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Francisco de Asís, Duke of Cádiz (Francisco de Asís María Fernando de Borbón; 13 May 1822 - 17 April 1902), sometimes anglicised Francis of Assisi, was king consort of Spain as the husband of Queen Isabella II.
Francis married Isabella, his double first cousin, on 10 October 1846. There is evidence that Isabella would rather have married his younger brother, Infante Enrique, Duke of Seville, and complained bitterly about her husband's effeminate habits after their first night together.
Twelve children were born during the marriage, of whom five reached adulthood:
There has been considerable speculation that some or all of Isabella's children were not fathered by Francisco de Asís; this has been bolstered by rumours that Francis was either homosexual or impotent.
Starting in 1864, Francisco de Asís acted as president of the Spanish Privy Council (Consejo del Reino).
In 1868 he went into exile with his wife in France and adopted the incognito title of Count of Moratalla. On 25 June 1870, Isabella abdicated in favour of their son, Alfonso XII--whom the 1874 restoration placed on the throne. By then, Francisco de Asís and Isabella had amicably separated and, with time, became good friends.
In 1881 Francisco de Asís took up residence at the château of Épinay-sur-Seine (currently the city hall). He died there in 1902. His wife Isabella and two of his daughters, Isabel and Eulalia, were present at his deathbed.
Titles, styles and honours
Coat of arms of King Francisco de Asís
Titles and styles
13 May 1822 - 28 December 1823: The Most Excellent Lord The Duke of Cádiz
28 December 1823 - 10 October 1846: His Royal Highness The Most Serene Lord Infante Francisco de Asís The Duke of Cádiz
10 October 1846 - 25 June 1870: His Majesty The King
25 June 1870 - 17 April 1902: His Majesty King Francisco de Asís