A fretless guitar is a guitar with a fingerboard that does not have frets. While fretless guitars are typically modified versions of factory-made traditionally "fretted" guitars - the frets being removed by the player or a professional luthier - they can also be custom-made by professional builders who specialize in fretless guitars.
Fretless guitars are similar to fretted guitars, with the exception that they do not have any frets to act as the lower end point (node) of the vibrating string. Rather, on fretless guitars, the node is established by pressing the string against the fingerboard, resulting in a vibrating string that extends from the bridge (where the strings are attached) to the fingertip, instead of to a fret.
Fretless guitars differ from fretted guitars as follows:
- They require greater finger position precision, because the position of the node of the string is continuously variable (being established by the position of the finger) rather than fixed (established by the position of a fret). As a consequence of this, chordal playing in particular is more difficult to achieve cleanly on a fretless guitar.
- The resonance of their strings is different and may require more apt plucking or modified amplification (pickups) to achieve desired volume
- The smooth form of the fingerboard allows for continuous slides between notes, rather than being notched to individual notes
Fretless guitars are fairly uncommon in most forms of western music and generally limited to the electrified instruments, due to their decreased acoustic volume and sustain. Fretless bass guitars are the most common form of fretless guitar. This is due to similarities with the upright bass, and also because the bass guitar is generally not played as a chordal instrument.
- Maartin Allcock Multi-stringed instrumentalist with Fairport Convention, Jethro Tull and Bully Wee Band. Session Work with Eddi Reader, Robert Plant & Beverley Craven and many others.
- Rambo Amadeus Social satirist/Comedian and experimental jazz/rock musician, among other things, he is known for playing fretless guitar in his performances.
- Adrian Belew used a fretless guitar extensively on King Crimson's 1984 album Three of a Perfect Pair.
- Matt Bellamy of Muse now uses a custom Manson double neck with one neck fretless live for two songs.
- John Cale used a fretless guitar on the 1965 album Stainless Gamelan - a very early recording of fretless guitar.
- Ned Evett plays a variety of fretless guitars, typically with a glass fingerboard.
- David Fiuczynski plays fretless guitar extensively in his instrumental project KiF.
- John Frusciante used a fretless Stratocaster on the recording of Blood Sugar Sex Magik (most notably on the guitar solo of "Mellowship Slinky in B Major"); he now uses custom made fretless guitars with glass fingerboards.
- Nigel Gavin regularly uses a Godin Glissentar in live performance and for several pieces on his albums Thrum and Visitation.
- Guthrie Govan plays a Vigier fretless guitar.
- Chuck Hammer layers multiple tracks of fretless guitars on film scores.
- Aziz Ibrahim plays Godin and Vigier fretless guitars.
- Benn Jordan, a.k.a. The Flashbulb, plays a fretless guitar on the track Steel for Pappa from the album Soundtrack to a Vacant Life.
- Pat Metheny plays a fretless classical guitar on the title track of the album Imaginary Day.
- The Mysterious Triple-V (VVV) Multi-Instrumentalist and microtonalist, VVV has played fretless guitars since 1994 & founded the NYC International Fretless Guitar Festival in 2004 with support from Unfretted.com.
- Issei Noro has used fretless guitar from professional debut year in 1979, the user of the most famous Japanese guitarist, and most user are using.
- Erkan O?ur Turkish pioneer of the fretless guitar. Makes nearly all his music with self-made fretless guitars.
- Yannick Robert plays his Ibanez signature model on "Vaci Utca" and "Dix cordes de nuit".
- Karl Sanders plays a double necked guitar which has an 11-string fretless setup on the top neck, which he used on many of the tracks on Nile's album Ithyphallic.
- Elliott Sharp has occasionally used fretless guitars, such as on his 1996 album Sferics.
- Ron Thal (also known as Bumblefoot) has used fretless guitars extensively.
- Steve Vai played a triple neck (12-string, 6-string and 6-string fretless) guitar during live shows many years ago.
- Franck Vigroux plays fretless guitar on Push the triangle's album "repush" and live acts.
- Vindsval of Blut Aus Nord used fretless guitars on the microtonal MoRT album and other albums.
- Frank Zappa used fretless guitars on a few albums in the early and mid 1970s.
- Richard Bona best known as the bassist of The Zawinul Syndicate, Pat Metheny Group (Fodera Monarch 4 Fretless Standard and Fodera Imperial)
- Stanley Sheldon bassist, songwriter. Bassist for Peter Frampton during the "Frampton Comes Alive" period.
- Juan Alderete (bassist for The Mars Volta, and previously Racer X) has constantly used fretless basses over his career including using a custom fretless Fender Jazz Bass as his main bass of the album Frances the Mute.
- Jeff Ament, (bassist of Pearl Jam) uses fretless basses on some Pearl Jam songs as well his other projects. Jeff is normally seen play Wal (bass) basses when using a fretless.
- Pedro Aznar, bassist and composer who has played with Serú Girán and The Pat Metheny Group
- Steve Bailey, a session bassist, performs on the six string fretless bass guitar.
- Morty Black, former bass player for TNT has used fretless bass on songs such as "Forever Shine On" and "Without Your Love".
- Jack Bruce (of Cream) used a fretless Warwick bass guitar.
- Bunny Brunel had used a fretless bass on many recordings since the 1970s, usually a signature Carvin BB75 (bass).
- Les Claypool (of Primus and his many other side projects) uses a variety of fretted and fretless basses, including Carl Thompson four-string fretless and six-string fretless Rainbow Bass, and an upright 5 string.
- Laurence Cottle British session fretless/fretted bass player.
- Rick Danko (of The Band and later, Danko/Fjeld/Andersen) used a fretless bass starting around 1970, heard on the 1971 Cahoots studio album and the Rock of Ages album recorded live in 1971.
- David J (Bassist of Bauhaus) uses a fretless Fender Precision Bass.
- John Deacon (bassist of Queen) plays fretless bass on several Queen songs.
- Steve DiGiorgio plays five- and six-string fretless Thor basses.
- Colin Edwin (of British progressive rock band Porcupine Tree).
- Mo Foster, session bassist whose 'voice' is a fretless Fender Jazz bass.
- Tony Franklin is generally associated with the fretless Fender Precision Bass; he has a signature model. During the 80's he was also seen with Jaydee basses.
- Freebo (session musician) has used a fretless bass live and on many recordings.
- John Giblin, session bassist, used a fretless bass on Never For Ever of Kate Bush, with Brand X and on other works.
- Kristoffer Gildenlöw, former bass player for Pain of Salvation has extensively used fretless bass by ESP in many album recordings, such as BE and One Hour by the Concrete Lake.
- David Gilmour, Pink Floyd guitarist, plays a fretless bass on "Hey You" from The Wall and "Pigs (Three Different Ones)" from Animals. Their bassist and songwriter Roger Waters plays fretless bass on the track "A Pillow of Winds" from the 1971 album Meddle.
- Stu Hamm, studio/solo bassist, can be seen playing a fretless on the song Rubina on Joe Satriani's Live in San Francisco DVD.
- Michel Hatzigeorgiou, Aka Moon is a Belgian bassist.
- Jonas Hellborg (solo bassist) extensively used fretless bass both on his solo bass recordings and with other projects, currently has a Warwick signature bass co-designed by him.
- Marnie Jaffe (of Live Skull) played fretless bass in the band Live Skull.
- Jandek, outsider musician, has recorded entire albums of only vocals and fretless electric bass.
- Tom Jenkinson, also known as Squarepusher, sometimes performs using fretless bass.
- John Paul Jones (bassist for Led Zeppelin) plays fretless bass on several Led Zeppelin songs, most notably on "In My Time of Dying".
- Percy Jones bass player with Brand X and Tunnels. Percy initially played a fretless Fender Precision Bass then a Wal (bass) and finally an Ibanez EDA905. Jones started playing fretless bass in 1971
- Mick Karn (former bassist of Japan and avantgarde musician) used fretless bass guitar from the late 1970s up until his death in 2011. Karn mainly used Travis Bean during his early Japan years and Wal (bass) after 1981.
- Bakithi Kumalo, South African bass player noted for his work with Paul Simon and others.
- Tim Landers, session bassist, known for fretless work with Steve Smith & Vital Information and Billy Cobham and Glass Menagerie. He aided Mike Pedulla with the design of the Pedulla Buzz bass, which can be heard on Tori Amos, Marc Jordan, Stan Ridgeway and Al Stewart recordings . He's recently played a Lightwave Systems prototype fretless on the Crimson Jazz Trio recordings.
- Geddy Lee, of Rush has played fretless bass on and off since the 1970s. He used a Fender Jaco Pastorius tribute bass to play the bass line for the instrumental "Malignant Narcissism" from 2007's Snakes & Arrows.
- Tony Levin was made famous because of the fretless bass parts on Peter Gabriel's "Sledgehammer" and on a large amount of his solo album work.
- Brent Liles (bassist for Social Distortion and Agent Orange)
- Sean Malone (of Cynic, et al.), wrote an analytical teaching book on Jaco Pastorius' playing.
- Michael Manring, solo bassist, plays Zon Hyperbass fretless basses for his experimental virtuoso music.
- John McVie, bassist for Fleetwood Mac used a fretless bass on songs like "The Chain" and "Sara" in the studio and in live performances in 1977 through 1980.
- Martin Mendez, bassist for Opeth used a fretless bass on Still Life.
- Colin Moulding, bass player with XTC uses fretless bass to achieve their distinctive sound. Almost all songs on the XTC album English Settlement use fretless bass.
- John Myung of Dream Theater can be seen performing on a fretless six string in Metropolis 2000: Scenes from New York during the song Through Her Eyes.
- Pino Palladino, a session bassist, has developed a fretless bass method. The bulk of Pino's fretless work was played with a pre-Ernie Ball Music Man StingRay.
- Jaco Pastorius (bassist for Weather Report) used a customized fretless Fender Jazz Bass.
- Paul Simonon from The Clash used a fretless Fender Precision Bass in 1981, during the period of their Sandinista! album.
- Sting (bassist and leader of The Police) used a variety of fretless basses with The Police
- Stomu Takeishi is a Japanese jazz bassist.
- John Taylor, bass player with Duran Duran occasionally uses fretless bass.
- Jeroen Paul Thesseling, bassist for Salazh Trio, Obscura, Pestilence plays 7-string fretless Warwick basses.
- Paul Webb (bassist for Talk Talk)
- Gary Willis (of Tribal Tech), has a signature model fretless bass by Ibanez.
- Victor Wooten uses a custom five-string fretless bass on several of his own songs as well as several Bela Fleck and the Flecktones songs.
- Bill Wyman, (former bassist of The Rolling Stones), was the first bass player to use a self-made fretless electric bass that he created by modifying a UK-built Dallas Tuxedo bass, in 1961. He removed the frets because they were rattling. This can be heard on many of the early Rolling Stones records.
Festivals featuring live fretless guitar music have been held for several years both in the US and in Europe. In New York, the first NYC Fretless Guitar Festival was held in 2005. In the Netherlands, the Dutch Fretless Guitar Festival has taken place since 2008.
- ^ Bacon, Tony (2010). 60 Years of Fender. Backbeat Books. p. 50. ISBN 0-87930-966-0
- ^ Trynka, Paul (1996). Rock Hardware. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 113. ISBN 0-87930-428-6
- ^ Bacon, Tony; Moorhouse, Barry. (2008). The bass book: a complete illustrated history of bass guitars. Hal Leonard Corporation, second edition. p. 96. ISBN 0-87930-924-5
- ^ "18 Fretless Questions: Percy Jones". FretlessBass.com. Archived from the original on July 23, 2008. Retrieved 2017.
- ^ Roberts, Jim (2001). 'How The Fender Bass Changed the World' or Jon Sievert interview with Bill Wyman, guitar player magazine December (1978)