Frula
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Frula

The frula (pronounced [fr?la], Serbian Cyrillic: ), also known as svirala (?) or jedinka, is a musical instrument which resembles a medium sized flute, traditionally played in Serbia. It is typically made of wood and has six holes. It is an end-blown aerophone. The frula is a traditional instrument of shepherds, who would play while tending their flocks.

For a list of similar instruments, see the section below.

Names

In Croatia it is commonly known as "jedinka".[1] Other local names in Croatia include ?veglica, ?altva, kavela, ?urlik.[2] It has also been simply called "Serbian flute".[3][4]

Overview

The frula is a small wooden flute with six holes.[5] In the Balkans, the frula was played by shepherds while tending their flocks.[5] It is a traditional instrument of Serbia,[6] one of several aerophones used for leisure time, rituals, or accompanying the kolo (circle dance), along with long flutes (duduk, cevara), the double flute (dvojnice), and the bag-pipe (gajde).[7]

Performers

Folk dance ensemble "Kolo", playing the frula.

Notable frula players (frula?i) are Adam Milutinovi?, Sava Jeremi?, Tihomir Paunovi?, Neda Nikoli?, Velja Kokori?, Borivoje Todorovi?, Bora Dugi?, Slobodan Vuki?evi?, Spasoje Jovi?, Andrija and Tomislav Baji?, Radovan Jovanovi? and others.[8]

Legacy

There are many events dedicated to the frula, such as the Prva pastirska frula in Jagnjilo, Dani Save Jeremi?a in Ra?anj, sabori frula?a in Leli? and Prislonica, takmi?enja frula?a in I?o?, and Frula fest in Kru?evac.[8]

A popular Serbian folk song is Ej ?ija frula[9] ("O, whose frula"), recorded by, among others, Bra?a Baji?, Radi?a Uro?evi? and Cune Gojkovi?.

Other similar flutes

References

  1. ^ Rad kongresa. 1981. p. 334.
  2. ^ Danica. Hrvatsko knji?evno dru?tvo sv. ?irila i Metoda. 1951. Sviraljka s usnama »jedinka« (svirala, ?veglica, ?altva, kavela, ?urlik, to su samo neka njezina lokalna imena)
  3. ^ Scribner's Magazine. Charles Scribners Sons. 1922. p. 269.
  4. ^ Charles Austin Beard (1930). Toward Civilization. Longmans, Green and Company. p. 275.
  5. ^ a b Christopher Deliso (2009). Culture and Customs of Serbia and Montenegro. Greenwood Press. p. 140. ISBN 978-0-313-34436-7.
  6. ^ Dragoljub Zamurovi?; Ilja Slani; Madge Phillips-Toma?evi? (2002). Serbia: life and customs. ULUPUDS. p. 188.
  7. ^ Don Michael Randel (2003). The Harvard Dictionary of Music. Harvard University Press. pp. 771-. ISBN 978-0-674-01163-2.
  8. ^ a b http://www.teklareka.rs/index.php/internauti/item/767-edukativna-radionica-za-zastitu-frulaske-prakse-aj-cija-frula-po-unesku-svira/767-edukativna-radionica-za-zastitu-frulaske-prakse-aj-cija-frula-po-unesku-svira. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ NIN: nedeljne informativne novine. Politika. 1996. p. 6. ? - ? ,,, ? ? "

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