Football At the 1924 Summer Olympics
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Football At the 1924 Summer Olympics
Football at the 1924 Summer Olympics
Tournament details
Host countryFrance
Dates25 May - 9 June
Teams22 (from 4 confederations)
Venue(s)4 (in 1 host city)
Final positions
Champions Uruguay
Runners-up  Switzerland
Third place Sweden
Fourth place Netherlands
Tournament statistics
Matches played16
Goals scored66 (4.13 per match)
Attendance210,424 (13,152 per match)
Top scorer(s)Uruguay Pedro Petrone
1920
1928

Football at the 1924 Summer Olympics was the sixth edition of the football tournament at the 1924 Summer Olympics held in Paris.

The tournament expanded to 22 countries from 4 confederations, with African sides Egypt (as the previous edition) and Turkey, Uruguay representing South America and the United States in representation of North America.

Uruguay made a memorable debut, winning the gold medal and finishing unbeaten.[1][2][3]

Venues

Colombes
Football at the 1924 Summer Olympics is located in Paris and inner ring
Stade Olympique
Stade Bergeyre
Stade Pershing
Stade de Paris


Locations in Paris

Paris
Stade Olympique Stade Bergeyre
Capacity: 60,000 Capacity: 10,455
Stade de Colombes 1924.jpg Match Olympique contre Irun le 25 décembre 1920.JPEG
Paris Seine-Saint-Denis
Stade Pershing Stade de Paris
Capacity: 8,110 Capacity: 5,145
Match Red Star contre Olympique le 8 avril 1923.JPEG Match Olympique contre Red Star Club le 19 septembre 1920.JPEG

Amateur status

In 1921, the Belgium Football Association first allowed for payments to players for time lost from work; in the months that followed four other Associations (Switzerland and Italy amongst them) permitted similar subsidies. The Football Association, perhaps, with foresight considered their statement of 1884 to be one which FIFA should hereafter follow. They had stated: "Any player registered with this Association ... receiving remuneration ... of any sort above ... necessary expenses actually paid, shall be considered to be a professional."

In 1923 the four British Associations sought an assurance that FIFA accept this definition; the four FIFA representatives on the International Football Association Board refused and, consequently, both the United Kingdom and Denmark withdrew their footballers from representing their nations at the 1924 Olympic Games.[4]

Entries

In Association Football (1960), Bernard Joy wrote about the 1912 Games that the authorities in Sweden "had debated for a long time whether to include football ... because its popularity was not yet world wide". Twelve years later, in Paris, football had become so important to the Games that a 1/3 of the income generated came from football. In terms of international development these Games signalled the first participation in a major Championship of a team from South America, a continent which would provide the main competition to Europe from that moment on.

The Uruguay team had won the Sudamericano one year before the Games

In Paris, Uruguay, who had paid their third class passage to Paris and gone on a successful tour of Spain beforehand,[5] would join as many as 18 European teams; the United States, Turkey and Egypt.

The Uruguayans had won the 1923 Sudamericano by maximum points in the December of the previous year to qualify for the tournament as their continent's sole participants; defeating rivals Argentina 2-0 in the final game in which Pedro Petrone scored halfway through the first half. Joy wrote: "A doctor and a physical expert were as important elements of the staff as the coach himself. They saw to it that their charges reached perfect physical condition. They were kept that way by staying away from the attractions of Paris at a villa in the quiet village of Argenteuil". In Paris Jose Leandro Andrade would be dubbed La Merveille Noire.[5] Despite this little was known about them; they had never played outside South America and their international experience had mainly been spent travelling across the harbour from Buenos Aires to Montevideo.[6]

Italy, having remained unbeaten since 1922, found themselves beaten 4-0 by an early incantation of Hugo Meisl's Wunderteam (who would absent themselves from the Games).[7] With just six weeks to go before the Games Italy had been walloped 7-1 by Hungary.).[8] Other than dropping Giampiero Combi, Vittorio Pozzo would not make major changes; Italy would not prevail.[8] The same policy was adopted by Yugoslavia. Rather than considering dropping players, they had sacked their manager Dr Veljko Ugrinic instead (following a 4-1 defeat by those Austrians in Zagreb) but would find his replacement Todor Sekulic just as hapless.[9]

The Hungarians had just come off a good run of results in the previous year, but had been beaten by the Swiss in the days leading up to the Games; Max Abegglen, who had only been playing international football for two years, scoring his 7th international goal that day for the Swiss.[10] The Swiss had been on the verge of withdrawing from the Games due to their continued success. The team's train ticket was valid for only 10 days and their money had run out. An appeal by a newspaper, Sport, brought in the needed funds.[11]

Entering for the second time Egypt caused a surprise defeat in their opening game.[12] Both finalists from the previous Games were be present; Belgium being afforded a bye into the first round; the Czechs drawn against Turkey in the Preliminary Round.

Final tournament

The Yugoslavia side had a poor showing

The Games competition was assisted by a Preliminary Round which featured the silver-medallists from the 1920 Games, Spain in a game with Italy. Since that time Spain had only lost once and that by a single goal away to Belgium and had drawn 0-0 with the Italians in March 1924.[13] There was hardly anything between themselves and Italy when they met, this time, at the Colombes Stadium; Pedro Vallana's own goal handing victory to Italy.

Hungary put five past Poland, the Swiss sent Lithuania on their way, 9-0. The Uruguayans played first-rate football, combining speed, skill and perfect ball-control. By marrying short passing to intelligent positional play, they made the ball do all the work, and so kept their opponents on the run wrote Joy. The Uruguayans sailed past Yugoslavia by seven clear goals, then overcame the United States by three goals to nil.

The French squad, eliminated by Uruguay

In the first round Czechoslovakia (following their decision to walk off the field in 1920) faced Switzerland and the game went into extra-time. One Czech was sent off, and the Norwegian referee had to call for order during a break. For the replay, Abegllen took the captain's duties and all was different; Switzerland winning by the single goal. Otherwise there were two surprises, the first went Egypt's way; 3-0 to the good against Hungary. The second saw Sweden defeat the reigning gold-medallists, Belgium 8-1. Oscar Verbeeck's own goal set the Swedes on their way; Sven Rydell's hat-trick the feature of the match. The Swedish outside-left Rudolf Kock (who would become chairman of the selectors in 1948 working alongside George Raynor), would have another fine game against Egypt where Sweden won 5-0. France and Holland had been similarly dominant in the first round, but Uruguay beat France 5-1 to claim a semi-final place.

The Netherlands were defeated by Uruguay at the semifinal stage

In another quarter-final Italy went out to Switzerland disputing a winner by Max Abegglen, who converted a break-away goal. The Italians protested that he had been off-side. The referee Johannes Mutters, refused to alter the decision of his linesman; a jury upheld the judgement. There was further dispute in the semi-final where Holland (coached by the former Blackburn Rovers' player William Townley) took a first half lead against Uruguay through Feyenoord's Kees Pijl. With twenty minutes to go Pedro Cea scored an equaliser and with less than ten Georges Vallat, the French referee, awarded Uruguay a penalty. FIFA reported that "the Netherlands protested the ruling of a penalty kick that turned out to be the winning goal but then Uruguay protested against the Olympic Committee's selection of a Dutch referee for the final. To appease the South Americans, the committee pulled the name of a final referee out of a hat and picked out a Frenchman, Marcel Slawick".[14] In the other semi-final between Switzerland and Sweden the Swiss prevailed.

In the final the Swiss were defeated by the Uruguayans whose two goals in the second half put paid to their opponent's ambitions, Uruguay eventually prevailing 3-0. Interest in the final had been considerable, such was the draw of the Uruguayan side; 60,000 watched and 10,000 were locked out.[15]

First round

Italy 1-0 Spain
Vallana Goal 84 (o.g.) Report
Attendance: 18,991
Referee: Marcel Slawik (FRA)

Czechoslovakia 5-2 Turkey
Sloup Goal 21
Sedlá?ek Goal 2837
Novák Goal 64
?apek Goal 74
Report Refet Goal 6382
Attendance: 4,344
Referee: P. Chr. Andersen (NOR)

Switzerland  9-0 Lithuania
Sturzenegger Goal 2436885
Dietrich Goal 14
Abegglen Goal 415058
Ramseyer Goal 63 (pen.)
Report
Attendance: 8,110
Referee: Antonio Scamoni (ITA)

Attendance: 8,110
Referee: Paul Putz (BEL)

Uruguay 7-0 Yugoslavia
Vidal Goal 20
Scarone Goal 23
Cea Goal 5080
Petrone Goal 3561
Romano Goal 58
Report
Attendance: 3,025
Referee: Georges Vallat (FRA)

Hungary 5-0 Poland
Eisenhoffer Goal 14
Hirzer Goal 5158
Opata Goal 7087
Report
Attendance: 3,578
Referee: Johannes Mutters (NED)

Second round

France 7-0 Latvia
Crut Goal 172855
Nicolas Goal 2550
Boyer Goal 7187
Report
Attendance: 5,145
Referee: Henri Christophe (BEL)

Netherlands 6-0 Romania
Hurgronje Goal 8
Pijl Goal 32526668
de Natris Goal 69 (pen.)
Report
Attendance: 1,840
Referee: Felix Herren (SUI)

Attendance: 9,157
Referee: P. Chr. Andersen (NOR)
Attendance: 5,673
Referee: Marcel Slawik (FRA)

Attendance: 1,659
Referee: A. Henriot (FRA)

Attendance: 4,254
Referee: Olivier De Ricard (FRA)

Sweden 8-1 Belgium
Kock Goal 82477
Rydell Goal 206183
Brommesson Goal 30
Keller Goal 46
Report Larnoe Goal 67
Attendance: 8,532
Referee: Heinrich Retschury (AUT)

Egypt 3-0 Hungary
Yakan Goal 458
Hegazi Goal 40
Report
Attendance: 4,371
Referee: Luis Collina (ESP)

Attendance: 10,455
Referee: Charles Barette (BEL)

Quarter-finals

France 1-5 Uruguay
Nicolas Goal 12 Report Scarone Goal 224
Petrone Goal 5868
Romano Goal 83
Attendance: 30,868
Referee: P. Chr. Andersen (NOR)

Sweden 5-0 Egypt
Kaufeldt Goal 571
Brommesson Goal 3134
Rydell Goal 49
Report
Attendance: 6,484
Referee: Henri Christophe (BEL)

Attendance: 8,359
Referee: Johannes Mutters (NED)

Attendance: 1,506
Referee: Heinrich Retschury (AUT)

Semi-finals

Switzerland  2-1 Sweden
Abegglen Goal 1577 Report Kock Goal 41
Attendance: 7,448
Referee: Mihaly Ivancsics (HUN)

Uruguay 2-1 Netherlands
Cea Goal 62
Scarone Goal 81 (pen.)
Report Pijl Goal 32
Attendance: 7,088
Referee: Georges Vallat (FRA)

Bronze medal match

Attendance: 9,915
Referee: Heinrich Retschury (AUT)

Sweden 3-1 Netherlands
Rydell Goal 3477
Lundqvist Goal 42
Report Formenoy Goal 43 (pen.)
Attendance: 40,522
Referee: Youssuf Mohamed (EGY)

Gold medal match

Uruguay 3-0  Switzerland
Petrone Goal 9
Cea Goal 65
Romano Goal 82
Report
Attendance: 40,522

Bracket

 
Round of 16Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
              
 
29 May - Paris
 
 
 Uruguay 3
 
1 June - Colombes
 
 United States 0
 
 Uruguay 5
 
27 May - Saint-Ouen
 
 France 1
 
 France 7
 
6 June - Colombes
 
 Latvia 0
 
 Uruguay 2
 
27 May - Colombes
 
 Netherlands1
 
 Netherlands 6
 
2 June - Saint-Ouen
 
 Romania 0
 
 Netherlands 2
 
28 May - Colombes
 
Republic of Ireland Irish Free State 1
 
Republic of Ireland Irish Free State 1
 
9 June - Colombes
 
 Bulgaria 0
 
 Uruguay 3
 
28 and 30 May - Paris
 
  Switzerland 0
 
  Switzerland (replay)1 (1)
 
2 June - Paris
 
 Czechoslovakia 1 (0)
 
  Switzerland 2
 
29 May - Vincennes
 
 Italy1
 
 Italy 2
 
5 June - Colombes
 
 Luxembourg 0
 
  Switzerland 2
 
29 May - Colombes
 
 Sweden 1 Third place
 
 Sweden 8
 
1 June - Vincennes8 and 9 June - Colombes
 
 Belgium 1
 
 Sweden 5  Sweden (replay)1 (3)
 
29 May - Saint-Ouen
 
 Egypt0  Netherlands 1 (1)
 
 Egypt 3
 
 
 Hungary 0
 

Final ranking

As per statistical convention in football, matches decided in extra time are counted as wins and losses, while matches decided by penalty shoot-outs are counted as draws.

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
Gold medal icon.svg  Uruguay 5 5 0 0 20 2 +18 10
Silver medal icon.svg   Switzerland 6 4 1 1 15 6 +9 9
Bronze medal icon.svg  Sweden 5 3 1 1 18 5 +13 7
4  Netherlands 5 2 1 2 11 7 +4 5
Eliminated in quarter-final
5  Italy 3 2 0 1 4 2 +2 4
6  France 2 1 0 1 8 5 +3 2
7  Ireland 2 1 0 1 2 2 +0 2
8  Egypt 2 1 0 1 3 5 -2 2
Eliminated in second round
9  Czechoslovakia 3 1 1 1 6 4 +2 3
10  Hungary 2 1 0 1 5 3 +2 2
11  United States 2 1 0 1 1 3 -2 2
12  Bulgaria 1 0 0 1 0 1 -1 0
13  Luxembourg 1 0 0 1 0 2 -2 0
14  Romania 1 0 0 1 0 6 -6 0
15  Latvia 1 0 0 1 0 7 -7 0
16  Belgium 1 0 0 1 1 8 -7 0
Eliminated in first round
17  Spain 1 0 0 1 0 1 -1 0
18  Estonia 1 0 0 1 0 1 -1 0
19  Turkey 1 0 0 1 2 5 -3 0
20  Poland 1 0 0 1 0 5 -5 0
21  Yugoslavia 1 0 0 1 0 7 -7 0
22  Lithuania 1 0 0 1 0 9 -9 0

Medalists

The Uruguayan team that won its first Gold Medal

Goalscorers

Uruguayan Pedro Petrone, topscorer with 7 goals
7 goals
6 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

Trivia

  • Sweden, surprisingly, won Bronze. Their 8-1 defeat of the reigning champions, Belgium, in the opening round is still considered one of the biggest upsets in World football by criteria laid down by ELO.[16]
  • Some of the games took place at the Vélodrome de Vincennes.
  • The lap of honour (or previously called "Olympic turn"), the celebration ritual that a champion team does after winning a tournament, was invented by the Uruguayan team after winning this Olympic title, as they wanted to salute those in attendance by running all around the athletics field.
  • Uruguay's Pedro Petrone was two days shy of his 19th birthday when he accepted his gold medal; still the youngest football gold-medallist in the history of the Games.
  • This tournament (as well as the 1928 edition) was recognised as a FIFA World Championship, a precursor of the World Cup. This is the reason why FIFA allows Uruguay to have four stars on its kit.[17]
  • Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping whose was a worker in France that time watched the final,in order to buy the ticket,he mortured his black coat.

References

  1. ^ Olympic football tournament - Paris on FIFA.com
  2. ^ "60,000 SEE URUGUAY WIN IN SOCCER FINAL - Record Olympic Crowd Present as South Americans Beat Switzerland, 3 to 0. THOUSANDS TURNED AWAY Colombes Stadium Filled to Capacity and Women Famt in Crush Outside of Gates. CONTEST IS HARD FOUGHT Swiss Play Courageously, but Defense Breaks In Second Half Before Brilliant Attack". Select.nytimes.com. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "Football at the 1924 Paris Summer Games". Sports Reference. Retrieved 2018.
  4. ^ Michael Lewis. "Henry Farrell, the man who helped the US soccer team make Olympic history | Football". The Guardian. Retrieved .
  5. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-08-19. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Tabeira, Martin, Uruguay - International Results, rsssf.com, retrieved
  7. ^ Kutschera, Ambrosius, Länderspiele Österreich 1920-1929 (in German), austriasoccer.at, retrieved
  8. ^ a b Mariani, Maurizio, Italy - International Matches 1920-1929, rsssf.com, retrieved
  9. ^ Miladinovich, Misha, Yugoslavia National Team List of Results 1920-1929, rsssf.com, retrieved
  10. ^ Garin, Erik, Switzerland - International Matches since 1905, rsssf.com, retrieved
  11. ^ Paris, 1924, fifa.com, archived from the original on 2010-06-15, retrieved
  12. ^ Said, Tarek, Egyptian International First Team Results Since 1920, egyptianfootball.net, retrieved
  13. ^ Tejedor Carnicero, José Vicente; Torre, Raúl; Di Maggio, Roberto, Spain - List of Results National Team, rsssf.com, retrieved
  14. ^ Paris, 1924, fifa.com, archived from the original on 2010-06-15, retrieved
  15. ^ "Olympics | Rio 2016 Schedule, Medals, Results & News". Olympic.org. Retrieved .[permanent dead link]
  16. ^ World Football Elo Ratings: Biggest Upsets, eloratings.net, retrieved
  17. ^ "No doubts exist. Uruguay are four time FIFA World Champions".

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