Frederick Henry Ambrose Scrivener
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Frederick Henry Ambrose Scrivener
Frederick Henry Ambrose Scrivener (September 29, 1813, Bermondsey, Surrey - October 30, 1891, Hendon, Middlesex) was a New Testament textual critic and a member of the English New Testament Revision Committee which produced the Revised Version of the Bible. He was prebendary of Exeter, and vicar of Hendon.
Trinity College, Cambridge in 1835 after studying at Southwark, he became a teacher of classics at a number of schools in southern England, and from 1846 to 1856 was headmaster of a school in  Falmouth, Cornwall. He was also for 15 years rector of Gerrans, Cornwall.
Initially making a name for himself editing the
Codex Bezae Cantabrigiensis, Scrivener edited several editions of the New Testament and collated the with the Codex Sinaiticus . For his services to Textus Receptus textual criticism and the understanding of biblical manuscripts, he was granted a Civil list pension in 1872. He was an advocate of the Byzantine text (majority text) over more modern manuscripts as a source for Bible translations. He was the first to distinguish the Textus Receptus from the Byzantine text. Scrivener compared the Textus Receptus with the editions of Stephanus (1550), Theodore Beza (1565), and Elzevier (1633) and enumerated all the differences. In addition he identified the differences between the Textus Receptus and editions by Lachmann, Tregelles, and Tischendorf. Scrivener doubted the authenticity of texts like Matthew 16:2b-3, Christ's agony at Gethsemane, John 5:3.4, and the Pericope Adulterae.
In 1874, he became prebendary of Exeter and vicar of
Hendon, where he remained for the rest of his life.
, 1845. A Supplement to the Authorized English Version of the New Testament: Being a Critical Illustration of its More Difficult Passages from the Syriac, Latin, and Earlier English Versions, with an Introduction
Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (1853). . Cambridge: John W. Parker and Son. Full and Exact Collation of About Twenty Greek Manuscripts of the Holy Gospels
Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (1859). . Cambridge and London: Deighton Bell & Co. An Exact Transcript of the Codex Augiensis
(Cambridge: 1859) Contributions to the criticism of the Greek New Testament: being the introduction to an edition of the Codex Augiensis and Fifty other Manuscripts
, A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1861, 1894.
A Full Collation of the Sinaitic MS. with the Received Text of the New Testament. 1864.
A full and exact collation of Codex Sinaiticus, 1864.
, 1864. Bezae Codex Cantabrigiensis: being an exact Copy, in ordinary Type, of the celebrated Uncial Graeco-Latin Manuscript of the Four Gospels and Acts of the Apostles, written early in the Sixth Century, and presented to the University of Cambridge by Theodore Beza A.D. 1581. Edited, with a critical Introduction, Annotations, and Facsimiles
, Deighton, Bell, and Co: Cambridge; London, 1875. Six Lectures on the Text of the New Testament and the Ancient Manuscripts which contain it
(Cambridge 1877). Novum Testamentum : textus Stephanici A.D. 1550 : accedunt variae lectiones editionum Bezae, Elzeviri, Lachmanni, Tischendorfii, Tregellesii
The New Testament in the Original Greek according to the Text followed in the Authorized Version, together with the Variations adopted in the Revised Version, 1881.
(1887). Novum Testamentum : Textus Stephanici A.D. 1550 : accedunt variae lectiones editionum Bezae, Elzeviri, Lachmanni, Tischendorfii, Tregellesii, Westcott-Hort, Versionis Anglicanae Emendatorum
Codex S. Ceaddae latinus: Evangelia SSS. Matthaei, Marci, Lucae Ad Cap. III. 9 Complectens. Cambridge: C.J. Clay and Sons, 1887.
Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (1893). . Cambridge: At The University Press. Adversaria Critica Sacra: With a Short Explanatory Introduction A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, for the Use of Biblical Students (published posthumously and coauthored by Edward Miller), 1894.