Fellowship (medicine)
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Fellowship Medicine

A Fellowship is the period of medical training, in the United States and Canada, that a physician, dentist, or veterinarian may undertake after completing a specialty training program (residency). During this time (usually more than one year), the physician is known as a fellow. Fellows are capable of acting as an attending physician or a consultant physician in the specialist field in which they were trained, such as Internal Medicine or Pediatrics. After completing a fellowship in the relevant sub-specialty, the physician is permitted to practice without direct supervision by other physicians in that sub-specialty, such as Cardiology or Oncology.

United States

In the US, the majority of fellowships are accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education ("ACGME"). There are a few programs that are not accredited, yet are actually well received, given the importance of being a Board Certified Physician in a primary specialty, where a Fellowship is often more based on research productivity.[1]

ACGME Fellowships

The following are organized based on specialty required for the fellowship.

Internal Medicine or Pediatrics

General Surgery


  • Complex General Surgical Oncology
  • Hand Surgery
  • Pediatric Surgery
  • Surgery Critical Care
  • Vascular Surgery
  • Colon and Rectal Surgery
  • Abdominal Transplant Surgery


  • Vascular Neurology
  • Endovascular Surgical Neuroradiology (Interventional Neurology)
  • Neurocritical Care
  • Clinical Neurophysiology
  • Neuroimmunology
  • Neuro-oncology
  • Neuro-ophthalmology
  • Geriatric Neurology
  • Headache Medicine
  • Sleep Medicine
  • Epilepsy
  • Neurohospitalist



  • Gynecologic Oncology
  • Maternal Fetal Medicine
  • Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery
  • Reproductive Endocrinology
  • Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery1
  • Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology1

1 Not officially recognized as a subspecialty by the American Board of Obstetrics/Gynecology or the American College of Obstetrics/Gynecologists.


  • Cornea
  • Glaucoma
  • Medical retina
  • Neuro-ophthalmology
  • Oculoplastic and reconstructive surgery
  • Oncology
  • Pathology
  • Pediatric
  • Refractive
  • Uveitis
  • Vitreoretinal surgery



  • Addiction Medicine
  • Addiction Psychiatry
  • Brain Injury Medicine
  • Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry
  • Forensic Psychiatry
  • Geriatric Psychiatry
  • Headache Medicine
  • Hospice and Palliative Medicine
  • Sleep Medicine


  • Pediatric
  • Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery


  • Hand
  • Sports Medicine
  • Pediatrics
  • Spine
  • Foot and Ankle
  • Joint replacement
  • Trauma
  • Oncology[6]


Combined fellowships

There are a number of programs offering a combined fellowship, training in two or more sub-specialties as part of a single program.

  • Pulmonary/Critical Care: this type of program is more common than Pulmonary Disease (non-combination) programs. As of 2007, there were 130 ACGME-accredited combined Pulmonary/Critical Care programs while only 25 programs for Pulmonary Disease alone.
  • Hematology/Oncology: as of 2005, there were 125 ACGME-accredited programs for Hematology-Oncology, while only 12 programs for Hematology alone and 18 for Oncology alone.
  • Geriatrics/Oncology: the American Board of Internal Medicine approved a 3-year combined fellowship training program in medical oncology and geriatrics. The John A. Hartford Foundation initially funded 10 institutions for this type of training.

See also


  1. ^ "Residencies & Fellowships - Graduate Medical Education - Stanford University School of Medicine". med.stanford.edu. Retrieved .
  2. ^ "Surgery". www.acgme.org. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "Obstetrics / Gynecology Match - The Match, National Resident Matching Program". The Match, National Resident Matching Program. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "Obstetrics and Gynecology". www.acgme.org. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "Psychiatry". www.acgme.org. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "What are the surgical specialties?". American College of Surgeons. Retrieved .

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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