Freshmen
Get Freshmen essential facts below. View Videos or join the Freshmen discussion. Add Freshmen to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Freshmen
Freshman class artwork, from East Texas State Normal College's 1920 Locust yearbook

A freshman, first year, or frosh, is a person in the first year at an educational institution, usually a secondary or post-secondary school.

Arab world

In much of the Arab world, a first-year is called a "Ebtidae" (Pl. Mubtadeen), which is Arabic for "beginner".[1]

Brazil

In Brazil, students that pass the vestibulares and begin studying in a college or university are called "calouros" or more informally "bixos" ("bixetes" for girls), an alternate spelling of "bicho", which means "animal". Calouros are often subject to hazing, which is known as "trote" (lit. "prank") there. The first known hazing episode in Brazil happened in 1831 at the Law School of Olinda and resulted in the death of a student.[2] In 1999, a Chinese Brazilian calouro of the University of São Paulo Medicine School named Edison Tsung Chi Hsueh was found dead at the institution's swimming pool; this has since become one of the most well known episodes of violent hazing and has received extensive national media coverage since that year.[2][3][4][5]

United Kingdom

England and Wales

Students in their first year of University are known in England and Wales, but also more broadly, often as freshers however first years is more common. The first week of term is widely known as fresher's week where there are usually no classes and students take part in induction events and fairs.[6][7][8][9][10]

Unlike in Scotland, this term is not used in reference to pre-university education, the equivalent terms being Year sevens for the first year of secondary school and first years, lower sixers and Year Twelves used at sixth forms.[11][12][13][14]

Scotland

In Scotland, the first year of compulsory education is Primary 1 (P1). The first year of secondary school is known as S1 but one can freely use first year.

Preceded by
Primary 7
First year
11.5–13
Succeeded by
Second year

At the four ancient Scottish universities the traditional names for the four years at university are Bejan ("Bejant" at the University of St Andrews) (1st),[15] Semi (2nd), Tertian (3rd) and Magistrand (4th), though all Scottish universities will have a "freshers' week" (as with all British universities) and the term is as widely used with more traditional terms.[16]

United States

Freshman is commonly in use as a US English idiomatic term to describe a beginner or novice, someone who is naive, a first effort, instance, or a student in the first year of study (generally referring to high school or university study).[17]

New members of Congress in their first term are referred to as freshmen senators or freshmen congressmen or congresswomen, no matter how experienced they were in previous government positions.

High school first year students are almost exclusively referred to as freshmen, or in some cases by their grade year, 9th graders. Second year students are sophomores, or 10th graders, then juniors or 11th graders, and finally seniors or 12th graders.

At college or university, freshman denotes students in their first year of study. The grade designations of high school are not used, but the terms sophomore, junior, and senior are kept at most schools. Some colleges, including historically women's colleges, do not use the term freshman but use first year, instead.[18][19] Beyond the fourth year, students are simply classified as fifth year, sixth year, etc. Some institutions use the term freshman for specific reporting purposes.[20]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.alghad.com/m/articles/574454-?-?------
  2. ^ a b Nadai, Mariana. "Quais foram os trotes mais cruéis do Brasil?". Mundo Estranho (in Portuguese). Grupo Abril. Retrieved 2015.
  3. ^ Toledo, Roberto Pompeu de (30 April 1999). "Tolerância zero, o remédio para o trote". Veja (in Portuguese). Grupo Abril. Archived from the original on 18 February 2009. Retrieved 2015.
  4. ^ "Calouro morre afogado em trote na USP". Terra (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2015.
  5. ^ Oliveira, Mariana (6 June 2013). "STF mantém absolvição de 4 pela morte de calouro da USP em 1999". G1 (in Portuguese). Brasília: Grupo Globo. Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ "Freshers | Education | The Guardian". the Guardian. Retrieved 2020.
  7. ^ Reidy, Tess (12 November 2019). "How to make your first year at uni count - even if your grades don't". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020.
  8. ^ "Freshers' Week clichés (and how not to be one)". BBC Bitesize. Retrieved 2020.
  9. ^ "Making the most of freshers' week | Prospects.ac.uk". www.prospects.ac.uk. Retrieved 2020.
  10. ^ "22 things graduates wish they had known as freshers". Save the Student. Retrieved 2020.
  11. ^ Birch, Luke (3 June 2018). "TYPES OF YEAR 7s IN BRITISH SECONDARY SCHOOL" – via YouTube.
  12. ^ Ferguson, Donna (27 August 2019). "'No one will try to terrify you': year 8 advice to year 7s". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020.
  13. ^ "The best (and worst) tips for year sevens starting secondary school". The Independent. 3 September 2013. Retrieved 2020.
  14. ^ "First year sixth form students could return to college on 1 June". FE Week. 11 May 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  15. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bejan" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 659.
  16. ^ Grant, Alexander, Sir (1884). The story of the University of Edinburgh during its first three hundred years (Vol. 2). London: Longmans, Green, and co. p. 479. Retrieved 2019.
  17. ^ Random House, Inc. (2006). "freshman". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 2007.
  18. ^ Huffpost College (2012). "UNC Drops 'Freshman' From School Vocabulary In Favor Of 'First-Year,' Media Controversy Ensues". Retrieved 2016.
  19. ^ Student Admissions Representatives (2010). "Meet Our Student Representatives". New College of Florida. Retrieved 2010.
  20. ^ Office of the Registrar (2006). "Glossary of Reporting Terms". University of Wisconsin-Madison. Archived from the original on 27 October 2007. Retrieved 2007.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Freshmen
 



 



 
Music Scenes