|French Minister of Culture and Communications|
26 August 2014 - 11 February 2016
|Secretary of State for Foreign Trade, Tourism Promotion and French overseas|
9 April 2014 - 26 August 2014
|Nicole Bricq (Foreign Trade) |
Sylvia Pinel (Tourism)
Hélène Conway-Mouret (French overseas)
|Minister Delegate with responsibility for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises, Innovation and the Digital Economy|
16 May 2012 - 2 April 2014
|Born||29 August 1973|
Seoul, South Korea
|Alma mater||ESSEC; Sciences Po, Paris; ENA, Strasbourg|
Fleur Pellerin (French pronunciation: [floe? p?l.]; born 29 August 1973) is a French businesswoman, former civil servant and socialist politician who served as a French government minister from 2012 to 2016.
Pellerin was born in 1973 in Seoul, South Korea, where she was abandoned on the streets aged only three or four days' old before being rescued by an orphanage; six months later she was adopted by a French family. According to her adoption records she was called Kim Jong-Suk (, ), although it is unclear how she came by that name. Raised by middle-class parents -- her father, who has a doctorate in nuclear physics, is a small-business owner -- she grew up in two Paris suburbs, Montreuil and Versailles.
Pellerin graduated from ESSEC business school (Master's degree in Management) while she was just 21. She then graduated from Sciences Po (MPA) before attending the École nationale d'administration (ENA). She joined the French Court of Auditors where she rose to become a high-ranking civil servant. From 2010 to 2012, Pellerin served as president of the 21st Century Club, a French group that promotes diversity in employment.
After Hollande's election, Pellerin was appointed as with responsibility for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises, Innovation and the Digital Economy. In July 2012, she publicly announced her opposition to the sale of massive surveillance technologies causing quite a stir in French political circles since France is one of the biggest sellers of such technology. In November 2013, she implemented the creation of the French Tech label.
In August 2014, Pellerin was appointed Minister of Culture as part of the first government of Prime Minister Manuel Valls. Shortly after Pellerin was appointed Minister of Culture, the French magazine L'Express reported that she vacationed at the Corsican villa owned by film producer Pascal Breton, raising ethics questions.
In March 2015, Pellerin nominated Serge Lasvignes to head the Centre Pompidou, in a surprise choice to replace Alain Seban. Under her leadership, the French Culture Ministry made a bid in September 2015 to purchase one of a highly coveted pair of Rembrandt portraits from Éric de Rothschild for the Louvre in Paris, offering EUR80 million, or about $90 million.
In August 2016, Pellerin resigned from the French Civil Service to begin a new career in the private sector. She then became the head of Korelya Capital, an investment fund aimed at emerging technologies which benefited from a 100-million euros funding by the South Korean Naver Corporation. She also holds several other positions, including the following:
In August 2018, Pellerin was listed by UK-based company Richtopia at number 2 in the list of 100 Most Influential French Entrepreneurs.
Pellerin overcame a sense of inferiority and defeat coming from being an abandoned child with the enlightened view that "something important happens by accident."
born in Seoul in 1973, Pellerin was found on the streets of the capital when she was three or four days old and was sent to an orphanage. She was adopted six months later.