Faro District
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Faro District
Faro District
Coat of arms of Faro District
Coat of arms
LocalDistritoFaro.svg
CountryPortugal
RegionAlgarve
Historical provinceAlgarve
No. of municipalities16
No. of parishes84
CapitalFaro
Area
 o Total4,960 km2 (1,920 sq mi)
Population
 o Total458,734
 o Density92/km2 (240/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codePT-08
No. of parliamentary representatives9

Faro District (Portuguese: Distrito de Faro ['fa?u] ) is the southernmost district of Portugal, coincident with the Algarve. The administrative centre, or capital, is the city of Faro.

Municipalities

The district is composed of 16 municipalities:

Cities

Villages

History

Pre-Roman Times

In Pre-Roman Portugal it was inhabited by the Cynetes (or Conii), a people (formed by several tribes) of linguistic and ethnic affiliation possibly Celtic or Iberian, whose territory included the modern area of the Beja District. This former territory of the Cysteines ran from the mouth of the Mira River all the way to the Guadiana River. It is possible that they were related to the Tartessos (people whose linguistic and ethnic affiliation is also not yet fully known or determined), but were not the same people.[1]

Roman Times

Roman baths at Praia da Luz, Lagos.

Before the definitive integration of the canons into the Roman Empire, during the period from about 200 BC to 141 BC they were under strong Roman influence but enjoyed a high degree of autonomy. In part, due to the favorably relationship with the Romans, the colonies had some conflicts with the Lusitanians who, under the leadership of Caucenus, the Lusitanian leader before Viriathus, had conquered their territory for some time, including the capital, Conistorgis (whose location is still not known, but is thought to be in modern-day Faro or Castro Marim) in 153BC. Partly due to this conflict with the Portuguese (and partly due to the cultural influence of Mediterranean civilizations), unlike many pre-Roman peoples of Portugal, they were allies of the Romans for some time and not their opponents, differing from the attitude of most of the other peoples, such as the Lusitanians who were strong opponents of the Romans.

Nevertheless, a while later, in the context of the Lusitanian Wars, in the year of 141BC, the Conidia revolted against the Roman Empire, along with the Turduli of Beturia (also called betures), but were quickly defeated by Quintus Fabius Maximus Servilianus, a Roman proconsul, and was definitively integrated into the Roman Empire.

Barbarian Era

Despite being conquered by the so-called barbarian peoples (Vandals, Alans, Suebi, and later Visigoths) at the time of Barbarian migrations or invasions, Roman culture and Christianity remained there for a period of time. In the year 552, the current area of Algarve was regained by the Eastern Roman Empire or Byzantine Empire (then governed by Emperor Justinian I), and appointed a government that lasted till the year 571, when King Liuvigild conquered it for the Visigothic Kingdom.

Fauna

The Cape St. Vincent is situated in a route of migrating birds, allowing for the seasonal observation of the variety of bird life.

The subsoil of the district is inhabited by several endemic species unique to Faro, some still just being discovered.[2] The most emblematic species of the underground fauna of the Algarve are the giant pseudo-scorpion of the Algarve caves (Titanobochica magna)[3] and the largest terrestrial cave insect in Europe, Squamatinia algharbica.[4]

Summary of votes and seats won 1976-2019

e o d Summary of election results from Faro district, 1976-2019
Parties % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S % S
1976 1979 1980 1983 1985 1987 1991 1995 1999 2002 2005 2009 2011 2015 2019
PS 44.6 6 34.0 3 34.7 4 43.2 5 22.3 2 24.9 3 31.2 3 49.6 5 48.4 5 40.5 4 49.3 6 31.9 3 23.0 2 32.8 4 36.8 5
PSD 19.3 2 In AD 23.1 2 28.4 3 46.7 5 50.8 5 29.2 3 29.5 3 37.7 4 24.6 2 26.2 3 37.0 4 In PàF 22.3 3
CDS-PP 6.8 7.4 6.1 3.1 2.8 8.3 7.3 8.3 5.8 10.7 1 12.7 1 3.8
PCP/APU/CDU 14.5 1 20.3 2 16.7 1 18.6 2 15.4 2 10.9 1 7.2 7.8 8.3 6.3 6.9 7.8 8.6 1 8.7 1 7.1
AD 34.6 4 37.2 4
PRD 20.5 2 6.3
BE 2.3 2.8 7.7 15.3 1 8.2 1 14.1 1 12.3 1
PàF 31.5 3
Total seats 9 8 9
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições

See also

Notes

  1. ^ AAVV. (1963). "Algarve" in Portuguese-Brazilian Encyclopedia of Culture . Lisbon: Editorial Verbo. 1963.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Another new species for the Algarve. Bruno Filipe Pires. Archived from the original on 2012-05-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "[1]".
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Europe's largest underground insect is from the Algarve. Teresa Firmino. Archived from the original on 2012-06-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Coordinates: 37°00?54?N 7°56?06?W / 37.01500°N 7.93500°W / 37.01500; -7.93500


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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