Father's Day
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Father's Day

Father's Day
Josephus Laurentius Dyckmans - Paternal advice.jpg
Observed by111+ countries
TypeWorldwide
SignificanceHonors fathers and fatherhood
DateVaries per country
FrequencyAnnual
Related toChildren's Day, Siblings Day, Mother's Day, Parents' Day, Grandparents Day

Father's Day is a celebration honoring fathers and celebrating fatherhood, paternal bonds and the influence of fathers in society. In Catholic countries of Europe, it has been celebrated on March 19 (Saint Joseph's Day) since the Middle Ages. This celebration was brought by the Spanish and Portuguese to Latin America, where March 19 is often still used for it, though many countries in Europe and the Americas have adopted the U.S. date, which is the third Sunday of June. It is celebrated on various days in many parts of the world, most commonly in the months of March, April and June according to the home nation's customs. It complements similar celebrations honoring family members, such as Mother's Day, Siblings Day and Grandparents' Day.

In its modern form it was founded by Sonora Smart Dodd.[1][2][3]

History

Early history

A customary day for the celebration of fatherhood in Catholic Europe is known to date back to at least 1508. It is observed on March 19, as the feast day of Saint Joseph, who is referred to as the fatherly Nutritor Domini ("Nourisher of the Lord") in Catholicism and "the putative father of Jesus" in southern European tradition. This celebration was brought to the Americas by the Spanish and Portuguese. The Catholic Church actively supported the custom of a celebration of fatherhood on St. Joseph's Day from either the last years of the 14th century or from the early 15th century,[4] apparently on the initiative of the Franciscans.[5]

In the Coptic Church, the celebration of fatherhood is also observed on St Joseph's Day, but the Copts observe this celebration on July 20. This Coptic celebration may date back to the fifth century.[4]

In the United States

Beginnings

Father's Day was not celebrated in the US, outside Catholic traditions, until the 20th century. As a civic celebration in the US, it was inaugurated in the early 20th century to complement Mother's Day by celebrating fathers and male parenting.

During the Father's Day luncheon held at the Pacific Views Event Center, Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton

After Anna Jarvis' successful promotion of Mother's Day in Grafton, West Virginia, the first observance of a day honoring fathers was held on July 5, 1908, in Fairmont, West Virginia, in the Williams Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church South, now known as Central United Methodist Church.[6] Grace Golden Clayton was mourning the loss of her father, when in December 1907, the Monongah Mining Disaster in nearby Monongah killed 361 men, 250 of them fathers, leaving around a thousand fatherless children. Clayton suggested that her pastor Robert Thomas Webb honor all those fathers.[7][8][9][10]

Clayton's event did not have repercussions outside Fairmont for several reasons; among them were the city was overwhelmed by other events, the celebration was never promoted outside the town itself, and no proclamation of it was made by the city council. Also, two events overshadowed this event: the celebration of Independence Day July 4, 1908, with 12,000 attendants and several shows, including a hot-air balloon event, which took over the headlines in the following days, and the death of a 16-year-old girl on July 4. The local church and council were overwhelmed and they did not even think of promoting the event, and it was not celebrated again for many years. The original sermon was not reproduced by the press and it was lost. Finally, Clayton was a quiet person, who never promoted the event and never talked to other persons about it.[8][9][10]

Failed attempts at establishing a Father's Day

In 1911, Jane Addams proposed that a citywide Father's Day celebration be held in Chicago, but she was turned down.[11]

In 1912, a Father's Day celebration was held in Vancouver, Washington, suggested by Methodist pastor J.J. Berringer of the Irvington Methodist Church. They mistakenly believed that they had been the first to celebrate such a day.[6] They followed a 1911 suggestion by the Portland Oregonian.[11]

Harry C. Meek, a member of Lions Clubs International, claimed that he had first come up with the idea for Father's Day in 1915.[6][11] Meek said that the third Sunday in June was chosen because it was his birthday.[11] The Lions Club has named him the "Originator of Father's Day".[6] Meek made many efforts to promote Father's Day and make it an official holiday.[6][11]

Establishment of the holiday

On June 19, 1910, a Father's Day celebration was held at the YMCA in Spokane, Washington, by Sonora Smart Dodd.[12][13] Her father, the civil war veteran William Jackson Smart, was a single parent who raised his six children there.[12] She was also a member of Old Centenary Presbyterian Church (now Knox Presbyterian Church),[14] where she first proposed the idea. After hearing a sermon about Jarvis' Mother's Day in 1909 at Central Methodist Episcopal Church, she told her pastor that fathers should have a similar holiday to honor them.[12] Although she initially suggested June 5, her father's birthday, the pastors did not have enough time to prepare their sermons, and the celebration was deferred to the third Sunday in June.[6][11] Several local clergymen accepted the idea, and on June 19, 1910, the first Father's Day, "sermons honoring fathers were presented throughout the city".[15]

Bangladeshi father with son and daughter

However, in the 1920s, Dodd stopped promoting the celebration because she was studying at the Art Institute of Chicago, and it faded into relative obscurity, even in Spokane.[16] In the 1930s, Dodd returned to Spokane and started promoting the celebration again, raising awareness at a national level.[17] She had the help of those trade groups that would benefit most from the holiday, for example the manufacturers of ties, tobacco pipes, and any traditional presents for fathers.[18] By 1938, she had the help of the Father's Day Council, founded by the New York Associated Men's Wear Retailers to consolidate and systematize the holiday's commercial promotion.[19] Americans resisted the holiday for its first few decades, viewing it as nothing more than an attempt by merchants to replicate the commercial success of Mother's Day, and newspapers frequently featured cynical and sarcastic attacks and jokes.[20] However, the said merchants remained resilient and even incorporated these attacks into their advertisements.[21] By the mid-1980s, the Father's Day Council wrote, "(...) [Father's Day] has become a Second Christmas for all the men's gift-oriented industries."[22]

Father's Day in Deventer, Netherlands

A bill to accord national recognition of the holiday was introduced in Congress in 1913.[23] In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson went to Spokane to speak at a Father's Day celebration[24] and he wanted to make it an officially recognized federal holiday, but Congress resisted, fearing that it would become commercialized.[25] US president Calvin Coolidge recommended in 1924 that the day be observed throughout the entire nation, but he stopped short at issuing a national proclamation.[24] Two earlier attempts to formally recognize the holiday had been defeated by Congress.[24][26] In 1957, Maine senator Margaret Chase Smith wrote a Father's Day proposal accusing Congress of ignoring fathers for 40 years while honoring mothers, thus "[singling] out just one of our two parents".[26] In 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson issued the first presidential proclamation honoring fathers, designating the third Sunday in June as Father's Day.[25] Six years later, the day was made a permanent national holiday when President Richard Nixon signed it into law in 1972.[24][25][26][27]

In addition to Father's Day, International Men's Day is celebrated in many countries on November 19 in honor of men and boys.

Spelling

In the United States, Dodd used the "Fathers' Day" spelling on her original petition for the holiday,[12] but the spelling "Father's Day" was already used in 1913 when a bill was introduced to the U.S. Congress as the first attempt to establish the holiday,[23] and it was still spelled the same way when its creator was commended in 2008 by the U.S. Congress.[28]

Dates around the world

The officially recognized date of Father's Day varies from country to country. This section lists some significant examples, in order of date of observance.

Gregorian calendar
Occurrence Dates Country

February/March (Full Moon Day of Tabaung)

February 23

 Myanmar (Father's Day)

 Russia (Defender of the Fatherland Day[29])

 Belarus (Defender of the Fatherland Day)

March 18

 Mongolia
March 19

May 7

 Kazakhstan

May 8

 South Korea (Parents' Day)

Second Sunday in May

May 13, 2018
May 12, 2019
May 10, 2020

 Romania[32] (Ziua Tat?lui)

Third Sunday in May

May 20, 2018
May 19, 2019
May 17, 2020

 Tonga

Ascension Day

May 10, 2018
May 30, 2019
May 21, 2020

 Germany

First Sunday in June

Jun 3, 2018
Jun 2, 2019
Jun 7, 2020

 Lithuania (T?vo diena)
  Switzerland

June 5

 Denmark[33] (also Constitution Day)

Second Sunday in June

Jun 10, 2018
Jun 9, 2019
Jun 14, 2020

 Austria
 Belgium

June 12  Bulgaria

Third Sunday in June

Jun 17, 2018
Jun 16, 2019
Jun 21, 2020
Jun 20, 2021

June 17

June 21

 Egypt
 Jordan
 Kosovo
 Lebanon
 Syria
 United Arab Emirates

June 23

Last Sunday in June

Jun 24, 2018
Jun 30, 2019
Jun 28, 2020

 Haiti

Second Sunday in July

Jul 8, 2018
Jul 14, 2019
Jul 12, 2020

 Uruguay

Last Sunday in July

Jul 29, 2018
Jul 28, 2019
Jul 26, 2020

 Dominican Republic

August 8

 Taiwan

Second Sunday in August

Aug 12, 2018
Aug 11, 2019
Aug 9, 2020

 Brazil
 Samoa

Last Monday in August

Aug 27, 2018
Aug 26, 2019
Aug 31, 2020

 South Sudan

First Sunday in September

Sep 2, 2018
Sep 1, 2019
Sep 6, 2020

Second Sunday in September

Sep 9, 2018
Sep 8, 2019
Sep 13, 2020

 Latvia

First Sunday in October

Oct 7, 2018
Oct 6, 2019
Oct 4, 2020

 Luxembourg

Second Sunday in November

Nov 11, 2018
Nov 10, 2019
Nov 8, 2020

November 12

 Indonesia

December 5

 Thailand (The birthday of King Bhumibol)[49]

Hindu calendar
Definition Sample dates Country/territory

Bhadrapada Amavasya
(Gokarna Aunsi)

Between August 30 and September 30

   Nepal[50]

Islamic calendar
Occurrence Sample dates Country/territory

13 Rajab, Ali Ibn Abi Talib birthday

April 21, 2016
April 10, 2017

 Iran
 Kuwait
 Bahrain
 Iraq
 Oman
 Qatar
 Egypt
 Yemen
 Syria
 Somalia
 Sudan
 Mauritania

*Officially, as the name suggests, the holiday celebrates people who are serving or were serving the Russian Armed Forces (both men and women). But the congratulations are traditionally, nationally accepted by all fathers, other adult men and male children as well.
**There is no official Father's Day of the P.R. China. During the Republican period prior to 1949, Father's Day on August 8 was first celebrated in Shanghai in 1945.

International history and traditions

Roman Catholic tradition

In the Roman Catholic tradition, Fathers are celebrated on Saint Joseph's Day, commonly called the Feast of Saint Joseph, March 19, though in certain countries Father's Day has become a secular celebration.[51] It is also common for Catholics to honor their "spiritual father," their parish priest, on Father's Day.[52]

Africa

Algeria

In Algeria, the third Sunday in June is the dedicated day to celebrate the Father's Day.

Kenya

In Kenya, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday.

Morocco

In Morocco, the third Sunday in June is the dedicated day to celebrate the Father's Day.

Mozambique

While Mozambique recognizes International Fathers' Day on June 16 in most small towns they consider Father's day to be just about every Friday.

Seychelles

In Seychelles, Father's Day is celebrated on June 16 and is not a public holiday.[53]

South Africa

In South Africa, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June. It is not a public holiday.

South Sudan

In South Sudan, Father's Day is celebrated on the last Monday of August. President Salva Kiir Mayardit proclaimed it before August 27, 2012. First celebrated on August 27, 2012, Father's Day was not celebrated in South Sudan in 2011 (due to the country's independence).

Sudan

In Sudan, Father's Day ( ?), is celebrated on the twenty-first of June.

Asia

China (PRC)

In the People's Republic of China, there is no official Father's Day. Some people celebrate on the third Sunday of June, according to the tradition of the United States.

Father's Day is also celebrated in the special administrative regions. In Hong Kong, it is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. In Macau, Father's Day (Dia do Pai) is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday.

India

Father's Day [[Kannada? (Appandira Dina),? ][(Telugu )], Tamil: Thanthaiyar Thinam, ]celebrated in all of India. But is observed the third Sunday of June by mostly westernized urban centers. The event is not a public holiday. The day is usually celebrated only in bigger cities of India like Hyderabad, Chennai, Mumbai, New Delhi, Kanpur, Bengaluru, Kolkata, Pune and others. After this day was first observed in the United States in 1908 and gradually gained popularity,[54] Indian metropolitan cities, much later, followed suit by recognising this event. In India, the day is usually celebrated with children giving gifts like greeting cards, electronic gadgets, shirts, coffee mugs or books to their fathers.

Indonesia

In Indonesia, Father's Day is celebrated on November 12 and is not a public holiday. Father's Day in Indonesia was first declared in 2006 in Solo City Hall attended by hundreds of people from various community groups, including people from community of inter-religion communication. Because of its recent declaration, there is not very much hype about the celebration, compared to the celebration of Mother's Day on December 22.

Israel

In Israel, Father's Day is usually celebrated on May 1 together with Workers' Day or Labour Day.[]

Japan

In Japan, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday.

Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan continues the Soviet Union's tradition of celebrating Defender of the Fatherland Day instead of Father's Day like in Russia and other former soviet countries. It is usually called "Man's Day" and it is considered equivalent of Father's Day. It is celebrated on May 7.

Korea (North and South)

In South Korea, Parents' day (Korean: ?) is celebrated on May 8 and is not a public holiday.

Malaysia

In Malaysia, Father's Day falls on the third Sunday of June.

Mongolia

The Mongolian Men's Association began the celebration of Father's Day on 8 August since 2005.

Nepal

The Newar population (natives of Kathmandu valley) in Nepal honors fathers on the day of kusa aunsi, which occurs in late August or early September, depending on the year, since it depends on the lunar calendar. The Western-inspired celebration of Father's Day that was imported into the country is always celebrated on the same day as Gokarna Aunsi.

The rest of the population has also begun to celebrate the Gokarna Aunsi day[55] It is commonly known as Abu ya Khwa Swoyegu in Nepal Bhasa or Buwaako mukh herne din ( ) in Nepali (literally "day for looking at father's face").[50][56] On the new moon day (Amavasya) it is traditional to pay respect to one's deceased father; Hindus go to the Shiva temple of Gokarneswor Mahadev, in Gokarna, a suburb of Kathmandu[57] while Buddhists go to Jan Bahal (Seto Machhendranath or white Tara) temple in Kathmandu.

Traditionally, in the Kathmandu Valley, the south-western corner is reserved for women and women-related rituals, and the north-eastern is for men and men-related rituals. The worship place for Mata Tirtha Aunsi ("Mother Pilgrimage New Moon") is located in Mata Tirtha in the south-western half of the valley, while the worship place for Gokarna Aunsi is located in the north-eastern half. This division is reflected in many aspects of the life in the Kathmandu Valley.[58]

Pakistan

Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June. The Rutgers WPF launched a campaign titled 'Greening Pakistan – Promoting Responsible Fatherhood' on Father's Day (Sunday June 18, 2017) across Pakistan to promote active fatherhood and responsibility for the care and upbringing of children.[59][60] Father's Day is not a public holiday in Pakistan.

Philippines

In the Philippines, Father's Day is officially celebrated every third Sunday of June according to a recent presidential proclamation,[61] but it is not a public holiday. It is more widely observed by the public on the 3rd Sunday of June perhaps due to American influence and as proclaimed in 1988 by Philippine President Corazon Aquino.[62]

Under Proclamation No. 58, series of 1998, issued by then Philippine President Joseph Ejercito Estrada, the first Monday of December of every year was designated as Mother's Day and Father's Day. This Proclamation expressly repealed Proclamation No. 266, series of 1988 issued by the late Pres. Corazon Cojuangco-Aquino.

Singapore

In Singapore, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June but is not a public holiday.

Sri Lanka

Father's Day (in Sinhala: Piyawarunge dhinaya, ? ? & in Tamil: Thanthaiyar Thinam, ), is observed on the third Sunday of June. It is not a public holiday. Many schools hold special events to honor fathers.

Taiwan

In Taiwan, Father's Day is not an official holiday, but is widely observed on August 8, the eighth day of the eighth month of the year. In Mandarin Chinese, the pronunciation of the number eight is b?, and the pronunciation is very similar to the character "?" "bà", which means "Pa" or "dad". The eighth day of the eighth month (b?-b?) is a pun for dad ( or "bàba"). The Taiwanese, therefore, sometimes refer to August 8 as "B?b? Holiday" as a pun for "Dad's Holiday" () or the more formal "Father's Day" ().

Thailand

In Thailand, the birthday of the king, is set as Father's Day.[49] December 5 is the birthday of the late king Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX). Traditionally, Thais celebrate by giving their father or grandfather a canna flower ( Dok Buddha Raksa), which is considered a masculine flower; however, this is not as commonly practiced today. Thai people will wear yellow on this day to show respect for the late king, because yellow is the color of the day for Monday, the day King Bhumibol Adulyadej was born. Thais flood the Sanam Luang, a massive park in front of the palace, to watch the king give his annual speech, and often stay until the evening, when there is a national ceremony. Thais will light candles and show respect to the king by declaring their faith. This ceremony happens in almost every village in Thailand, and even overseas at Thai organizations.

It first gained nationwide popularity in the 1980s as part of a campaign by Prime Minister Prem Tinsulanonda to promote Thailand's royal family.[49]Mother's Day is celebrated on the birthday of Queen Sirikit,[49] August 12.

Turkey

In Turkey, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday in June and is not a public holiday.

United Arab Emirates

In the United Arab Emirates, Father's Day is celebrated on June 21, generally coinciding with midsummer's day.

Europe

Austria

In Austria, Father's Day is celebrated on the second Sunday of June and it is not a public holiday.

Belgium

In Belgium, Father's Day is celebrated on the second Sunday of June and it is not a public holiday. Except for Antwerp, where it's celebrated on March 19.

Croatia

In Croatia, according to the Roman Catholic tradition, fathers are celebrated on Saint Joseph's Day (Dan svetog Josipa), March 19. It is not a public holiday.

Denmark

In Denmark, Father's Day (Fars dag) is celebrated on June 5.[33] It coincides with Constitution Day.

Estonia

In Estonia, Father's day ("Isadepäev") is celebrated on the second Sunday of November. It is an established flag day and a national holiday.

Finland

In Finland, Father's Day (Isänpäivä, Fars dag) is celebrated on the second Sunday of November. It is an established flag day.

France

In France lighter manufacturer "Flaminaire" introduced the idea of father's day first in 1949 for commercial reasons. Director "Marcel Quercia" wanted to sell their lighter in France. In 1950, they introduced "la Fête des Pères", which would take place every third Sunday of June (following the American example). Their slogan « Nos papas nous l'ont dit, pour la fête des pères, ils désirent tous un Flaminaire » (Our daddies told us, for father's day, they all want a Flaminaire). In 1952, the holiday was officially decreed. A national father's day committee was set up to give a prize for fathers that deserved it most (originally, candidates were nominated by the social services of each town hall's/mayor's office); This complements "la Fête des Mères" (Mother's day) which was made official in France in 1928 and added to the calendar in Vichy in 1941.

Germany

Hiking tour on father's day with smaller wagons.

In Germany, Father's Day (Vatertag) is celebrated differently from other parts of the world.[63] It is always celebrated on Ascension Day (the Thursday forty days after Easter), which is a federal holiday. Regionally, it is also called men's day, Männertag, or gentlemen's day, Herrentag. It is a tradition for groups of males (young and old but usually excluding pre-teenage boys) to do a hiking tour with one or more smaller wagons, Bollerwagen, pulled by manpower. In the wagons are wine or beer bottles (according to the region) and traditional regional food, Hausmannskost. Many men use this holiday as an opportunity to get drunk.[63] According to the Federal Statistical Office of Germany, alcohol-related traffic accidents multiply by three on this day.[64] The tradition of Father's Day is especially prevalent in Eastern Germany.[63]

These traditions are probably rooted in Christian Ascension Day's processions to the farmlands, which has been celebrated since the 18th century.[65][66] Men would be seated in a wooden cart and carried to the village's plaza, and the mayor would award a prize to the father who had the most children, usually a big piece of ham.[65] In the late 19th century the religious component was progressively lost, especially in urban areas such as Berlin, and groups of men organized walking excursions with beer and ham.[65] By the 20th century, alcohol consumption had become a major part of the tradition.[65][67] Many people will take the following Friday off at work, and some schools are closed on that Friday as well; many people then use the resulting four-day-long weekend for a short vacation.

Hungary

In Hungary, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday.

Ireland

In Ireland, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday.

Italy

In Italy, according to the Roman Catholic tradition, Father's Day is celebrated on Saint Joseph's Day, commonly called the Feast of Saint Joseph (Festa di San Giuseppe), March 19. It was a public holiday until 1977.

Latvia

In Latvia, Father's Day (T?vu diena) is celebrated on the second Sunday of September and is not a public holiday. In Latvia people did not always celebrate this day because of the USSR's influence with its own holidays. This day in Latvia was 'officially born' in 2008 when it was celebrated and marked in the calendar for the first time on September 14 (second September Sunday) to promote the idea that man as the father must be satisfied and proud of his family and children, also, the father is important to gratitude and loving words from his family for devoted to continuous altruistic concerns. Because this day is new to the country it does not have established unique traditions, but people borrow ideas from other country's Father's Day traditions to congratulate fathers in Latvia.

Lithuania

In Lithuania, Father's Day (T?vo diena) is celebrated on the first Sunday of June and is a public holiday.

Malta

Malta has followed the international trend and celebrates Father's Day on the third Sunday in June. As in the case of Mother's Day, the introduction of Father's Day celebrations in Malta was encouraged by Frans H Said (Uncle Frans of the children's radio programmes). The first mention of Father's Day was in June 1977,[68] and the day is now part of the local events calendar. (The Times of Malta 11 June 2017) ( Il-Mument - Maltese newspaper- 18 June 2017)

Netherlands

In the Netherlands (including its constituent countries in the Caribbean), Father's Day (Vaderdag) is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. Traditionally, as on Mother's Day, fathers get breakfast in bed made by their children and families gather together and have dinner, usually at the grandparents' house. In recent years, families also started having dinner out, and as on Mother's Day, it is one of the busiest days for restaurants. At school, children handcraft presents for their fathers. Consumer goods companies have all sorts of special offers for fathers: socks, ties, electronics, suits, and men's healthcare products.

Norway

In Norway, Father's day (Farsdag), is celebrated on the second Sunday of November. It is not a public holiday.

Poland

In Poland, Father's Day (in Polish: Dzie? Ojca) is celebrated on June 23 and is not a public holiday.

Portugal

Father's Day (Dia do Pai) is celebrated on March 19 (see Roman Catholic tradition below) in Portugal. It is not a bank holiday.

Romania

The Law instituting the Father's day celebration in Romania passed on September 29, 2009 and stated that Father's day will be celebrated annually on the second Sunday of May. First time it was celebrated on May 9th 2010. This year it will be celebrated on 12 May 2019. The next dates this celebration will take place are: 10 May 2020, 9 May 2021, 8 May 2022, 14 May 2023, 12 May 2024, 11 May 2025 and 10 May 2026. .[32]

Russia

Russia continues the Soviet Union's tradition of celebrating Defender of the Fatherland Day on 23 February. It is usually called "Man's Day" and it is considered the Russian equivalent of Father's Day.[29]

Slovakia

In Slovakia, Father's Day (In slovak: de? otcov) is celebrated on the third Sunday of June. It is not a public holiday.

Spain

Father's Day, El Día del Padre, is observed on the feast day of Saint Joseph, which is March 19.[69] It is celebrated as a public holiday in some regions of Spain.[70]

Sweden

In Sweden, Father's day (Fars dag), is celebrated on the second Sunday of November, but is not a public holiday.

United Kingdom

A Royal Navy Officer hugs his daughter after returning from a long deployment on HMS Chiddingfold

In the United Kingdom, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June.[45] The day does not have a long tradition; The English Year (2006) states that it entered British popular culture "sometime after the Second World War, not without opposition".[71]

Ukraine

In Ukraine, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June.

North America

Canada

In Canada, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. Father's Day typically involves spending time with one's father or the father figures in one's life. Small family gatherings and the giving of gifts may be part of the festivities organized for Father's Day.

Costa Rica

In Costa Rica, the Unidad Social Cristiana party presented a bill to change the celebration of Father's Day from the third Sunday of June to March 19, the day of Saint Joseph.[72] That was to give tribute to this saint, who gave his name to the capital of the country San José, Costa Rica, so family heads will be able to celebrate Father's Day at the same time as the Feast of Saint Joseph the Worker.[36] The official date is still the third Sunday of June.

Haiti

In Haiti, Father's Day (Fête des peres) is celebrated on the last Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. Fathers are recognized and celebrated on this day with cards, gifts, breakfast, lunch brunch or early Sunday dinner; whether enjoying the day at the beach or mountains, spending family time or doing favourite activities.

Children exclaim "bonne fête papa", while everyone wishes all fathers "bonne Fête des Pères". (Happy Father's Day)

Mexico

In Mexico, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday.

Trinidad and Tobago

In Trinidad and Tobago, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday in June and is not a public holiday.

United States

In the US, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June.[73] Typically, families gather to celebrate the father figures in their lives. In recent years, retailers have adapted to the holiday by promoting greeting cards and gifts such as electronics and tools. Schools (if in session) and other children's programs commonly have activities to make Father's Day gifts.[]

Oceania

Australia

In Australia, Father's Day is celebrated on the first Sunday of September, which is the first Sunday of spring in Australia, and is not a public holiday. At school, children often handcraft a present for their fathers. Consumer goods companies have all sorts of special offers for fathers: socks, ties, electronics, suits, and men's healthcare products. Most families present fathers with gifts and cards, and share a meal to show appreciation, much like Mother's Day.

YMCA Victoria continues the tradition of honouring the role fathers and father figures play in parenting through the annual awarding of Local Community Father of the Year in 32 municipalities in Victoria. The Father's Day Council of Victoria annually recognises fathers in the Father of the Year Award.[74]

New Zealand

In New Zealand, Fathers' Day is celebrated on the first Sunday of September and it is not a public holiday. Fathers' Day was first observed at St Matthew's Church, Auckland on 14 July 1929[75] and first appeared in commercial advertising the following year.[76] By 1931 other churches had adopted the day and in 1935 much of Australia moved to mark the day at the beginning of September.[77] New Zealand followed this, with a Wellington advert in 1937[78] and a Christchurch Salvation Army service in 1938.[79]

Samoa and American Samoa

In Samoa, Father's Day is celebrated on the second Sunday in August, and is a recognised national holiday on the Monday following.

South America

Argentina

Father's Day in Argentina is celebrated on the third Sunday of June.

Attempts have been made to change the date to August 24, to commemorate the day on which the "Father of the Nation", José de San Martín. became a father.[34] In 1953, the proposal to celebrate Father's Day in all educational establishments on August 24, in honor of José de San Martín, was raised to the General Direction of Schools of Mendoza Province. The day was celebrated for the first time in 1958, on the third Sunday of June, but it was not included in the school calendars due to pressure from several groups.[80]

Schools in the Mendoza Province continued to celebrate Father's Day on August 24, and in 1982, the provincial governor passed a law declaring Father's Day in the province to be celebrated on that day.[80]

In 2004, a proposal to change the date to August 24 was presented to the Argentine Chamber of Deputies as a single, unified project.

Brazil

In Brazil Father's Day (Dia dos Pais, in Portuguese) is celebrated three months after Mother's Day, on the second Sunday of August. Publicist Sylvio Bhering picked the day in honor of Saint Joachim, patron of fathers. While it is not an official holiday (see Public holidays in Brazil), it is widely observed and typically involves spending time with and giving gifts to one's father or father figure.

Colombia

In Colombia, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June.

Peru

In Peru, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. People usually give a present to their fathers and spend time with him mostly during a family meal.

Venezuela

In Venezuela, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. Traditionally, as on Mother's Day, families gather together and have lunch, usually at the grandparents' house. In recent years, families also started having lunch out, and as on Mother's Day, it is one of the busiest days for restaurants. At school, children handcraft their present for their fathers. Consumer goods companies have all sorts of special offers for fathers: electronics, suits, and men's healthcare products.

See also

References

  1. ^ "TIME.com Print Page: TIME Magazine - Does Fatherhood Make You Happy?". Wjh.harvard.edu. June 11, 2006. Archived from the original on December 12, 2011. Retrieved 2012.
  2. ^ "Father's Day". Melrosemirror.media.mit.edu. Archived from the original on August 6, 2011. Retrieved 2012.
  3. ^ "Sonora Louise Smart Dodd" (PDF). Spokane Regional Convention & Visitor Bureau. February 19, 2010. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ a b Emily, Jan (June 20, 2015). "For Father's Day, 15 Images of Awesome Dads". National Geographic.
  5. ^ Peter, Kirwin. "Happy Father's Day From This Father To All Fathers". Franciscan Renewal Center.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Myers, 1972, p. 185
  7. ^ Butler, Joey. "Father's Day has Methodist ties". The United Methodist Church. Retrieved 2014. On July 5, 1908, a Father's Day sermon was preached at Williams Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church, South, thanks to the efforts of Grace Golden Clayton. In December 1907, a terrible mine explosion in nearby Monongah claimed the lives of more than 360 men. Most of them had families, and the tragedy left 1,000 children fatherless. Clayton was distraught by the thought of all those children growing up without a father's guidance, and she wanted to do something to honor the importance of fatherhood. She asked her pastor to set aside a special day to commemorate fathers. She chose the Sunday closest to the birthday of her late father, also a Methodist preacher. Clayton chose the Sunday nearest the birthday of her father, Methodist minister Fletcher Golden.
  8. ^ a b Smith, Vicki (June 15, 2003). "The first Father's Day". The Journal. Retrieved 2006.
  9. ^ a b Barth, Kelly (June 21, 1987). "First Father's Day service in 1908". Dominion Post (Morgantown, West Virginia). Retrieved 2006.
  10. ^ a b Reverend D.D. Meighen (June 5, 1908). "The First Father's Day Service occurred in Fairmont, West Virginia, on July 5, 1908, at Williams Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church". Retrieved 2010.
  11. ^ a b c d e f Larossa, 1997. pp. 172-173
  12. ^ a b c d Schmidt, 1997, p. 276.
  13. ^ "Father's Day (United States)". Archived from the original on July 1, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  14. ^ "Father's Day Turns 100 Years Old" (PDF). Spokane Regional Convention & Visitor Bureau. June 8, 2010. Retrieved 2016.
  15. ^ Butler, Joey. "Father's Day has Methodist ties". The United Methodist Church. Retrieved 2014. In 1909 in Spokane, Wash., Sonora Smart Dodd listened to a Mother's Day sermon at Central Methodist Episcopal Church. Dodd's own mother had died 11 years earlier, and her father had raised their six children alone. Dodd felt moved to honor her father, and fathers everywhere, with a special day, as well. She proposed her idea to local religious leaders, and it gained wide acceptance. June 19, 1910, was designated as the first Father's Day, and sermons honoring fathers were preached throughout the city.
  16. ^ Schmidt, 1997. p. 278
  17. ^ Schmidt, 1997. p. 279
  18. ^ Schmidt, 1997. pp. 275, 283-284, 286, 288, 290, 292
  19. ^ Schmidt, 1997. p. 275, 288-290
  20. ^ Schmidt, 1997. pp. 280-283; Larossa, 1997. p. 174
  21. ^ Schmidt, 1997. pp. 283-290
  22. ^ Schmidt, 1997. p. 286
  23. ^ a b "Father to have his day". The New York Times. October 3, 1913. (...) a bill providing that "The first Sunday in June in each and every year hereafter be designated as Father's Day (...)"
  24. ^ a b c d Myers, 1972. pp. 186-187
  25. ^ a b c Nicholas K. Geranios (Associated Press) (June 17, 2007), "Father's Day - The un-Spokane history of Father's Day", HamptonRoads.com
  26. ^ a b c "Father Finally Granted A Day", Nashua Telegraph, part of The Telegraph, June 18, 1977
  27. ^ Schmidt, 1997. pp. 275-276
  28. ^ "H. RES. 1274. Commending Sonora Smart Dodd for her contribution in recognizing the importance of Father's Day and recognizing the important role fathers play in our families". Library of Congress. June 12, 2008.
  29. ^ a b Robert A. Saunders, Vlad Strukov (2010), Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation, Historical Dictionaries of Europe, Historical dictionaries of French history, 78 (illustrated ed.), Scarecrow Press, p. 246, ISBN 9780810854758
  30. ^ "19. o?ujka - dan kad se slave o?evi" (in Croatian). dalje.com. Archived from the original on March 20, 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  31. ^ "Se instituye el Día del Padre, Decreto Número 13" (in Spanish). February 9, 1960. Archived from the original on August 9, 2007. Retrieved 2008.
  32. ^ a b "Romania Celebrates Father's Day on Second Sunday of May". Bucharest: mediafax.ro. May 4, 2010. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved 2010.
  33. ^ a b "Fars Dag" (in Danish). Dansk Historisk Fællesråd. Archived from the original on August 4, 2016. Retrieved 2010.
  34. ^ a b "Argentina, el origen del Día del Padre, ayer Google en español lo tuvo en su Portal". June 16, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  35. ^ "Días Nacionales en Chile". feriadoschilenos.cl.
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  38. ^ "Guernsey Dairy Father's Day Half Marathon 2019 - Guernsey Athletics".
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  64. ^ "Der Tag der gefragten Väter", Tiroler Tageszeitung (in German), June 9, 2013, Bei unseren deutschen Nachbarn ist der Vatertag - der dort zu Christi Himmelfahrt gefeiert wird - nicht von Ausflügen mit der Familie oder kleinen Geschenken der Kinder gekennzeichnet, sondern von einer Lokaltour in feucht-fröhlicher Männerrunde. Laut dem Statistischen Bundesamt gibt es an diesem Tag auch durchschnittlich dreimal so viele durch Alkohol bedingte Verkehrsunfälle als an anderen Tagen.
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  77. ^ "27 Aug 1935 – "Father's Day" – September 1". Trove. Retrieved 2016.
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  80. ^ a b "Sesiones ordinarias 2004 Orden del día n°1798: Día del Padre. Institúyese como tal el día 24 de agosto de cada año". Cámara de Diputados de la Nación. November 7, 2008. Retrieved 2008. la presión de diversos grupos determinó el "olvido" de incluir esta disposición en el calendario escolar a partir de 1957, y la omisión fue aprovechada para imponer el tercer domingo de junio como el Día del Padre norteamericano, en homenaje a mister John Bruce Dodd (...) instituir el día 24 de agosto como el destinado a la celebración del Día del Padre en homenaje al general José de San Martín, padre de la patria.

Bibliography

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