Football At the Summer Olympics
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Football At the Summer Olympics

Football at the Summer Olympics
Football pictogram.svg
Governing bodyFIFA
Events
Games

Tournaments (men?women)

Football at the Summer Olympics has been included in every Summer Olympic Games as a men's competition sport, except 1896 (the inaugural Games) and 1932 (in an attempt to promote the new FIFA World Cup tournament). Women's football was added to the official program at the 1996 Atlanta Games.[1]

So as to avoid competition with the World Cup, FIFA have restricted participation of elite players in the men's tournament in various ways. Currently squads for the men's tournament are required to be composed of players under 23 years of age, with three permitted exceptions.

Men's tournament

Men's Olympic Football Tournament
Founded1900[2]
RegionInternational (FIFA)
Number of teams16 (finals)
(from 6 confederations)
Current champions Brazil
(2nd title)
Most successful team(s) Hungary
 Great Britain
(3 titles each)
2020 Summer Olympics

History

Before the first World Cup

Beginnings

Football was not included in the program at the first modern Olympic Games in 1896, as international football was in its infancy at the time. However, sources claim that an unofficial football tournament was organised during the first competition, in which an Athens XI lost to a team representing Smyrna (Izmir), then part of the Ottoman Empire.[3] According to a source, this is an error which has been perpetuated in multiple texts.[4]

Tournaments were played at the 1900 and 1904 games and the Intercalated Games of 1906, but these were contested by various clubs and scratch teams. Although the IOC considers the 1900 and 1904 tournaments to be official Olympic events, they are not recognised by FIFA, and neither recognises the Intercalated Games today. In 1906 teams from Great Britain, Germany, Austria, the Netherlands and France withdrew from an unofficial competition and left Denmark, Smyrna (one Armenian, two Frenchmen and eight Britons), Athens and Thessaloniki to compete. Denmark won the final against Athens 9-0.

British successes

In the London Games of 1908 a proper international tournament was organised by the Football Association, featuring just six teams. The number of teams rose to eleven in 1912, when the competition was organised by the Swedish Football Association. Many of these early matches were unbalanced, as evidenced by high scoring games; two players, Sophus Nielsen in 1908 and Gottfried Fuchs in 1912, each scored ten goals in a single match. All players were amateurs, in accordance with the Olympic spirit, which meant that some countries could not send their full international team. The National Olympic Committee for Great Britain and Ireland asked the Football Association to send an English national amateur team. Some of the English members played with professional clubs, most notably Derby County's Ivan Sharpe, Bradford City F.C. Harold Walden and Chelsea's Vivian Woodward. England won the first two official tournaments convincingly, beating Denmark both times.

1920s and the rise of Uruguay
The Uruguay national football team that won the 1928 Olympic tournament

During the 1920 final, the Czechoslovakia national football team walked from the field of play in order to raise awareness of their displeasure regarding the refereeing of John Lewis and the militarised mood within the stadium in Antwerp. In the 1924 and 1928 Olympic games, the first South American teams entered the competition: Uruguay and Argentina. Uruguay won both Olympics and FIFA became conscious that the Olympic movement was not only hindering the ability of nations to participate on an equal footing but, given that the Olympics only permitted amateurs to participate, did not represent the true strength of the international game.

After the first World Cup

Tumultuous '30s

Following Henri Delaunay's proposal in 1929 to initiate a professional World Championship of Football, the sport was dropped from the 1932 Los Angeles Games by FIFA in an attempt to promote the new tournament. Football returned to controversy at the 1936 Berlin Games. The German organisers were intent on the return of the game to the Olympic movement since it guaranteed income into the organisation's coffers. The Italian team intimidated a referee. Peru scored a contested victory over Austria in overtime, with a fan invasion of the field at the very end. The Austrian team asked for the result to be annulled, and the game repeated. FIFA agreed, but the Peruvian team refused and left the Olympics.[5][6]

Soviet Bloc dominance amid shamateurism controversy

As professionalism spread around the world, the gap in quality between the World Cup and the Olympics widened. The countries that benefited most were the Soviet Bloc countries of Eastern Europe, where top athletes were state-sponsored while retaining their status as amateurs. As a result, young Western amateurs had to face seasoned and veteran Soviet Bloc teams, which put them at a significant disadvantage. All Olympic football tournaments from 1948 to 1980 were dominated by the Soviet Union and its satellites.[7] Between 1948 and 1988, 25 out of 34 Olympic medals were won by Eastern Europe, with only Sweden (gold in 1948 and bronze in 1952), Denmark (bronze in 1948 and silver in 1960) and Japan (bronze in 1968) breaking their dominance, the last two of these seeing some changes due to FIFA's changing of the call-up rules, with only Yugoslavia (bronze in 1984) and the Soviet Union (gold in 1988) winning medals for the Eastern Bloc.

Changes and developments

For the 1984 Los Angeles Games, the IOC decided to admit professional players. FIFA still did not want the Olympics to rival the World Cup, so a compromise was struck that allowed teams from countries outside of UEFA and CONMEBOL to field their strongest sides, while restricting UEFA and CONMEBOL (the strongest confederations whose teams played all finals and won every single World Cup title) countries to players who had not played in a World Cup. The 1984 rules were maintained also for the 1988 edition, but with an additional paragraph: those European and South American footballers who had previously played less than 90 minutes in one single match of the World Cup, were eligible.[8]

Age limit

Since 1992 male competitors have been required to be under 23 years old; since 1996, a maximum of three over-23-year-old players have been allowed per squad.[a] African countries have taken particular advantage of this, with Nigeria and Cameroon winning in 1996 and 2000 respectively.

Because of the unusual format and the enforced separation from the main national teams that play the World Cup and top continental tournaments, several of the historically strongest men's national teams have unimpressive Olympic records. Uruguay won the tournament in their first two attempts, in 1924 and 1928, their only appearances before they qualified for the 2012 edition, after an 84-year absence. Argentina won silver twice (1928 and 1996) before the 2004 tournament, but its appearance in Athens 2004, in which it won the first gold medal, was only their seventh overall. Brazil's silver medals in the 1984, 1988 and 2012 editions were the best they had achieved until 2016's gold, and since professional athletes were allowed to compete, they failed to qualify in 1992 and 2004. Italy has only won the Olympic title once, in 1936, although it has also won two bronzes, and has the highest number of appearances in the tournament, at 15, with their last qualify in 2008. France has won the Olympic title only once (in 1984) and between 1996 and 2016 failed to qualify for the Olympics before qualifying again in 2020. Germany's best result (before 2016 edition) was a single bronze medal, in 1988 as West Germany, and the reunified team did not make an Olympic appearance until 2016, when they won silver. Spain has won the gold medal only once, in 1992 (when they hosted the Olympics). It has also won 3 silver medals (in 1920, 2000 and 2020) but has failed to qualify several times.

British non-involvement

Football in the United Kingdom has no single governing body, and there are separate teams for the UK's four Home Nations: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Only the English Football Association (FA) is affiliated to the British Olympic Association (BOA), and the FA entered "Great Britain" teams to the football tournaments until 1972. In 1974, the FA abolished the distinction between "amateur" and "professional" football, and stopped entering the Olympics. Even though FIFA has allowed professionals at the Olympics since 1984, the FA did not re-enter, as the Home Nations feared that a united British Olympic team would set a precedent that might cause FIFA to question their separate status in other FIFA competitions and on the International Football Association Board.[10][11]

When London was selected to host the 2012 Games, there was pressure on the English FA to exercise the host nation's automatic right to field a team.[12] In 2009 the plan agreed by the FA with the Welsh FA, Scottish FA and Irish FA was only to field English players;[13] however the BOA overruled this,[14] and ultimately there were Welsh players in the men's squad and Scots in the women's squad.[15] After the 2012 games, the FA decided that no team would be entered in subsequent men's tournaments, but was open to fielding a women's team again.[16]

For the 2020 tournament, FIFA stated that women's UK team (not applied to men's UK team) may enter the Olympics after the four FAs agreed, depending on the performance of women's English team in 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup (which serves as the European qualification for the Olympics).[17][18]

Venues

Due to the number of large stadia required for the Olympic tournament, venues in distant cities - often more than 200 km (120 mi) away from the main host - are typically used for the football tournament. In an extreme example, two early-round venues for the 1984 Games were on the East Coast of the United States, well over 2,000 miles (3,200 km) from the host city of Los Angeles. The next Games held in the United States, the 1996 Games, were unique in that no matches were held in the host city of Atlanta; the nearest venue and the site of the finals was 65 miles (105 km) away on the University of Georgia campus in Athens. Counting the 2016 and 2020 Summer Olympics, there are 127 venues that have hosted Olympic football, the most of any sport.

Edition of the Olympic Games City Stadium
Greece Athens 1896 No football tournament
France Paris 1900 Paris Vélodrome de Vincennes
United States Saint Louis 1904 St. Louis, Missouri Francis Field
United Kingdom London 1908 London White City Stadium
Sweden Stockholm 1912 Stockholm Stockholms Olympiastadion
Råsunda Stadium
Tranebergs Idrottsplats
Belgium Antwerp 1920 Antwerp Olympisch Stadion
Stadion Broodstraat
Brussels Stade de l'Union St. Gilloise
Ghent Stade d'A.A. La Gantoise
France Paris 1924 Paris Stade Olympique, Colombes
Stade Bergeyre
Stade de Paris, Saint-Ouen
Stade Pershing, Vincennes
Netherlands Amsterdam 1928 Amsterdam Olympisch Stadion
Harry Elte Stadium
United States Los Angeles 1932 No football tournament
Germany Berlin 1936 Berlin Olympiastadion
Poststadion, Tiergarten
Mommsenstadion, Charlottenburg
Hertha-BSC-Platz
United Kingdom London 1948 London Empire Stadium, Wembley
White Hart Lane, Tottenham
Selhurst Park, Crystal Palace
Craven Cottage, Fulham
Griffin Park, Brentford
Arsenal Stadium, Highbury
Lynn Road, Ilford
Green Pond Road, Walthamstow
Champion Hill, Dulwich
Brighton Goldstone Ground
Portsmouth Fratton Park
Finland Helsinki 1952 Helsinki Olympiastadion
Töölö Football Grounds
Turku Kupittaa Stadium
Tampere Ratina Stadion
Lahti Kisapuisto
Kotka Kotka Stadion
Australia Melbourne 1956 Melbourne Melbourne Cricket Ground
Olympic Park Stadium
Italy Rome 1960 Rome Stadio Flaminio
Florence Stadio Comunale
Grosseto Stadio Comunale
Livorno Stadio Ardenza
Pescara Stadio Adriatico
L'Aquila Stadio Comunale
Naples Stadio Fuorigrotta
Japan Tokyo 1964 Tokyo National Olympic Stadium
Prince Chichibu Memorial Field
Komazawa Stadium
?miya Omiya Soccer Stadium
Yokohama Mitsuzawa Football Stadium
Mexico Mexico City 1968 Mexico City Estadio Azteca
Puebla Estadio Cuauhtémoc
Guadalajara Estadio Jalisco
León Estadio León
West Germany Munich 1972 Munich Olympiastadion
Augsburg Rosenaustadion
Ingolstadt ESV-Stadion
Regensburg Jahnstadion
Nuremberg Städtisches Stadion
Passau Drei Flüsse Stadion
Canada Montreal 1976 Montreal Olympic Stadium
Sherbrooke Municipal Stadium
Toronto Varsity Stadium
Ottawa Lansdowne Stadium
Soviet Union Moscow 1980 Moscow Lenin Stadium
Dynamo Stadium
Leningrad Kirov Stadium
Kyiv Republican Stadium
Minsk Dinamo Stadium
United States Los Angeles 1984 Pasadena, California Rose Bowl
Boston, Massachusetts Harvard Stadium
Annapolis, Maryland Navy-Marine Corps Memorial Stadium
Stanford, California Stanford Stadium
South Korea Seoul 1988 Seoul Olympic Stadium
Dongdaemun Stadium
Busan Busan Stadium
Daegu Daegu Stadium
Daejeon Daejeon Stadium
Gwangju Gwangju Stadium
Spain Barcelona 1992 Barcelona Camp Nou
Estadi de Sarrià
Sabadell Estadi de la Nova Creu Alta
Zaragoza Estadio La Romareda
Valencia Estadio Luis Casanova
United States Atlanta 1996 Athens, Georgia Sanford Stadium
Orlando, Florida Citrus Bowl
Birmingham, Alabama Legion Field
Miami, Florida Miami Orange Bowl
Washington, D.C. Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium
Australia Sydney 2000 Sydney Olympic Stadium
Sydney Football Stadium
Brisbane Brisbane Cricket Ground
Adelaide Hindmarsh Stadium
Canberra Bruce Stadium
Melbourne Melbourne Cricket Ground
Greece Athens 2004 Athens Olympic Stadium
Karaiskakis Stadium
Patras Pampeloponnisiako Stadium
Volos Panthessaliko Stadium
Thessaloniki Kaftanzoglio Stadium
Heraklion Pankritio Stadium
China Beijing 2008 Beijing National Stadium
Workers' Stadium
Tianjin Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium
Shanghai Shanghai Stadium
Qinhuangdao Qinhuangdao Olympic Sports Center Stadium
Shenyang Shenyang Olympic Sports Center Stadium
United Kingdom London 2012 London Wembley Stadium
Glasgow Hampden Park
Cardiff Millennium Stadium
Coventry City of Coventry Stadium[b]
Manchester Old Trafford
Newcastle upon Tyne St James' Park[b]
Brazil Rio 2016 Rio de Janeiro Estádio do Maracanã
Estádio Olímpico João Havelange
São Paulo Arena Corinthians
Brasília Estádio Nacional Mané Garrincha
Salvador Arena Fonte Nova[c]
Belo Horizonte Estádio Mineirão
Manaus Arena da Amazônia
Japan Tokyo 2020
Ch?fu Tokyo Stadium[d]
Yokohama International Stadium Yokohama[d]
Kashima Kashima Soccer Stadium
Saitama Saitama Stadium 2002
Rifu Miyagi Stadium
Sapporo Sapporo Dome

Events

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 24 Years
Men's event X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 28
Women's event X X X X X X X X 8
Total 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Competition format

For both the men's and women's tournaments, the competition consists of a round-robin group stage followed by a knockout stage. Teams are placed into groups of 4 teams, with each team playing each other team in its group once. Teams earn 3 points for a win, 1 point for a draw, and 0 points for a loss. The top two teams in each group (as well as the top two third-place finishers, in the women's tournament) advance to the knockout rounds. The knockout rounds are a single-elimination tournament consisting of quarterfinals, semifinals, and the gold and bronze medal matches.

Matches consist of two halves of 45 minutes each. Since 2004, during the knockout rounds, if the match is tied after 90 minutes, two 15-minute halves of extra time are played (extra time is skipped in favour of immediate penalty kicks in the bronze medal match if it is played on the same day in the same stadium as the gold medal match). If the score remains tied, penalty kicks, which is 5 rounds, plus extra rounds if tied, are used to determine the winner.[19]

The qualifying tournament, like that for the World Cup, is organised along continental lines. Most continental confederations organise a special Under-23 qualifying tournament, although the European qualifiers are drawn from the finalists of the UEFA Under-21 Championship. Teams participating in the preliminary and final competitions must be composed of U-23 players, with up to three players who are at least 23. For Tokyo 2020, U-23 players are born after 1 January 1997.[a][20]

For the 2020 Games, the number of places allocated to each continent is:

Participating nations

Numbers refer to the final placing of each team at the respective Games. Host nation is shown in bold.

UEFA
Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
 Austria - - - 6 - - - 2 11 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4
 Belarus - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 - - 1
 Belgium 3 - - - 1 15 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 - - - 5
 Bulgaria - - - - - 10 - - - 17 3 5 - 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5
 Czech Republic - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 14 - - - - - 1
 Czechoslovakia - - - - 9 9 - - - - - - 2 9 - - 1 WD - Split into Slovakia and Czech Republic 5
 Denmark - - 2 2 10 - - - 3 5 - 2 - - 6 - - - - 13 - - - - - 8 - 9
 East Germany[21] - - - - - - - - - WD - - 3 - 3 1 2 WD - Merged with West Germany 4
 Estonia - - - - - 17 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
 Finland - - - 4 - - - 9 - 14 - - - - - - 9 - - - - - - - - - - 4
 France 2 - 5 - 4 5 9 - 5 17 - 9 - 7 - 5 - 1 - - 5 - - - - - 13 13
 Germany[22] - - - 7 - - 5 5 - 4 9 - - - 5 - - 5 3 - - - - - - 2 9 10
 Great Britain 1 - 1 1 11 - - 5 4 17 5 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 - - 10
 Greece - - - - 13 - - - - 17 - - - - - - - - - - - - 15 - - - - 3
 Hungary - - - 5 - 13 - 9 - 1 WD 3 1 1 2 - - - - - 16 - - - - - - 9
 Ireland - - - - - 7 - - 17 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2
 Israel Competed with Asia (qualified 2 times) - - - - - - - - - - - 2
 Italy - - - 8 5 6 3 1 5 9 - 4 DSQ - - - - 4 4 5 12 5 3 5 - - - 15
 Latvia - - - - - 16 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
 Lithuania - - - - - 17 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
 Luxembourg - - - - 12 11 9 9 9 9 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6
 Netherlands - - 3 3 3 4 9 - 9 17 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7 - - - 8
 Norway - - - 9 7 - - 3 - 14 - - - - - - WD 10 - - - - - - - - - 5
 Poland - - - - - 17 - 4 - 9 - 10 - - 1 2 - - - 2 - - - - - - - 7
 Portugal - - - - - - 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 - 14 - - 6 - 4
 Romania - - - - - 14 - - - 17 - - 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11 4
 Russia - - - 10 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
 Serbia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 12 - - - 1
 Serbia and Montenegro - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16 Split into 2 nations 1
 Slovakia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 13 - - - - - 1
 Soviet Union - - - - - - - - - 9 1 - - - 3 3 3 WD 1 - Split into 15 nations 6
 Spain - - - - 2 17 5 - - - - - - 6 - 12 10 - - 1 6 2 - - 14 - 2 11
 Sweden - - 4 11 6 3 - 9 1 3 - - - - - - - - 6 6 - - - - - 15 - 10
 Switzerland - - - - - 2 9 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 13 - - 3
 Turkey - - - - - 17 9 9 5 5 WD 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6
 Yugoslavia - - - - 9 17 9 - 2 2 2 1 6 - - - 4 3 10 - Split into 7 nations 11
CONMEBOL
Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
 Argentina - - - - - - 2 - - - - 7 10 - - - WD - 8 - 2 - 1 1 - 11 10 9
 Brazil - - - - - - - - - 5 - 6 9 13 13 4 - 2 2 - 3 7 - 3 2 1 1 14
 Chile - - - - - - 17 - - 17 - - - - - - - 7 - - - 3 - - - - - 4
 Colombia - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 11 - 11 - - 14 - - - - - 6 - 5
 Paraguay - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7 - - 2 - - - - 2
 Peru - - - - - - - 5 - - - 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2
 Uruguay - - - - - 1 1 - - - - - - - - WD - - - - - - - - 9 - - 3
 Venezuela - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 12 - - - - - - - - - - 1
CONCACAF
Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
 Canada - 1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 13 - 6 - - - - - - - - 3
 Costa Rica - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16 13 - - - - 8 - - - - 3
 Cuba - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11 7 - - - - - - - - - - 2
 El Salvador - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
 Guatemala - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 - 10 - - 16 - - - - - - - - 3
 Honduras - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 - 16 7 4 14 5
 Mexico - - - - - - 9 - 11 - - - 11 4 7 9 - - DSQ 10 7 - 10 - 1 9 3 12
 Netherlands Antilles - - - - - - - - - 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Split into 2 n. 1
 United States - 2[23] 3 - - - 12 9 9 11 17 5 - - - 14 - WD 9 12 9 10 4 - 9 - - - 14
CAF
Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
 Algeria - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8 - - - - - - - - 14 - 2
 Cameroon - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11 - - - 1 - 8 - - - 3
 Egypt - - - - 8 8 4 9 11 9 WD 12 4 - - - WD 8 - 12 - - - - 8 - 8 12
 Ivory Coast - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6 - - 7 2
 Gabon - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 12 - - 1
 Ghana - - - - - - - - - - - - 7 12 16 WD WD - - 3 8 - 9 - - - - 6
 Guinea - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
 Mali - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 - - - - 1
 Morocco - - - - - - - - - - - - 13 WD 8 - - 12 - 15 - 16 10 - 11 - - 7
 Nigeria - - - - - - - - - - - - - 14 - WD 13 - 15 - 1 8 - 2 - 3 - 7
 Senegal - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6 - - 1
 South Africa - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11 - - - 13 16 3
 Sudan - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
 Tunisia - - - - - - - - - - - 15 - - - - - - 13 - 14 - 12 - - - - 4
 Zambia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - WD 15 - 5 - - - - - - - - 2
AFC
Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
 Afghanistan - - - - - - - - 17 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
 Australia Competed with Oceania (qualified 6 times) 11 - - 12 2
 China - - - - - - - 9 11 - WD - - - - - - - 14 - - - - 13 - - - 4
 Chinese Taipei - - - - - - - - - - - 16 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
 India - - - - - - - - 11 17 4 13 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4
 Indonesia - - - - - - - - - - 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
 Iran - - - - - - - - - - - - 12 - 12 7 WD - - - - - - - - - - 3
 Iraq - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 14 9 - - - 4 - - 12 - 5
 Israel - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 - 6 - Competed with Europe 2
 Japan - - - - - - - 5 - - 9 - 8 3 - - - - - - 9 6 13 15 4 10 4 11
 Kuwait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6 - - 16 - 12 - - - - - 3
 Malaysia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 - WD - - - - - - - - - - 1
 Myanmar - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9 - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
 North Korea - - - - - - - - - - - - WD - - 8 - - - - - - - - - - - 1
 Qatar - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15 - 8 - - - - - - - 2
 Saudi Arabia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16 - - 15 - - - - - 15 3
 South Korea - - - - - - - - 5 - - - 14 - - - - - 11 11 11 9 6 10 3 5 5 11
 Syria - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 14 - - - - - - - - - - 1
 Thailand - - - - - - - - - - 9 - - 16 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2
 United Arab Emirates - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15 - - 1
OFC
Nation 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
 Australia - - - - - - - - - - 5 - - - - - - - 7 4 13 15 7 AFC (qualified 2 times) 6
 Fiji - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16 - 1
 New Zealand - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 14 16 - 6 3
Total nations 3 2 5 11 14 22 17 16 18 25 11 16 14 16 16 13 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16

Results

Rules
  • 1900-1904: amateur club teams [24][25]
  • 1908-1980: amateur national teams [note 1][note 2]
  • 1984-1988: professional national teams (excepting UEFA and Conmebol)[26]
  • 1992: u-23 national teams [25][26]
  • 1996-present: u-23 national teams (with three 'no age limit' players allowed, after an agreement between FIFA and OIC)[25][26]

Ed. Year Host Gold medal match Bronze medal match
Gold medal Score Silver medal Bronze medal Score Fourth place
- 1896 Greece Athens (No football tournament held)
1 1900 France Paris United Kingdom
Great Britain
(Upton Park F.C.)
-
[note 3]

France
(Club Français)

Belgium
(ULB)
-
[note 3]
-
[note 4]
2 1904 United States St. Louis Canada
Canada
(Galt F.C.)
-
[note 3]
United States
United States
(Christian Bro. College)
United States
United States
(St. Rose Parish)
-
[note 3]
-
[note 4]
3 1908 United Kingdom London United Kingdom
Great Britain
2-0
Denmark

Netherlands
2-0
Sweden
4 1912 Sweden Stockholm United Kingdom
Great Britain
4-2
Denmark

Netherlands
9-0 Russian Empire
Finland
5 1920 Belgium Antwerp
Belgium
[note 5]
Spain

Netherlands
[note 5]
France
6 1924 France Paris
Uruguay
3-0
Switzerland

Sweden
1-1 (aet)
3-1 (replay)

Netherlands
7 1928 Netherlands Amsterdam
Uruguay
1-1 (aet)
2-1 (replay)

Argentina

Italy
11-3
Egypt
- 1932 United States Los Angeles
(No football tournament held)
8 1936 Germany Berlin
Italy
2-1 (aet)
Austria

Norway
3-2
Poland
9 1948 United Kingdom London
Sweden
3-1
Yugoslavia

Denmark
5-3 United Kingdom
Great Britain
10 1952 Finland Helsinki
Hungary
2-0
Yugoslavia

Sweden
2-0 West Germany
Germany
11 1956 Australia Melbourne
Soviet Union
1-0
Yugoslavia

Bulgaria
3-0
India
12 1960 Italy Rome
Yugoslavia
3-1
Denmark

Hungary
2-1
Italy
13 1964 Japan Tokyo
Hungary
2-1
Czechoslovakia
Germany
Germany[21]
3-1
United Arab
14 1968 Mexico Mexico City
Hungary
4-1
Bulgaria

Japan
2-0
Mexico
15 1972 Germany Munich
Poland
2-1
Hungary

East Germany

Soviet Union
2-2 (aet) - [note 6]
16 1976 Canada Montreal
East Germany
3-1
Poland

Soviet Union
2-0
Brazil
17 1980 Soviet Union Moscow
Czechoslovakia
1-0
East Germany

Soviet Union
2-0
Yugoslavia
18 1984 United States Los Angeles
France
2-0
Brazil

Yugoslavia
2-1
Italy
19 1988 South Korea Seoul
Soviet Union
2-1 (aet)
Brazil
West Germany
West Germany
3-0
Italy
20 1992 Spain Barcelona
Spain
3-2
Poland

Ghana
1-0
Australia
21 1996 United States Atlanta
Nigeria
3-2
Argentina

Brazil
5-0
Portugal
22 2000 Australia Sydney
Cameroon
2-2 (5-3, p.)
Spain

Chile
2-0
United States
23 2004 Greece Athens
Argentina
1-0
Paraguay

Italy
1-0
Iraq
24 2008 China Beijing
Argentina
1-0
Nigeria

Brazil
3-0
Belgium
25 2012 United Kingdom London
Mexico
2-1
Brazil

South Korea
2-0
Japan
26 2016 Brazil Rio de Janeiro
Brazil
1-1 (5-4, p.)
Germany

Nigeria
3-2
Honduras
27 2020 Japan Tokyo
Brazil
2-1 (aet)
Spain

Mexico
3-1
Japan
28 2024 France Paris TBD TBD TBD TBD
Notes
  1. ^ the 1924 and 1932 editions were co-organised by FIFA)[24][26]
  2. ^ Countries from Eastern Europe competed with professional players.[26]
  3. ^ a b c d This tournament waw originally a pair of demonstration matches between the three teams, but has subsequently been upgraded to official status by the IOC with medals attributed to the teams based upon the match results.
  4. ^ a b Only three teams participated in the competition.
  5. ^ a b In 1920, Czechoslovakia abandoned the final match against Belgium after 40 minutes with the latter up 2-0. They were disqualified, and a mini-tournament to figure out the other medalists was held, with Spain beating the Netherlands for second place 3-1.
  6. ^ Bronze medal shared.

Performances by countries

Below are the 41 nations that have reached at least the semi-final stage in the Summer Olympics finals.

Team Gold medals Silver medals Bronze medals Fourth place Medals
 Hungary 3 (1952, 1964, 1968) 1 (1972) 1 (1960) 5
 Great Britain 3 (1900, 1908, 1912) 1 (1948) 3
 Brazil 2 (2016, 2020) 3 (1984, 1988, 2012) 2 (1996, 2008) 1 (1976) 7
 Argentina 2 (2004, 2008) 2 (1928, 1996) 4
 Soviet Union 2 (1956, 1988) 3 (1972, 1976, 1980) 5
 Uruguay 2 (1924, 1928) 2
 Yugoslavia 1 (1960) 3 (1948, 1952, 1956) 1 (1984) 1 (1980) 5
 Spain 1 (1992) 3 (1920, 2000, 2020) 4
 Poland 1 (1972) 2 (1976, 1992) 1 (1936) 3
 East Germany 1 (1976) 1 (1980) 1 (1972) 3
 Nigeria 1 (1996) 1 (2008) 1 (2016) 3
 France 1 (1984) 1 (1900) 1 (1920) 2
 Czechoslovakia 1 (1980) 1 (1964) 2
 Italy 1 (1936) 2 (1928, 2004) 3 (1960, 1984, 1988) 3
 Sweden 1 (1948) 2 (1924, 1952) 1 (1908) 3
 Mexico 1 (2012) 1 (2020) 1 (1968) 2
 Belgium 1 (1920) 1 (1900) 1 (2008) 2
 Canada 1 (1904) 1
 Cameroon 1 (2000) 1
 Denmark 3 (1908, 1912, 1960) 1 (1948) 4
 United States 1 (1904) 1 (1904) 1 (2000) 2
 Bulgaria 1 (1968) 1 (1956) 2
 Germany 1 (2016) 1 (1952) 1
  Switzerland 1 (1924) 1
 Austria 1 (1936) 1
 Paraguay 1 (2004) 1
 Netherlands 3 (1908, 1912, 1920) 1 (1924) 3
 Japan 1 (1968) 2 (2012, 2020) 1
 Norway 1 (1936) 1
 United Team of Germany 1 (1964) 1
 West Germany 1 (1988) 1
 Ghana 1 (1992) 1
 Chile 1 (2000) 1
 South Korea 1 (2012) 1
 Egypt 2 (1928, 1964) 0
 Finland 1 (1912) 0
 India 1 (1956) 0
 Australia 1 (1992) 0
 Portugal 1 (1996) 0
 Iraq 1 (2004) 0
 Honduras 1 (2016) 0

Top scorers by tournament

Records

Denmark's Sophus Nielsen and Hungary's Antal Dunai share the record for the most goals scored by a player in the tournament history, both with 13 goals, since the first official football tournament held in London, England, 1908; with Nielsen scoring 11 goals in 1908, and 2 in 1912, and Dunai scoring 6 in 1968 and 7 in 1972. Ferenc Bene holds the record for the most goals scored by a player in a single Olympics tournament, scoring 12 goals in the 1964 edition. Sophus Nielsen also shares with Gottfried Fuchs the record of most goals in a single Olympics game, both with 10, with Nielson achieving that in the semi-final match against France in 1908, and Fuchs in the 1-round match against Russia in 1912 Consolation tournament.

Neymar marked the fastest goal in a men's Olympic football match in history at 14 seconds in the semi-final match against Honduras on 17 August 2016.[27]

All-time top scorers

The all-time top goalscorers with at least 7 goals (since 1908)

Medal table

  • Countries ranked by total medals won including 1900 and 1904.
  • Bronze medals shared in 1972 tournament
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Hungary3115
2 Great Britain3003
3 Brazil2327
4 Argentina2204
5 Soviet Union2035
6 Uruguay2002
7 Yugoslavia1315
8 Spain1304
9 Poland1203
10 East Germany1113
 Nigeria1113
12 Czechoslovakia1102
 France1102
14 Italy1023
 Sweden1023
16 Belgium1012
 Mexico1012
18 Cameroon1001
 Canada1001
20 Denmark0314
21 Bulgaria0112
 United States0112
23 Austria0101
 Germany0101
 Paraguay0101
 Switzerland0101
27 Netherlands0033
28 Chile0011
 Ghana0011
 Japan0011
 Norway0011
 South Korea0011
 United Team of Germany0011
 West Germany0011
Totals (34 nations)27272882

Women's tournament

Women's Olympic Football Tournament
Founded1996
RegionInternational (FIFA)
Number of teams12 (finals)
(from 6 confederations)
Current champions Canada
(1st title)
Most successful team(s) United States
(4 titles)
2020 Summer Olympics

The women's tournament is contested between full national sides, with no age restrictions. One place is reserved for the host country. Of the remaining teams, as in World Cup contests a specific number of places are reserved for teams from each continental region; the European (UEFA) teams are chosen from the most successful European teams in the previous year's World Cup, whilst the other continental regions host their own qualifying tournaments in the build-up to the Olympics.

The first women's tournament was at the 1996 Atlanta Games. The United States won the gold medal, and picked up silver in 2000 after a golden goal loss to Norway. The finals of the next two tournaments, in 2004 and 2008, also went to extra time, with the U.S. defeating Brazil both times. In 2012 the U.S. won their fourth gold medal defeating Japan 2-1 in the final. In 2016 Germany won its first gold, defeating Sweden in the final.

Allocation of places for each continent in the 2020 Games is:

Participating nations

Numbers refer to the final placing of each team at the respective Games. Host nation is shown in bold.

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 24 Years
 Argentina - - - 11 - - - 1
 Australia - 7 5 - - 7 4 4
 Brazil 4 4 2 2 6 4 6 7
 Cameroon - - - - 12 - - 1
 Canada - - - 8 3 3 1 4
 Chile - - - - - - 11 1
 China 2 5 9 5 - 8 10 6
 Colombia - - - - 11 11 - 2
 Denmark 8 - - - - - - 1
 France - - - - 4 6 - 2
 Germany 5 3 3 3 - 1 - 5
 Great Britain - - - - 5 - 7 2
 Greece - - 10 - - - - 1
 Japan 7 - 7 4 2 - 8 5
 Mexico - - 8 - - - - 1
 Netherlands - - - - - - 5 1
 New Zealand - - - 10 8 9 12 4
 Nigeria - 8 6 11 - - - 3
 North Korea - - - 9 9 - - 2
 Norway 3 1 - 7 - - - 3
 South Africa - - - - 10 10 - 2
 Sweden 6 6 4 6 7 2 2 7
 United States 1 2 1 1 1 5 3 7
 Zambia - - - - - - 9 1
 Zimbabwe - - - - - 12 - 1
Total nations 8 8 10 12 12 12 12

Results

Edition Year Hosts Gold medal match Bronze medal match
Gold medalists Score Silver medalists Bronze medalists Score Fourth place
1 1996
Details
United States
Atlanta

United States
2-1
China

Norway
2-0
Brazil
2 2000
Details
Australia
Sydney

Norway
3-2
asdet

United States

Germany
2-0
Brazil
3 2004
Details
Greece
Athens

United States
2-1
aet

Brazil

Germany
1-0
Sweden
4 2008
Details
China
Beijing

United States
1-0
aet

Brazil

Germany
2-0
Japan
5 2012
Details
United Kingdom
London

United States
2-1
Japan

Canada
1-0
France
6 2016
Details
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro

Germany
2-1
Sweden

Canada
2-1
Brazil
7 2020
Details
Japan
Tokyo

Canada
1-1
aet

Sweden

United States
4-3
Australia
3-2 on penalty shoot-out
8 2024
Details
France
Paris
TBD TBD TBD TBD

Performances by countries

Below are the 9 nations that have reached at least the semi-final stage in the Summer Olympics finals.

Team Gold medals Silver medals Bronze medals Fourth place Medals
 United States 4 (1996, 2004, 2008, 2012) 1 (2000) 1 (2020) 6
 Germany 1 (2016) 3 (2000, 2004, 2008) 4
 Canada 1 (2020) 2 (2012, 2016) 3
 Norway 1 (2000) 1 (1996) 2
 Brazil 2 (2004, 2008) 3 (1996, 2000, 2016) 2
 Sweden 2 (2016, 2020) 1 (2004) 2
 Japan 1 (2012) 1 (2008) 1
 China PR 1 (1996) 1
 Australia 1 (2020) 0
 France 1 (2012) 0

Top scorers by tournament

All-time top scorers

The all-time top goalscorers with at least 5 goals (since 1996)

14 goals
13 goals
12 goals
10 goals
9 goals
8 goals
7 goals
6 goals
5 goals

Medal table

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States4116
2 Germany1034
3 Canada1023
4 Norway1012
5 Brazil0202
 Sweden0202
7 China0101
 Japan0101
Totals (8 nations)77721

Overall medal table

  • Countries ranked by total medals won (men's and women's) including 1900 and 1904.
  • Bronze medals shared in 1972 tournament
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States4228
2 Hungary3115
3 Great Britain3003
4 Brazil2529
5 Argentina2204
6 Soviet Union2035
7 Canada2024
8 Uruguay2002
9 Yugoslavia1315
10 Spain1304
11 Sweden1225
12 Poland1203
13 Germany1135
14 East Germany1113
 Nigeria1113
16 Czechoslovakia1102
 France1102
18 Italy1023
 Norway1023
20 Belgium1012
 Mexico1012
22 Cameroon1001
23 Denmark0314
24 Bulgaria0112
 Japan0112
26 Austria0101
 China0101
 Paraguay0101
 Switzerland0101
30 Netherlands0033
31 Chile0011
 Ghana0011
 South Korea0011
 United Team of Germany0011
 West Germany0011
Totals (35 nations)343435103

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b For the 2020 Summer Olympics, the age for the eligible players who have been already qualified are adjusted to under 24 years old. In this case, that Olympics was postponed to 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[9]
  2. ^ a b City of Coventry Stadium and St. James Park were normally called Ricoh Arena and Sports Direct Arena respectively, but because of the IOC rules disallowing corporate sponsorship for event sites, they were renamed for the duration of the Games.
  3. ^ Arena Fonte Nova was normally called Itaipava Arena Fonte Nova, but because of the IOC rules disallowing corporate sponsorship for event sites, the venue was renamed for the duration of the Games.
  4. ^ a b Tokyo Stadium and International Stadium Yokohama are normally called Ajinomoto Stadium and Nissan Stadium respectively, but because of the IOC rules disallowing corporate sponsorship for event sites, the venue was renamed for the duration of the Games.

References

  1. ^ https://olympics.com/tokyo-2020/en/sports/football/
  2. ^ The 1900 and 1904 tournaments are not recognized by FIFA. The competition has been held regularly, except 1932. Since 1992, only the U23 national teams are allowed to participate.
  3. ^ Goldblatt, David (30 August 2007). The Ball Is Round: A Global History of Football. Penguin Books. p. 243. ISBN 978-0-14-101582-8.
  4. ^ Mallon, Bill; Widlund, Ture (1998). The 1896 Olympic Games. Results for All Competitors in All Events, with Commentary. Jefferson: McFarland. p. 118. ISBN 0-7864-0379-9.
  5. ^ Doyle, Paul (24 November 2011). "The forgotten story of ... football, farce and fascism at the 1936 Olympics". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 December 2014. Retrieved 2016.
  6. ^ "Controversia - Berlín 36. Un mito derrumbado (The Berlin '36 Controversy. A myth debunked.)" (in Spanish). Larepublica.com.pe. Archived from the original on 22 March 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 November 2005. Retrieved 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tableso/olympics.html
  9. ^ "Olympic men's football age limit raised to 24 after Tokyo Games postponement". The Guardian. Associated Press. 4 April 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 August 2008. Retrieved 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ http://www.newsletter.co.uk/sport/YOUR-VIEWS-Olympic-football-threat.4327759[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "Brown pays tribute to GB success". BBC News. 24 August 2008. Retrieved 2010.
  13. ^ "Nations pave way for 2012 GB team". BBC Sport. 29 May 2009. Archived from the original on 31 May 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  14. ^ "London 2012 Olympics: Gareth Bale and non-English players have 'legal right' to play for Team GB". Daily Telegraph. 24 March 2011. Archived from the original on 28 February 2014. Retrieved 2011.
  15. ^ Idessane, Kheredine (29 June 2012). "London 2012: No Scotland or N Ireland in Olympic football squad". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2020.
  16. ^ Kelso, Paul (14 August 2012). "British Olympic Association chief executive Andy Hunt criticises Football Association for lack of support". London: Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 15 August 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  17. ^ "Organising Committee takes important decisions on FIFA Women's World Cup". FIFA.com. 1 October 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  18. ^ "Tokyo 2020 Olympics: Home nations agree to GB women's football team". BBC Sport. 1 October 2018. Archived from the original on 28 November 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  19. ^ "Regulations for the Olympic Football Tournaments" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 August 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  20. ^ "REGULATIONS for the Olympic Football Tournaments" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 September 2015.
  21. ^ a b The East German team represented the United Team of Germany in 1964, winning the bronze medal.
  22. ^ The team represented the United Team of Germany in 1956, and the Federal Republic of Germany (i.e., West Germany) in 1972, 1984 and 1988, and winning the bronze medal in 1988.
  23. ^ The United States had two teams at the 1904 Games, taking the silver and bronze medals.
  24. ^ a b El Fútbol Masculino en los Juegos Olímpicos on AFA.org, 19 Jul 2021
  25. ^ a b c Historia del fútbol en los Juegos Olímpicos: medallero, palmarés y ganadores by Alberto P. Sierra on As, 20 Jul 2021
  26. ^ a b c d e Fútbol en los Juegos Olímpicos by José M. Martín, 8 Aug 2021
  27. ^ "Video: Watch Neymar net the fastest goal in Olympic history to take host nation Brazil into football final". 18 August 2016. Archived from the original on 31 August 2016. Retrieved 2016.

External links


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