The English Football League One play-offs are a series of play-off matches, contested by the teams finishing from 3rd to 6th in the EFL League One table to determine the third spot for promotion to the second tier of English football, the Championship.
The latest team to win the League One play-offs were Wycombe Wanderers.
The record attendance for a League One play-off Final at Wembley was the 1999 final, when Manchester City played Gillingham and the attendance stood at 76,935.
|1987-1992||Football League Third Division play-offs|
|1993-2004||Football League Second Division play-offs|
|2005-2016||Football League One play-offs|
|2016-present||English Football League One play-offs|
The current system of the League One play-offs uses two semi-finals played over two legs, with 6th playing 3rd and 5th playing 4th, with the return fixtures following. The winner of each semi-final (based on the aggregate score of the first and second legs) goes forward into the play-off final. For the two-legged semi-finals, there is no away goals advantage such as those in the knock-out rounds of European competition. The Final is played at Wembley, although from 2001 to 2006, it was played at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff while Wembley was being rebuilt.
Aside from the branding changes which affected English football in 1992 and 2004, the League One play-offs have also changed in format. The last alteration occurred in 1995, when the restructuring of the league meant 2nd to 5th contested the play-offs.
When they started in 1987, the play-offs originally featured a second-tier team and three third-tier clubs. This format was continued for 1988, but discontinued afterwards. The first winners of the playoffs at this level were Swindon Town, who were promoted to the Second Division in 1987 at the expense of Gillingham, who had already condemned Sunderland to the Third Division for the first time in their history.
The final was originally held over two legs, but both the 1987 and 1988 finals went to a third match at Selhurst Park and Fellows Park respectively. In 1989, the playoffs were two-legged affairs featuring the third, fourth, fifth and sixth place teams, with Port Vale being the successful side on this occasion.
From 1990, the final has been a single-match affair, being held at Wembley, or the Millennium Stadium between 2001 and 2006, apart from the 2011 final, which was moved to Old Trafford as Wembley was in use for the Champions League Final. The first winners of the one-match final were Notts County, who went on to win the Second Division playoff final a year later.
The first team to win promotion from the third tier via the playoffs on more than one occasion were Walsall, who won promotion in 1988 and again in 2001 via this route. Peterborough United (1992 and 2011), Huddersfield Town (1995 and 2012) and Millwall (2010 and 2017) have since matched this.
|1987||Swindon Town||Gillingham||Sunderland, Wigan Athletic|
|1988||Walsall||Bristol City||Sheffield United, Notts County|
|1989||Port Vale||Bristol Rovers||Fulham, Preston North End|
|1990||Notts County||Tranmere Rovers||Bury, Bolton Wanderers|
|1991||Tranmere Rovers||Bolton Wanderers||Brentford, Bury|
|1992||Peterborough United||Stockport County||Huddersfield Town, Stoke City|
|1993||West Bromwich Albion||Port Vale||Swansea City, Stockport County|
|1994||Burnley||Stockport County||Plymouth Argyle, York City|
|1995||Huddersfield Town||Bristol Rovers||Brentford, Crewe Alexandra|
|1996||Bradford City||Notts County||Blackpool, Crewe Alexandra|
|1997||Crewe Alexandra||Brentford||Luton Town, Bristol City|
|1998||Grimsby Town||Northampton Town||Bristol Rovers, Fulham|
|1999||Manchester City||Gillingham||Preston North End, Wigan Athletic|
|2000||Gillingham||Wigan Athletic||Millwall, Stoke City|
|2001||Walsall||Reading||Stoke City, Wigan Athletic|
|2002||Stoke City||Brentford||Cardiff City, Huddersfield Town|
|2003||Cardiff City||Queens Park Rangers||Bristol City, Oldham Athletic|
|2004||Brighton & Hove Albion||Bristol City||Swindon Town, Hartlepool United|
|2005||Sheffield Wednesday||Hartlepool United||Tranmere Rovers, Brentford|
|2006||Barnsley||Swansea City||Brentford, Huddersfield Town|
|2007||Blackpool||Yeovil Town||Nottingham Forest, Oldham Athletic|
|2008||Doncaster Rovers||Leeds United||Carlisle United, Southend United|
|2009||Scunthorpe United||Millwall||Milton Keynes Dons, Leeds United|
|2010||Millwall||Swindon Town||Charlton Athletic, Huddersfield Town|
|2011||Peterborough United||Huddersfield Town||Milton Keynes Dons, Bournemouth|
|2012||Huddersfield Town||Sheffield United||Milton Keynes Dons, Stevenage|
|2013||Yeovil Town||Brentford||Sheffield United, Swindon Town|
|2014||Rotherham United||Leyton Orient||Preston North End, Peterborough United|
|2015||Preston North End||Swindon Town||Sheffield United, Chesterfield|
|2016||Barnsley||Millwall||Walsall, Bradford City|
|2017||Millwall||Bradford City||Fleetwood Town, Scunthorpe United|
|2018||Rotherham United||Shrewsbury Town||Charlton Athletic, Scunthorpe United|
|2019||Charlton Athletic||Sunderland||Doncaster Rovers, Portsmouth|
|2020||Wycombe Wanderers||Oxford United||Portsmouth, Fleetwood Town|
Note: These are only for play-offs at League One level, for overall records in the Football League play-offs see here.