Get Fore-and-aft Rig essential facts below. View Videos or join the Fore-and-aft Rig discussion. Add Fore-and-aft Rig to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
The square rig had predominated in Europe since the dawn of sea travel, but in the generally gentle climate of southern Europe and the Mediterranean Sea during the last few centuries before the Renaissance the fore-and-aft began to replace it. By 1475, its use increased, and within a hundred years the fore-and-aft rig was in common use on rivers and in estuaries in Britain, northern France, and the Low Countries, though the square rig remained standard for the harsher conditions of the open North Sea as well as for trans-Atlantic sailing.:p.49 The triangular lateen sail was more maneuverable and speedier, while the square rig was labor-intense but seaworthy.