European People's Party
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European People's Party

European People's Party
PresidentJoseph Daul (FR)
Group leaderManfred Weber MEP (DE)
Secretary-GeneralAntonio López-Istúriz White MEP (ES)
Founded8 July 1976 (1976-07-08)
HeadquartersRue du Commerce/Handelsstraat 10, 1000 -- Brussels, Belgium
Think tankWilfried Martens Centre for European Studies
Student wingEuropean Democrat Students
Youth wingYouth of the European People's Party
Women's wingWomen of the European People's Party
IdeologyConservatism[1]
Liberal conservatism[2]
Christian democracy[2]
Pro-Europeanism[3]
Political positionCentre-right[1]
International affiliationCentrist Democrat International,[4]
International Democrat Union[5]
European Parliament groupEuropean People's Party
Colours     Blue
European Parliament
European Council
European Lower Houses
European Upper Houses
Website
www.epp.eu

The European People's Party (EPP) is a European political party with conservative[6] and liberal-conservative[2] member parties. A transnational organisation, it is composed of other political parties, not individuals. Founded by primarily Christian democratic parties in 1976, it has since broadened its membership to include liberal-conservative parties and parties with other centre-right political perspectives.[7][8][9][10]

The EPP has been the largest party in the European Parliament since 1999 and in the European Council since 2002. It is also by far the largest party in the current European Commission. The President of the European Council, President of the European Commission are from the EPP. Many of the Founding fathers of the European Union were also from parties that later formed the EPP. Outside the EU the party also controls a majority in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. The EPP has alternated with its centre-left rival the Party of European Socialists (PES) as the largest European political party and parliamentary group.

The EPP includes major centre-right parties such as the CDU/CSU of Germany, The Republicans of France, CD&V of Belgium, KDU-?SL of the Czech Republic, Fine Gael of Ireland, New Democracy of Greece, Forza Italia of Italy, the People's Party (PP) of Spain, the Social Democratic Party of Portugal, the Civic Platform of Poland, and Fidesz of Hungary.

History

Logo of European People's Party from 2005 to 2015
From left to right:Tindemans, Bukman and Santer; former presidents of the EPP

According to its website, the EPP is "the family of the political centre-right, whose roots run deep in the history and civilisation of the European continent, and [which] has pioneered the European project from its inception".[11]

The EPP was founded in Luxembourg on 8 July 1976 on the initiative of Jean Seitlinger; Leo Tindemans, then Prime Minister of Belgium, who became the first President of the EPP; and Wilfried Martens, who later became both President of the EPP and Prime Minister of Belgium. It had been preceded by the Secretariat International des partis démocratiques d'inspiration chrétienne, founded in 1925,[12] the Nouvelles Equipes Internationales, founded in 1946[13] (or 1948),[12] and the European Union of Christian Democrats, founded in 1965.[13]

In the late 1990s the Finnish politician Sauli Niinistö negotiated the merger of the European Democrat Union (EDU), of which he was President, into the EPP. In October 2002 the EDU ceased its activities after being formally absorbed by the EPP at a special event in Estoril, Portugal. In recognition of his efforts Niinistö was elected Honorary President of the EPP the same year.

The EPP has had five Presidents:

No. Image Name Tenure Member state
1 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F050938-0028, Bonn, Tagung CDU-Bundesausschuss, Tindemans.jpg Leo Tindemans
(1922-2014)
1976-1985 Belgium Belgium
2 Piet Bukman 1980 (1).jpg Piet Bukman
(born 1934)
1985-1987 Netherlands Netherlands
3 Jacques Santer.jpg Jacques Santer
(born 1937)
1987-1990 Luxembourg Luxembourg
4 Wilfried Martens.jpg Wilfried Martens
(1936-2013)
1990-2013
[Died]
Belgium Belgium
5 Joseph Daul par Claude Truong-Ngoc octobre 2013.jpg Joseph Daul
(born 1947)
2013-present France France
Died in office

Platform and manifesto

Leo Varadkar, Angela Merkel and Jean-Claude Juncker at an EPP summit in June 2018

Political manifesto and platform

During its Congress in Bucharest in 2012 the EPP updated its political platform after 20 years (since its Congress in Athens in 1992) and approved a political manifesto in which it summarised its main values and policies.

The manifesto highlights:

  • Freedom as a central human right, coupled with responsibility
  • Respect for traditions and associations
  • Solidarity to help those in need, who in turn should also make an effort to improve their situation
  • Ensuring solid public finances
  • Preserving a healthy environment
  • Subsidiarity
  • Pluralist democracy and a Social Market Economy

The manifesto also describes the EPP's priorities for the EU, including:

  • European Political Union
  • Direct election of the President of the European Commission
  • Completion of the European Single Market
  • Promotion of the family, improvements in education and health
  • Strengthening of the common immigration and asylum policy, and integrating immigrants
  • Continuation of enlargement of the EU, enhancement of the European Neighbourhood Policy and special relationship frameworks for countries that cannot, or do not want to, join the EU
  • Defining a true common EU energy policy
  • Strengthening European political parties

Electoral manifesto

As a central part of its campaign for the European elections in 2009 the EPP approved its election manifesto at its Congress in Warsaw in April that year. The manifesto called for:

  • Creation of new jobs, continuing reforms and investment in education, lifelong learning, and employment in order to create opportunities for everyone.
  • Avoidance of protectionism, and coordination of fiscal and monetary policies.
  • Increased transparency and surveillance in financial markets.
  • Making Europe the market leader in green technology.
  • Increasing the share of renewable energy to at least 20 per cent of the energy mix by 2020.;.
  • Family-friendly flexibility for working parents, better child care and housing, family-friendly fiscal policies, encouragement of parental leave.
  • A new strategy to attract skilled workers from the rest of the world to make Europe's economy more competitive, more dynamic and more knowledge-driven.
At its Congress in Warsaw in 2009 the EPP endorsed Barroso for a second term as President of the Commission.

The Fidesz-crisis

Controversy over the right-wing politics of the Hungarian Fidesz-leader Viktor Orbán caused a split in the EPP in the run-up of the 2019 European Parliament election.[14] On the one hand the EPP had been reluctant for years to address Fidesz's stance against the rule of law, expressed by the Article 7 proceedings of the European Parliament. On the other hand European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, a prominent EPP-member, stated "I believe his [Fidesz's] place is not in the European People's Party".[15] Orbán's campaigns targeting billionaire George Soros[16] and Jean-Claude Juncker[17] carried wide reverberations for Europe questioning the EPP's effort to install its lead candidate Manfred Weber as the next Commission president.[18]

After years of deferring a decision about the Fidesz issue,[19] the EPP was eventually compelled to address the problem two months before the 2019 European elections, as 13 outraged member parties requested the Hungarian party's exclusion from the EPP due to its billboard campaign featuring Jean-Claude Juncker. 190 of the 193 EPP delegates decided on 20 March 2019 to partially suspend Fidesz membership. According to this, Fidesz is "until further notice" excluded from EPP meetings and internal elections, but remains in the European People's Party group of the European Parliament. Fidesz has not delivered on its earlier promise to leave the EPP in case of a penalty.[20]

Governance

The EPP operates as an international non-profit association under Belgian law according to its by-laws, the Statutes of the European People's Party (Statuts du Parti Populaire Européen), originally adopted 29 April 1976.

Presidency

The Presidency is the executive body of the party. It decides on the general political guidelines of the EPP and presides over its Political Assembly. The Presidency is composed of the President, ten Vice-Presidents, the Honorary Presidents, the Secretary General and the Treasurer. The Chairperson of the EPP Group in the European Parliament, the Presidents of the Commission, the Parliament and the Council, and the High Representative (if they are a member of an EPP member party) are all ex officio Vice-Presidents.

President of the EPP Joseph Daul

As of 2015 the Presidency[21] of the EPP comprised:

Political Assembly

The Political Assembly defines the political positions of the EPP between Congresses, and decides on membership applications, political guidelines and the budget. The Political Assembly is composed of designated delegates from EPP member parties, associated parties, member associations and other affiliated groups. The Political Assembly meets at least three times a year.

Congress

The Congress is the highest decision-making body of the EPP. It is composed of delegates from member parties, EPP associations, EPP Group MEPs, the EPP Presidency, national heads of party and government, and European Commissioners who belong to a member party, with the numbers of delegates being weighted according to the EPP's share of MEPs, and individual delegates being elected by member parties according to member parties' rules.[22]

Under the EPP's statutes the Congress must meet once every three years, but it also meets normally during the years of elections for the European Parliament (every five years), and extraordinary Congresses have also been summoned. The Congress elects the EPP Presidency every three years, decides on the main policy documents and electoral programmes, and provides a platform for the EPP's heads of government and party leaders.

Activities within the party

Summit

EPP leaders meet for the EPP Summit a few hours before each meeting of the European Council in order to formulate common positions. Invitations are sent by the EPP President and attendees include, besides the members of the EPP's Presidency, all Presidents and Prime Ministers who are members of the European Council and belong to the EPP; the Presidents of the European Parliament, the European Commission and the European Council, as well as the High Representative for Foreign Affairs, provided that they belong to the EPP; Deputy Prime Ministers or other ministers in those cases where the Prime Minister of a country does not belong to an EPP member party; and, where no EPP member party is part of a government, the leaders of the main EPP opposition party.

Reunion Picture at 2011 Summit

Ministerial meetings

Following the pattern of the EPP Summit the party also organises regular EPP Ministerial meetings before each meeting of the Council of the European Union, with ministers, deputy ministers, secretaries of state and MEPs in the specific policy field attending:

  • General Affairs
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Economy and Finance
  • Home Affairs
  • Justice
  • Defence
  • Employment and Social Affairs
  • Industry
  • Agriculture
  • Energy
  • Environment[23]

Other activities

The EPP also organises working groups on different issues and on an ad hoc basis, as well as meetings with its affiliated members in the European Commission. It also invites individual Commissioners to the EPP Summit meetings and to EPP Ministerial meetings.

Following amendments to the EU Regulation that governs Europarties in 2007, the EPP, like the other "Europarties", is responsible for organising a pan-European campaign for the European elections every five years. According to the Lisbon Treaty, the parties must present candidates for President of the European Commission, but the EPP had already done this by endorsing Jose Manuel Barroso for a second term in April 2009.

The year 2014 saw the first fully fledged campaign of the EPP ahead of the European elections of that year. The party nominated former Luxembourgish Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker as its candidate for President of the European Commission and led a pan-European campaign in coordination with the national campaigns of all its member parties.

Activities within European institutions

The EPP holds the Presidencies of two of the three main EU institutions: the European Commission, led by President Jean-Claude Juncker (CSV), and the European Council, led by Donald Tusk (PO), who has been nominated by the EPP and took office 1 December 2014.

Overview of the European institutions

Organisation Institution Number of seats
 European Union European Parliament
Committee of the Regions
European Commission
European Council
(Heads of Government)
Council of the European Union
(Participation in Government)

European Commission

In 2014 the EPP nominated Jean-Claude Juncker as its candidate for election as President of the European Commission. As the EPP won the 2014 European Parliament election, Juncker's nomination was endorsed by the European Council and he was elected by an absolute majority in the European Parliament. On 1 November 2014 the Juncker Commission officially took office. It includes 14 EPP officeholders out of 28 European Commissioners.

State Commissioner Portfolio Political party Portrait
Luxembourg
Luxembourg
JunckerJean-Claude Juncker President CSV Ioannes Claudius Juncker die 7 Martis 2014.jpg
Finland
Finland
KatainenJyrki Katainen European Commissioner for Jobs, Growth, Investment and Competitiveness Vice-President European Commissioner for Industry and Entrepreneurship KO Jyrki Katainen in June 2013 (cropped).jpg
Poland
Poland
Bie?kowskaEl?bieta Bie?kowska European Commissioner for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs PO El?bieta Bie?kowska Kancelaria Senatu.jpg
Latvia
Latvia
DombrovskisValdis Dombrovskis European Commissioner for Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Euro Unity Valdis Dombrovskis 2009.jpg
Belgium
Belgium
ThyssenMarianne Thyssen European Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility CD&V MarianeThyssen.jpg
Hungary
Hungary
NavracsicsTibor Navracsics European Commissioner for Education, Culture, Youth and Sport Fidesz Navracsics Tibor Portrait.jpg
Spain
Spain
CañeteMiguel Arias Cañete European Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy PP Miguel Arias Cañete (cropped) (2).jpg
Bulgaria
Bulgaria
GeorgievaKristalina Georgieva Vice-President European Commissioner for the Budget and Human Resources GERB Kristalina Georgieva (7).jpg
Germany
Germany
OettingerGünther Oettinger European Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society CDU Guenther h oettinger 2007.jpg
Austria
Austria
HahnJohannes Hahn European Commissioner for European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations ÖVP JohannesHahnPortrait.jpg
Republic of Ireland
Ireland
HoganPhil Hogan European Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Development FG Phil Hogan (37485195082).jpg
Portugal
Portugal
MoedasCarlos Moedas European Commissioner for Research, Science and Innovation PPD-PSD Carlos Moedas (cropped).JPG
Cyprus
Cyprus
HoganChristos Stylianides European Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management DISY Christos Stylianides Commissioner
Greece
Greece
AvramopoulosDimitris Avramopoulos European Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship New Democracy D Avramopoulos at the Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs.jpg

European Parliament

The EPP has the largest group in the European Parliament: the EPP Group. As of 2015 it has 216 Members of the European Parliament and its chairman is the German MEP Manfred Weber.

In every election for the European Parliament candidates elected on lists of member parties of the EPP are obliged to join the EPP Group in the European Parliament.

The EPP Group holds six of the fourteen vice-presidencies of the European Parliament.

European Council

The EPP has 8 out of the 28 heads of state or government attending the EPP summits in preparation for the European Council (as of 1 July 2018):

Member state Representative Title Political party Member of the Council since Portrait
 Bulgaria Boyko Borissov Prime Minister GERB 7 November 2014 Boyko Borisov EPP 2014.jpg
 Croatia Andrej Plenkovi? Prime Minister HDZ 19 October 2016 Andrej Plenkovi? 2017.jpg
 Cyprus Nicos Anastasiades President DISY 28 February 2013 ANASTASIADES Nicos.jpg
 Germany Angela Merkel Chancellor CDU 22 November 2005 Angela Merkel Juli 2010 - 3zu4.jpg
 Hungary Viktor Orbán Prime Minister Fidesz 29 May 2010 OrbanViktor 2011-01-07.jpg
 Ireland Leo Varadkar Taoiseach[a 1] Fine Gael 22 June 2017 Leo Varadkar 2016.jpg
 Romania Klaus Iohannis President PNL 21 December 2014 Klaus Iohannis Senate of Poland 2015 02 (cropped 2).JPG

The EPP also has other heads of state or government who do not normally take part in the European Council or EPP summits since that responsibility belongs to the other leaders of their countries: János Áder (Hungary, Fidesz), Sauli Niinistö (Finland, KOK).

National legislatures

Activities beyond the European Union

In third countries

Through its associate and observer parties the EPP has one head of state or government in non-EU countries:

State Representatives Title Political party In power since Portrait
 Norway Erna Solberg Prime Minister Høyre 16 October 2013 31.08.2013, Erna Solberg.2.jpg
 Bosnia and Herzegovina ?efik D?aferovi? Bosniak Member of the Presidency SDA 20 November 2018 Sefik Dzaferovic.jpg
 Moldova Maia Sandu Prime Minister PAS 8 June 2019 Maia Sandu - EPP Summit - June 2017 (35463818515) (cropped).jpg

The EPP also has other heads of state or government who do not normally attend the meetings, since the other leaders of their countries attend instead. They include Prime Minister Denis Zvizdi? (Bosnia-Herzegovina, SDA) and President Gjorge Ivanov (Republic of North Macedonia, VMRO-DPMNE).

In the Council of Europe

The Group of the EPP in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe defends freedom of expression and information, as well as freedom of movement of ideas and religious tolerance. It promotes the principle of subsidiarity and local autonomy, as well as the defence of national, social and other minorities. The EPP/CD Group is led by Pedro Agramunt, a member of the Spanish Popular Party.

The EPP/CD group also includes members from parties that are not related to the EPP itself, including members of the Patriotic Union (Liechtenstein), the Progressive Citizens' Party (Liechtenstein), the National and Democratic Union (Monaco) and the Serbian Progressive Party.[24]

In the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe

The "EPP and like-minded Group" in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the most active political group in that body. The Group meets on a regular basis and promotes the EPP's positions. The members of the EPP Group also participate in the election-monitoring missions of the OSCE.

The Group is chaired by Walburga Habsburg Douglas (Sweden), and its Vice-Presidents are Consiglio Di Nino (Canada), Vilija Aleknait? Abramikiene (Lithuania), Laura Allegrini (Italy) and George Tsereteli (Georgia).

The Group also includes members of parties not related to the EPP, accounting for the "like-minded" part of its name. Among them are members of the Patriotic Union (Liechtenstein), the Union for the Principality (Monaco), the Conservative Party of the United Kingdom, the Conservative Party of Canada and the Republican Party of the United States.

In the North Atlantic Treaty Organization

The EPP is also present and active in the Parliamentary Assembly of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and forms the "EPP and Associated Members" Group there. It is led by the German CDU politician Karl Lamers, who is also the current President of the Assembly. The Group also includes members of the Conservative Party of Canada and the Republican Party of the United States.

From left to right: López-Istúriz, McCain & Martens

Relations with the United States

The EPP has close relations with the International Republican Institute (IRI), an organisation funded by the U.S. government specially to promote democracy and democratisation. The EPP and the IRI cooperate within the framework of the European Partnership Initiative.[25]

The EPP's late President, Wilfried Martens, endorsed Senator John McCain, the Republican nominee for president, in the presidential election in 2008[26] McCain is also Chairman of the IRI. In 2011 Martens and McCain made joint press statements expressing their concern about the state of democracy in Ukraine.[27][28]

Global networks

The EPP is the European wing of two global centre-right organisations, the International Democrat Union (IDU) and the Christian Democrat International (CDI).

Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies

Following the revision in 2007 of the EU Regulation that governs European political parties, allowing the creation of European foundations affiliated to Europarties, the EPP established in the same year its official foundation/think tank, the Centre for European Studies (CES). The CES includes as members all the major national think tanks and foundations affiliated to EPP member parties: the Konrad Adenauer Foundation (CDU), the Hanns Seidel Foundation (CSU), the Foundation for Analysis and Social Studies (PP), the Constantinos Karamanlis Institute for Democracy (ND), the Jarl Hjalmarson Foundation (MOD), the Political Academy of the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) and others. During the European Parliament election campaign in 2009 the CES launched a web-based campaign module, tellbarroso.eu, to support Jose Manuel Barroso, the EPP's candidate for re-election as Commission President.

In 2014, to honour Wilfried Martens - the late President of the EPP who was also President of the CES - the CES changed its name to Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies or Martens Centre.

The current President of the Martens Centre is former Slovak Prime Minister Mikulá? Dzurinda.

The Budapest-based Robert Schuman Institute and the Luxembourg-based Robert Schuman Foundation are also affiliated with the European People's Party.[]

EPP associations

The EPP is linked to several specific associations that focus on specific groups and organise seminars, forums, publications and other activities.

Small and Medium Entrepreneurs Europe (SME Europe)

SME Europe is the official business organisation of the EPP, and serves as a network for pro-business politicians and political organisations. Its main objective is to shape EU policy in a more SME-friendly way in close cooperation with the SME Circle of the EPP Group in the European Parliament, the DG Enterprise and the pro-business organisations of the EPP's member parties. Its top priorities are to reform the legal framework for SMEs all over Europe, and to promote and support the interests of small and medium-sized enterprises. SME Europe was founded in May 2012 by three Members of the European Parliament, Paul Rübig, Nadezhda Neynsky and Bendt Bendtsen.

European Democrat Students

European Democrat Students (EDS) is now the official students' organisation of the EPP, though it was founded in 1961, 15 years before the EPP itself. Led by Virgilio Falco, EDS has 40 member organisations, representing nearly 1,600,000 students and young people[29] in 31 countries, including Belarus and Georgia. Every year EDS hosts Summer and Winter "universities", and several seminars. It also regularly publishes a magazine, Bullseye, and organises topical campaigns.

European Senior Union

Founded in Madrid in 1995 and led by Ann Hermans of the CD&V, the European Senior Union (ESU) is the largest political senior citizens' organisation in Europe. The ESCU is represented in 26 states with 45 organisations and about 500,000 members.

European Union of Christian Democratic Workers

The European Union of Christian Democratic Workers (EUCDW) is the labour organisation of the EPP, with 24 member organisations in 18 different countries. As the officially recognised EPP association of workers, the EUCDW is led by Elmar Brok, MEP. It aims at the political unification of a democratic Europe, the development of the EPP on the basis of Christian social teaching, and the defence of workers' interests in European policy-making.

Women of the European People's Party

The Women of the European People's Party (EPP Women) is recognised by the EPP as the official association of women from all like-minded political parties of Europe. EPP Women has more than 40 member organisations from countries of the European Union and beyond. All of them are women's organisations of political parties that are members of the EPP. EPP Women is led by Doris Pack.

Youth of the European People's Party

The Youth of the European People's Party (YEPP), led by Lídia Pereira, is the EPP's official youth organisation. It has 64 member organisations, bringing together between one and two million young people in 40 countries.

Membership

Within the EPP there are three kinds of member organisations: full members, associate members and observers. Full members are parties from EU states. They have absolute rights to vote in all the EPP's organs and on all matters. Associate members have the same voting rights as full members except for matters concerning the EU's structure or policies. These associate membres are parties from EU candidate countries and EFTA countries. Observer parties can participate in all the activities of the EPP, and attend the Congresses and Political Assemblies, but they do not have any voting rights.

A special status of "supporting member" is granted by the Presidency to individuals and associations. Although they do not have voting rights, they can be invited by the President to attend meetings of certain organs of the party. Three EU Commissioners, Dacian Ciolo?, Kristalina Georgieva and Andris Piebalgs, are members of the EPP even though they do not belong to any national member party.

Full member parties

Country Party name Abbr. Legislature lower house seats Legislature upper house Seats Status
 Austria Austrian People's Party
Österreichische Volkspartei
ÖVP
Technical Government
 Belgium Christian Democratic and Flemish
Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams
CD&V
Government
Humanist Democratic Centre
Centre démocrate humaniste
cdH
Opposition
 Bulgaria Citizens for the European Development of Bulgaria
?
Grazhdani za evrope?sko razvitie na B?lgariya
GERB
Government
Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria

Demokrati za silna B?lgarija
DSB
No Status
Union of Democratic Forces
? ?
Sayuz na demokratichnite sili
SDS
No Status
Democratic Party

Demokraticheska partia
DP
No Status
Movement "Bulgaria of the Citizens"
,, ?"
Dvizhenie ,,Bulgariya na grazhdanite"
BCM
No Status
 Croatia Croatian Democratic Union
Hrvatska demokratska zajednica
HDZ
Government
 Cyprus Democratic Rally
?
Dimokratikós Sinagermós
DISY
Government
 Czech Republic Christian and Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party
K?es?anská a demokratická unie - ?eskoslovenská strana lidová
KDU-?SL
Opposition
TOP 09
Opposition
 Denmark Conservative People's Party
Det Konservative Folkeparti
C
Opposition
Christian Democrats
Kristendemokraterne
KD
No Status
 Estonia Pro Patria
Isamaa
I
Government
 Finland National Coalition Party
Kansallinen Kokoomus
Samlingspartiet
KOK
Government
 France The Republicans
Les Républicains
LR
Opposition
 Germany Christian Democratic Union
Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands
CDU
Government
Christian Social Union in Bavaria
Christlich-Soziale Union in Bayern
CSU
Government
 Greece New Democracy
?
Nea Dimokratia
ND
Government
 Hungary Christian Democratic People's Party
Kereszténydemokrata Néppárt
KDNP
Government
 Ireland Fine Gael
Government
 Italy Forza Italia FI
Opposition
Popular Alternative
Alternativa Popolare
AP
Opposition
Union of the Centre
Unione di Centro
UdC
Opposition
Populars for Italy
Popolari per l'Italia
PpI
No Status
 Latvia New Unity
Vienot?ba
JV
Government
 Lithuania Homeland Union - Lithuanian Christian Democrats
T?vyn?s s?junga - Lietuvos krikionys demokratai
TS-LKD
Opposition
 Luxembourg Christian Social People's Party
Chrëschtlech Sozial Vollekspartei
Parti populaire chrétien social
Christlich Soziale Volkspartei
CSV/PSC
Opposition
 Malta Nationalist Party
Partit Nazzjonalista
Opposition
 Netherlands Christian Democratic Appeal
Christen-Democratisch Appèl
CDA
Government
 Poland Civic Platform
Platforma Obywatelska
PO
Opposition
Polish People's Party
Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe
PSL
Opposition
 Portugal Social Democratic Party
Partido Social Democrata
PSD
Opposition
Democratic and Social Centre - People's Party
Centro Democrático e Social - Partido Popular
CDS-PP
Opposition
 Romania National Liberal Party
Partidul Na?ional Liberal
PNL
Opposition
Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania
Romániai Magyar Demokrata Szövetség
Uniunea Democrat? Maghiar? din România
UDMR
Opposition
(Government Support)
People's Movement Party
Partidul Mi?carea Popular?
PMP
Opposition
 Slovakia Christian Democratic Movement
Kres?anskodemokratické hnutie
KDH
No Status
Most-Híd
Government
Party of the Hungarian Community
Magyar Közösség Pártja
Strana ma?arskej komunity
SMK/MKP
No Status
 Slovenia Slovenian Democratic Party
Slovenska demokratska stranka
SDS
Opposition
Slovenian People's Party
Slovenska ljudska stranka
SLS
No Status
New Slovenia-Christian Democrats
Nova Slovenija - Kranski demokrati
NSi
Opposition
 Spain People's Party
Partido Popular
PP
Opposition
 Sweden Moderate Party
Moderata samlingspartiet
M
Opposition
Christian Democrats
Kristdemokraterna
KD
Opposition

Suspended members

 Hungary

Associate members

 Albania

 North Macedonia

 Norway

 Serbia

  Switzerland

Observer members

 Armenia

 Belarus

 Bosnia and Herzegovina

 Finland

 Georgia

 Italy

 Kosovo

 Moldova

 Norway

 San Marino

 Ukraine

Former members

 Belarus

 France

 Croatia

 Italy

 Romania

 Slovakia

 Spain

 Turkey

 Ukraine

Notes

  1. ^ The Irish Prime Minister is commonly referred to as the Taoiseach in both Irish and English. See: Article 28.5.1° of the Constitution of Ireland.

References

  1. ^ a b Maushagen, Peter (4 September 2018). "German conservative seeks to front center-right in EU elections". Reuters. Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ "Macron, Merkel say ready to change EU treaties if needed". www.usatoday.com.
  4. ^ "Organization". idc-cdi.
  5. ^ iamdesign (1 February 2018). "Members - International Democrat Union".
  6. ^ Slomp, Hans (26 September 2011). Europe, A Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. p. 246. ISBN 978-0-313-39182-8. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ José María Magone (2006). The New World Architecture: The Role of the European Union in the Making of Global Governance. New York: Transaction Publishers. p. 130. ISBN 978-0-7658-0279-8.
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Bibliography

  • Jansen, Thomas (1998). The European People's Party: Origins and Development. MacMillans.
  • Jansen, Thomas; Van Hecke, Steven (2011). At Europe's Service: The Origins and Evolution of the European People's Party. Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-19414-6. ISBN 978-3-642-19413-9. LCCN 2011927265.
  • Kaiser, Wolfram (2004). Michael Gehler; Wolfram Kaiser (eds.). Transnational Christian Democracy: From the Nouvelles Equipes Internationales to the European People's Party. Christian Democracy in Europe since 1945. Routledge. pp. 194-208. ISBN 0-7146-5662-3.

External links


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