Left-Nordic Green Left
|European parliamentary group|
|Name||European United Left-Nordic Green Left|
|Formal name||Confederal Group of the European United Left/Nordic Green Left|
Democratic socialism (majority)|
|European parties||Party of the European Left, European Anti-Capitalist Left|
|Associated organisations||Nordic Green Left Alliance|
|From||6 January 1995|
|Preceded by||European United Left|
Alonso José Puerta (1999-2004),|
Francis Wurtz (2004-09)
Lothar Bisky (2009-12)
Gabriele Zimmer (2012-present)
European United Left-Nordic Green Left (French: Gauche unitaire européenne, GUE-NGL) is a left-wing political group in the European Parliament, established in 1995. The group comprises political parties of socialist and communist orientation.
According to its 1994 constituent declaration, the group is opposed to the present European Union political structure, but committed to integration. That declaration sets out three aims for the construction of another European Union: the total change of institutions to make them "fully democratic"; breaking with "neo-liberal monetarist policies"; and a policy of co-development and equitable cooperation. The group wants to disband the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) and "strengthen the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe" (OSCE).
The group is ambiguous between reformism and revolution, leaving it up to each party to decide on the manner they deem best suited to achieve these aims. As such, it has simultaneously positioned itself as "insiders" within the European institutions, enabling it to influence the decisions made by co-decision, and as "outsiders" by its willingness to seek "another Union" which would abolish the Maastricht Treaty.
The GUE/NGL is a confederal group: It is composed of MEPs from national parties. Those national parties must share common political objectives with the group, as specified in the group's constituent declaration. Nevertheless, those national parties, not the group, retain control of their MEPs. Thus, the Group may be divided on certain issues.
Members of the group meet regularly to prepare for meetings, debate on policies and vote on resolutions. The group also publishes reports on various topics.
MEPs may be full or associate members.
National parties may be full or associate members.
|Country||National Electoral Alliance||National Party||European Party||MEPs|
|Cyprus||Progressive Party of Working People||PEL (observer)|
|Czech Republic||Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia||PEL (observer)|
|Denmark||People's Movement against the EU||EUD|
|France||Left Front||French Communist Party||PEL|
|La France insoumise|
|Alliance of the Overseas||Communist Party of Réunion|
|Stefan Eck (independent)|
|Greece||Syriza (Coalition of the Radical Left)||PEL|
|Kostas Chrysogonos (independent)|
|Sofia Sakorafa (independent)|
|Luke 'Ming' Flanagan (independent)|
|Italy||The Other Europe||Italian Left|
|Communist Refoundation Party||PEL|
|Barbara Spinelli (independent)|
|Party for the Animals (Partij voor de Dieren)|
|Unitary Democratic Coalition||Portuguese Communist Party|
|Spain||Plural Left||United Left||PEL|
|Podemos (We Can)|
|The Peoples Decide (Los Pueblos Deciden)|
|United Kingdom||Sinn Féin|
In 1995, the enlargement of the European Union led to the creation of the Nordic Green Left group of parties. The Nordic Green Left merged with the Confederal Group of the European United Left (GUE) on 6 January 1995, forming the Confederal Group of the European United Left/Nordic Green Left. The NGL suffix was added to the name of the expanded group on insistence of Swedish and Finnish MEPs. The group initially consisted of MEPs from the Finnish Left Alliance, Swedish Left Party, the Danish Socialist People's Party, United Left of Spain (including the Spanish Communist Party), Synaspismós of Greece, the French Communist Party, Portuguese Communist Party, the Communist Party of Greece, and the Communist Refoundation Party of Italy.
In 1999, the German Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS) and the Greek Democratic Social Movement (DIKKI) joined as full members, while the five MEPs elected from the list of the French Trotskyist alliance LO-LCR joined as associate members.
In 2002, four MEPs from the French Citizen and Republican Movement also joined the group.
In 2004, no MEPs were elected from LO-LCR, and DIKKI--which was undergoing a dispute with its leader over the party constitution--did not put forward candidates. MEPs from the Portuguese Left Bloc, Sinn Féin both from the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, the Progressive Party of Working People (AKEL) of Cyprus, and the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia joined the group.