easy to distinguish. The cliffs, part of the sacred Frog Mountain, were important site to the early Zhuang.[2]

A state seat called Longzhou was first established at the site in AD 638. The state government is located in today's Fusui Xinning town. This became the administrative seat of a commandery. In AD 771, the Longzhou commandery was dissolved, and the state was renamed Xiyuanzhou. In AD 1572, Xiyuanzhou commandery was dissolved, and the state was renamed Xinningzhou. In 1914, Xinningzhou was renamed Funan County, which could be regarded as the beginning of the county. In 1951, Funan, Tongzheng and Suilu County merged into Fusui County.[3]

Administrative divisions

The county administers 8 towns, 3 townships, which are further divided into a total of 14 residential communities and 119 villages.

Towns and townships (11) Villages (119) Residential communities (14) Population (2010 or 2011)
Xinning () Chonghe (), Changsha (), Nakuan (), Shuibian (), Tang'an (), Shangdong (), Datang (), Quna () Chengxiang (?), Chengdong (?), Chengxi (?), Chengnan (?), Xiufeng (?) 85512
Quli () Liansui (), Quduo (), Tuohe (), Xinan (), Basang (), Buyao (), Nale (), Nongping (), Qushi (), Wangzhuang (), Daling (), Leilong (), Dubang (), Quxin (), Biji (), Qufeng () Quli (?), China-ASEAN Youth Industrial Park () 48195
Qujiu () Lailu (), Tuonong (), Tuoya (), Sanhe (), Nongbu (), Qutun (), Zhongyuan (), Zhuqin (), Chongbian (), Busha () Qujiu (?) 28000
Liuqiao () Leida (), Shangtun (), Baliu (), Zaowa (), Xincun (), Quqi ( ), Xichangn (), Fuba (), Poli (), Pokan (), Pingpo (), Najia () Liuqiao (?) 33000
Dongmen () Banbao (), Baidang (), Haozuo (), Liutou (), Balou (), Qurong ( ), Bulian ( ), Jiucheng (), Zìyao (), Buge (), Najiang (), Naba (), Jiangbian ( ), Lingnan ( ), Tuoda ( ) Dongmen (?) 44000
Shanxu () Qutou (), Nali (), Bayin (), Kunlun (), Pingtian (), Napai (), Pinggao (), Na bai (), Yubai (), Jiuta (), Naren () Shanxu (?) 38000
Zhongdong () Xinling (), Pingshan (), Jiuxian (), Fengpo (), Jiuhe (), Sitong (), Xinlong (), Baiyu, () Shangyu (), Sanshao (), Dongshao (), Linhe (), Sixin (), Weijiu () Zhongdong (?) 38000
Dongluo () Dongluo (), Kelan (), Douchong (), Nalian (), Cenfan (), Qukan (), Bayang (), Dongdou (), Houzhai () 41000
Longtou Township () Tengguang (), Jiuzhuang (), Fengzhuang (), Xiaohan ( ), Natang (), Tanlong (), Nagui (), Linwang () Longtou (?) 32000
Bapen Township () Napo (), Gudou (), Nabiao (), Balun (), Nongdong (), Tuoliao (), Nabiao (), Bapen (), 27552
Changping Township () Sairen (), Mumin (), Pingbai (), Balian (), Lianhao (), Sihe (), Shili (), Zhonghua () Changping (?) 25054
  • These figures are based on the following official statistics:

[4]

Demographics

Fusui's population was 440,000 (2011). 82.8% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group. The rest include Han, Yao, and other ethnic groups.

Economy

Fusui Avenue

Formerly an impoverished county, Fusui from 1992 experienced agricultural growth. The county is surrounded by a fertile agricultural region producing subtropical fruits and sugarcane; food processing, flour milling, sugar refining, meatpacking, and cane sugar manufacture are important in the county. Fusui has been a center for cane sugar, sisal and cement manufacture, and it is also famous in Traveling. According to statistics issued by the Fusui government in 2011, the county's GDP was 101 billion yuan. Forestry and agriculture are two of Fusui's biggest industries. Rice, beans, oranges, corn, cassava, cinnamon, bananas, vegetables, durian, pineapples, longan, and tea are all major crops, but sugarcane and sisal are the center of Fusui agriculture. Farm raised animals include beef and dairy cattle, sheep, ducks, chicken, geese, bees, turtle, snake and pigeon. Aquaculture for fish is also significant. Chinese medicinal herbs are picked from the wild and also grown. Important mineral resources include manganese, gold, ferberite, coal, iron, aluminium, zinc, cobalt, nickel, calcite, limestone, barite, crystal, marble, and mercuric sulfide. It is China's biggest sugarcane and sisal producer base. Cement and building materials are the center of Fusui industry. Other industries include export infrastructure, paper, forest products such as timber and turpentine, and pharmaceuticals.[5]

Among important companies based in Fusui are:

  • Fusui Dongmen Nanhua Sugar Industry Corp
  • Fusui Funan East Asia sugar industrial Corp
  • Conch Group Fusui Xinning Conch Cement Corp
  • Funan East Asia sugar industrial Corp
  • Shanxu Sisal Processing Corp
  • Fusui Fuyuan Sisal Corp[6][7]

Culture

Zhuang's song Fair in Liuqiao town of the Fusui

According to the official Zuo River's Daily newspaper, Zhuang is the first language for 82% of the 440,000 residents of the Fusui, while the other 10% speak mainly Southwestern Mandarin. Other languages such as Iu Mien language are spoken in significant numbers as well.

In Fusu, Zhuang's characteristics on dresses remain on their own, the colors of which are principally conventional navy blue.(commonly known as "blue clothing Zhuang") Zhuang's men and the women cover their heads with a black or blue scarf. Some women substitute this scarf by a turban that can adopt different forms. They also decorate their shirts with decorations made out of silver.

In Fusui, Zhuang people celebrate many exciting and meaningful festivals such as "Ancestor worship festival in spring" (2 February-Chinese calendar's agrarian calendar), "Tomb sweeping festival" and "Song Festival" (3 March - Chinese calendar's agrarian calendar), "Wheat heat Festival" (also called "Buddha Bath"or "Bovine soul Festival", 8 April-Chinese calendar's agrarian calendar), "Ghost festival" (14 July - Chinese calendar's agrarian calendar), "Ancestor worship festival in autumn" (8 August -Chinese calendar's agrarian calendar), "bumper harvest festival" (also called "Ten intofestival"or "Nine into festival", October - Chinese calendar's agrarian calendar).[8]

In addition, Zhuang opera and Cuisine festival are a wealthy local characteristics of folk culture.[9]

Tourism

Fusui is famous for its beautiful natural scenery. The most famous attraction is Rock Paintings of Hua Mountain along the Zuo River. The rock paintings are believed to be between 1800 and 2500 or between 1600 and 2400 years old. The period of their creations hence spans the times from the Warring States period to the late Han Dynasty in the history of China. The paintings are attributed to the ancient Luo Yue people, who are believed to be ancestors of the present-day Zhuang nationality and inhabited the valley of Zuo River during this period. Carbon dating suggests that the oldest paintings were executed around 16,000 years ago whereas the youngest are around 690 years old.

Fusui has beautiful natural scenery and forested mountains numerous species of plants and animals. These features along with unique Zhuang culture and important historical sites make it a famous growing tourist destination.

Scenic spots around Fusui include:

  • Rock Paintings along the Zuo River.
  • White-headed langur natural reserve in Bapen Township
  • Natural scenic landscape along the Zuo River
  • Dinosaur park
  • Muming pastoral scenery in Changping Township
  • Jinggi rock park
  • Gueilongtan scenic area
  • Liu Sanjie's tomb
  • Huang Xianfan's former residence

Cuisine

Zhuang's cuisine is known for its snacks and the use of spices in Fusui. Zhuang's roasted suckling pig(), Zhuang's sweet potato glutinous rice cake() and Zhuang's sliced boiled chicken() is considered the county's Three Cuisine Treasures.

Longtou Township's white cake(?) have been the local Zhuang people's breakfast staple since the Qing Dynasty and are renowned for their delicate taste. Specifically, the local specialty cuisine are Longtou Township's sauerkraut(?), Longtou Township's roast pig(?), Dongmen town's Chicken (), Dongmen town's Fragrant glutinous rice (), and Qujiu town's cool cake (?).

Famous people born in Fusui

References

  1. ^ Fusui-People.com.cn, 5 July 2012.(in Chinese)
  2. ^ History of the Fusui County, Fusui: Cultural and Historical data Editorial Committee,No.1,1986. p.1-3.(in Chinese)
  3. ^ Fusui history-gxfs.gov.cn Archived 2011-09-13 at the Wayback Machine, 23 December 2010.(in Chinese)
  4. ^ 2011: Archived July 21, 2012, at the Wayback Machine National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-01-02.(in Chinese)
  5. ^ China Broadcasting Network, 11 January 2012.(in Chinese)
  6. ^ Fusui Industrial/Xinhuanet.com, China Broadcasting Network], 9 April 2012.(in Chinese)
  7. ^ Fusui sugar industrial/Guangxi NewsNetwork, 29 November 2007.(in Chinese)
  8. ^ Folk customs in Fusui/Official website of Fusui Government Archived 2011-09-10 at the Wayback Machine, 17 January 2011.(in Chinese)
  9. ^ Cuisine festival in Fusui/Chinese radio network, 3 March 2010.(in Chinese)

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Fusui_County
 



 



 
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