for the House of Commons
Boundary of Foyle in Northern Ireland 1995 - 2008
|Districts of Northern Ireland||Derry City and Strabane District Council|
|Electorate||68,565 (March 2011)|
|Member of Parliament||Elisha McCallion (Sinn Féin)|
|Number of members||One|
Mid Ulster (small parts of)
|European Parliament constituency||Northern Ireland|
The seat was created in 1983. In 2017 it was one of the most marginal seats in the country, with McCallion beating out the SDLP candidate by only 0.4% of the vote.
1983-1997: The District of Londonderry, and the District of Strabane wards of Artigarvan, Dunnamanagh, East, North, Slievekirk, South, and West.
1997-2010: The District of Derry.
2010-present: The District of Derry wards of Altnagelvin, Ballynashallog, Beechwood, Brandywell, Carn Hill, Caw, Clondermot, Creggan Central, Creggan South, Crevagh, Culmore, Ebrington, Eglinton, Enagh, Foyle Springs, Holly Mount, Kilfennan, Lisnagelvin, New Buildings, Pennyburn, Rosemount, Shantallow East, Shantallow West, Springtown, Strand, The Diamond, Victoria, and Westland.
The seat was created in boundary changes in 1983, as part of an expansion of Northern Ireland's constituencies from 12 to 17, and was predominantly made up from the old Londonderry constituency. From further revisions in 1995 (when it lost parts of the district of Strabane to the West Tyrone constituency), and until the 2008 revision, it covered exactly the same area as Derry City Council.
The name comes from the River Foyle which the city lies on and is used to avoid the contentious names of Derry or Londonderry, as well as to cover the areas of County Tyrone that were originally in the constituency.
Prior to the 2010 general election the transfer of Claudy and Banagher wards to East Londonderry were approved through the passing of the Northern Ireland Parliamentary Constituencies Order in 2008.
For the history of the equivalent constituency prior to 1983, see Londonderry.
There had been much speculation that with the gradual retirement of John Hume from politics, the SDLP vote might collapse. In the 2003 Northern Ireland Assembly election, the SDLP lost 11.5% of the vote and were only narrowly ahead of Sinn Féin. Hume's retirement led to many questioning whether Mark Durkan, Hume's successor as leader, could hold on to the seat. However, in the 2005 general election he did so. The decline in the Unionist vote suggests that some Unionist voters tactically voted for Durkan.
Durkan was re-elected to a third term in 2015, increasing his share of the vote to 47.9% and winning a majority of 6,046 votes.
It has been represented since the General Election 2017 by Elisha McCallion, of Sinn Féin who won with a majority of only 169 votes. Following the election, concerns about electoral malpractice were raised with the Electoral Office by the SDLP and People Before Profit's Eamon McCann.
The Member of Parliament since the 2017 general election is Elisha McCallion of Sinn Féin. She succeeded Mark Durkan of the SDLP to become the first Sinn Féin MP for the constituency. The constituency has been previously represented by John Hume, previously leader of the SDLP and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
|People Before Profit||Shaun Harkin|
|Sinn Féin||Elisha McCallion|
|Sinn Féin||Elisha McCallion||18,256||39.7||+8.2|
|People Before Profit||Shaun Harkin||1,377||3.0||N/A|
|Sinn Féin gain from SDLP||Swing||-8.3|
|Sinn Féin||Gearóid Ó Heára||11,679||31.6||-0.4|
|NI Conservatives||Hamish Badenoch||132||0.4||N/A|
|Sinn Féin||Martina Anderson||12,098||31.9||-1.4|
|People Before Profit||Eamonn McCann||2,936||7.7||N/A|
|Sinn Féin||Mitchel McLaughlin||15,162||33.2||+6.6|
|Socialist Environmental||Eamonn McCann||1,649||3.6||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Ben Reel||31||0.1||N/A|
|Sinn Féin||Mitchel McLaughlin||12,988||26.6||+2.6|
|Sinn Féin||Mitchel McLaughlin||11,445||23.9||+6.3|
|Natural Law||Donn Brennan||154||0.3||-0.5|
|Sinn Féin||Martin McGuinness||9,149||17.6||-0.3|
|Workers' Party||Gordon McKenzie||514||1.0||-1.1|
|Natural Law||John Burns||422||0.8||N/A|
|Sinn Féin||Martin McGuinness||8,707||17.9||-2.4|
|Workers' Party||Eamonn Melaugh||1,022||2.1||+1.0|
|Sinn Féin||Martin McGuinness||10,607||20.3||N/A|
|Workers' Party||Eamonn Melaugh||582||1.1||N/A|
|SDLP win (new seat)|