European People's Party
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European People's Party

European People's Party
PresidentDonald Tusk (PL)
Secretary-GeneralAntonio López-Istúriz White MEP (ES)
Group leaderManfred Weber MEP (DE)
Founded8 July 1976 (1976-07-08)
HeadquartersRue du Commerce/Handelsstraat 10, 1000 - Brussels, Belgium (Europe)
Think tankMartens Centre
Student wingEuropean Democrat Students
Youth wingYouth of the European People's Party
Women's wingWomen of the European People's Party
IdeologyChristian democracy
Liberal conservatism
Political positionCentre-right
International affiliationCentrist Democrat International[2]
International Democrat Union[3]
European Parliament groupEuropean People's Party
Colours  Dark blue
  Selective yellow
  Sky blue (customary)
European Parliament
European Council
European Commission
European Lower Houses
European Upper Houses
Website Edit this at Wikidata

The European People's Party (EPP) is a European political party with Christian-democratic,[4] conservative,[5][6] and liberal-conservative[4] member parties. A transnational organisation, it is composed of other political parties. Founded by primarily Christian-democratic parties in 1976, it has since broadened its membership to include liberal-conservative parties and parties with other centre-right political perspectives.[6][7][8][9][10] On 20 November 2019, the party elected as its president the former Prime Minister of Poland and President of the European Council, Donald Tusk.[11]

The EPP has been the largest party in the European Parliament since 1999 and in the European Council since 2002. It is also the largest party in the current European Commission. The President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen is from the EPP. Many of the founding fathers of the European Union were also from parties that later formed the EPP. Outside the EU the party also controls a majority in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.

The EPP includes major centre-right parties such as the CDU/CSU of Germany, The Republicans of France, CD&V of Belgium, PNL of Romania, Fine Gael of Ireland, National Coalition Party of Finland, New Democracy of Greece, Forza Italia of Italy, the People's Party (PP) of Spain, the Civic Platform of Poland and the Social Democratic Party of Portugal.


Logo of European People's Party from 2005 to 2015
From left to right:Tindemans, Bukman and Santer, former presidents of the EPP

According to its website, the EPP is "the family of the political centre-right, whose roots run deep in the history and civilisation of the European continent, and [which] has pioneered the European project from its inception".[12]

The EPP was founded in Luxembourg on 8 July 1976 on the initiative of Jean Seitlinger; Leo Tindemans, then Prime Minister of Belgium, who became the first President of the EPP; and Wilfried Martens, who later became both President of the EPP and Prime Minister of Belgium. It had been preceded by the Secretariat International des partis démocratiques d'inspiration chrétienne, founded in 1925,[13] the Nouvelles Equipes Internationales, founded in 1946[14] (or 1948),[13] and the European Union of Christian Democrats, founded in 1965.[14]

In the late 1990s, the Finnish politician Sauli Niinistö negotiated the merger of the European Democrat Union (EDU), of which he was president, into the EPP. In October 2002 the EDU ceased its activities after being formally absorbed by the EPP at a special event in Estoril, Portugal. In recognition of his efforts, Niinistö was elected Honorary President of the EPP the same year.

The EPP has had six Presidents:

No. Image Name Tenure Party Member state
1 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F050938-0028, Bonn, Tagung CDU-Bundesausschuss, Tindemans.jpg Leo Tindemans
1976-1985 CD&V Belgium Belgium
2 Piet Bukman 1980 (1).jpg Piet Bukman
(born 1934)
1985-1987 CDA Netherlands Netherlands
3 Jacques Santer.jpg Jacques Santer
(born 1937)
1987-1990 CSV Luxembourg Luxembourg
4 Wilfried Martens.jpg Wilfried Martens
CD&V Belgium Belgium
5 Joseph Daul par Claude Truong-Ngoc octobre 2013.jpg Joseph Daul
(born 1947)
2013-2019 The Republicans France France
6 Donald Tusk (6165309851) (cropped).jpg Donald Tusk
(born 1957)
2019- Civic Platform Poland Poland

Platform and manifesto

Leo Varadkar, Angela Merkel and Jean-Claude Juncker at an EPP summit in June 2018

Political manifesto and platform

During its Congress in Bucharest in 2012, the EPP updated its political platform after 20 years (since its Congress in Athens in 1992) and approved a political manifesto in which it summarised its main values and policies.

The manifesto highlights:

  • Freedom as a central human right, coupled with responsibility
  • Respect for traditions and associations
  • Solidarity to help those in need, who in turn should also make an effort to improve their situation
  • Ensuring solid public finances
  • Preserving a healthy environment
  • Subsidiarity
  • Pluralist democracy and a social market economy

The manifesto also describes the EPP's priorities for the EU, including:

  • European Political Union
  • Direct election of the President of the European Commission
  • Completion of the European Single Market
  • Promotion of the family, improvements in education and health
  • Strengthening of the common immigration and asylum policy, and integrating immigrants
  • Continuation of enlargement of the EU, enhancement of the European Neighbourhood Policy and special relationship frameworks for countries that cannot, or do not want to, join the EU
  • Defining a truly common EU energy policy
  • Strengthening European political parties

Electoral manifesto

As a central part of its campaign for the European elections in 2009, the EPP approved its election manifesto at its Congress in Warsaw in April that year. The manifesto called for:

  • Creation of new jobs, continuing reforms and investment in education, lifelong learning, and employment to create opportunities for everyone.
  • Avoidance of protectionism, and coordination of fiscal and monetary policies.
  • Increased transparency and surveillance in financial markets.
  • Making Europe the market leader in green technology.
  • Increasing the share of renewable energy to at least 20 percent of the energy mix by 2020.
  • Family-friendly flexibility for working parents, better child care and housing, family-friendly fiscal policies, encouragement of parental leave.
  • A new strategy to attract skilled workers from the rest of the world to make Europe's economy more competitive, more dynamic and more knowledge-driven.
At its Congress in Warsaw in 2009 the EPP endorsed Barroso for a second term as President of the Commission.

The Fidesz crisis

Concerns that the Hungarian ruling party Fidesz[note 1] and its leader Viktor Orbán were undermining the rule of law in Hungary caused a split in the EPP in the run-up of the 2019 European Parliament election.[18] On one hand, the EPP had been reluctant for years to address Fidesz's stance against the rule of law, expressed by the Article 7 proceedings of the European Parliament. On the other hand, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, a prominent EPP-member, stated "I believe his [Fidesz's] place is not in the European People's Party".[19] Orbán's campaigns targeting billionaire George Soros[20] and Jean-Claude Juncker[21] carried wide reverberations for Europe questioning the EPP's effort to install its lead candidate Manfred Weber as the next President of the European Commission.[22]

After years of deferring a decision about the Fidesz issue,[23] the EPP was eventually compelled to address the problem two months before the 2019 European elections, as 13 outraged member parties requested the Hungarian party's exclusion from the EPP due to its billboard campaign featuring Jean-Claude Juncker. 190 of the 193 EPP delegates supported the common agreement with Fidesz on 20 March 2019 to partially suspend its membership. According to it, Fidesz was "until further notice" excluded from EPP meetings and internal elections, but remained in the European People's Party Group of the European Parliament. Fidesz did not deliver on its earlier promise to leave the EPP in case of a penalty.[24]

In February 2020, the EPP extended the suspension of Fidesz indefinitely.[25]

On 2 April 2020, thirteen parties within the EPP issued a joint statement aimed at Donald Tusk, asking him to expunge Fidesz from the party.[26] Three days before this, the Hungarian Parliament had passed a law, declaring a state of emergency within Hungary, granting Prime Minister Viktor Orbán the right to rule by decree.[27]

On 3 March 2021, Prime Minister Viktor Orbán announced that Fidesz would leave the EPP group after it changed its internal rules (to allow suspension and expulsion of multiple deputies and their groups), although Fidesz remained a suspended member of the EPP itself.[28] On 18 March 2021, Fidesz decided to leave the European People's Party.[29]


The EPP operates as an international non-profit association under Belgian law according to its by-laws, the Statutes of the European People's Party (Statuts du Parti Populaire Européen), originally adopted 29 April 1976.


The Presidency is the executive body of the party. It decides on the general political guidelines of the EPP and presides over its Political Assembly. The Presidency is composed of the President, ten Vice-Presidents, the Honorary Presidents, the Secretary General and the Treasurer. The Chairperson of the EPP Group in the European Parliament, the Presidents of the Commission, the Parliament and the Council, and the High Representative (if they are a member of an EPP member party) are all ex officio Vice-Presidents.

President of the EPP Donald Tusk

As of November 2019 the Presidency[30] of the EPP is (Vice Presidents in the order of votes received at the EPP Congress in Zagreb):

EPP Political Assembly

The Political Assembly defines the political positions of the EPP between Congresses and decides on membership applications, political guidelines and the budget. The Political Assembly is composed of designated delegates from EPP member parties, associated parties, member associations, and other affiliated groups. The Political Assembly meets at least three times a year.


The Congress is the highest decision-making body of the EPP. It is composed of delegates from member parties, EPP associations, EPP Group MEPs, the EPP Presidency, national heads of party and government, and European Commissioners who belong to a member party, with the numbers of delegates being weighted according to the EPP's share of MEPs, and individual delegates being elected by member parties according to member parties' rules.[31]

Under the EPP's statutes, the Congress must meet once every three years, but it also meets normally during the years of elections for the European Parliament (every five years), and extraordinary Congresses have also been summoned. The Congress elects the EPP Presidency every three years, decides on the main policy documents and electoral programmes, and provides a platform for the EPP's heads of government and party leaders.

Activities within the party


EPP leaders meet for the EPP Summit a few hours before each meeting of the European Council in order to formulate common positions. Invitations are sent by the EPP President and attendees include, besides the members of the EPP's presidency, all Presidents and Prime Ministers who are members of the European Council and belong to the EPP; the Presidents of the European Parliament, the European Commission and the European Council, as well as the High Representative for Foreign Affairs, provided that they belong to the EPP; Deputy Prime Ministers or other ministers in those cases where the Prime Minister of a country does not belong to an EPP member party; and, where no EPP member party is part of a government, the leaders of the main EPP opposition party.

Reunion Picture at 2011 Summit

Ministerial meetings

Following the pattern of the EPP Summit the party also organises regular EPP Ministerial meetings before each meeting of the Council of the European Union, with ministers, deputy ministers, secretaries of state and MEPs in the specific policy field attending:

  • General Affairs
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Economy and Finance
  • Home Affairs
  • Justice
  • Defence
  • Employment and Social Affairs
  • Industry
  • Agriculture
  • Energy
  • Environment[32]

Other activities

The EPP also organises working groups on different issues on an ad hoc basis, as well as meetings with its affiliated members in the European Commission. It also invites individual Commissioners to the EPP Summit meetings and to EPP Ministerial meetings.

Following amendments to the EU Regulation that governs europarties in 2007, the EPP, like the other European political parties, is responsible for organising a pan-European campaign for the European elections every five years. According to the Lisbon Treaty, the parties must present candidates for President of the European Commission, but the EPP had already done this by endorsing José Manuel Barroso for a second term in April 2009.

The year 2014 saw the first fully-fledged campaign of the EPP ahead of the European elections of that year. The party nominated former Luxembourgish Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker as its candidate for President of the European Commission and led a pan-European campaign in coordination with the national campaigns of all its member parties.

Activities within European institutions

As of December 2019, the EPP will hold the Presidency of the European Commission with Ursula von der Leyen (CDU).

Overview of the European institutions

Organisation Institution Number of seats
 European Union European Parliament
Committee of the Regions
European Commission
European Council
(Heads of Government)
Council of the European Union
(Participation in Government)

European Commission

Following EPP's victory in the 2019 European Parliament election, Ursula von der Leyen was nominated by the EPP as Commission President. She was endorsed by the European Council and elected by an absolute majority in the European Parliament. On 1 December 2019, the von der Leyen Commission officially took office. It includes 10 EPP officeholders out of 27 European Commissioners.

State Commissioner Portfolio Political party Portrait
von der LeyenUrsula von der Leyen President CDU (Ursula von der Leyen) 2019.07.16. Ursula von der Leyen presents her vision to MEPs 2 (cropped).jpg
DombrovskisValdis Dombrovskis Executive Vice President - An Economy that Works for the People, Trade Unity Valdis Dombrovskis 2009.jpg
?uicaDubravka ?uica Vice President - Democracy and Demography HDZ Hearing of Dubravka ?uica (Croatia) - Democracy and demography (48838221291) (cropped).jpg
SchinasMargaritis Schinas Vice President - Promoting the European Way of Life ND EPP Summit, Maastricht, October 2016 (30154973070) (cropped).jpg
HahnJohannes Hahn Commissioner for Budget and Administration ÖVP JohannesHahnPortrait.jpg
Republic of Ireland
McGuinnessMairead McGuinness Commissioner for Financial Stability, Financial Services and the Capital Markets Union FG Mairead McGuinness, Ireland-MIP-Europaparlament-by-Leila-Paul-2.jpg
GabrielMariya Gabriel Commissioner for Innovation, Research, Culture, Education and Youth GERB Gabriel Mariya 2014-02-06 2.jpg
KyriakidesStella Kyriakides Commissioner for Health and Food Safety DISY Hearings Hearings Stella Kyriakides (Cyprus) - Health (48828012607) (cropped).jpg
V?leanAdina-Ioana V?lean Commissioner for Transport PNL Hearing of Adina-Ioana V?lean (Romania)- Commissioner Designate - European Green Deal (49063874993) (cropped).jpg
VárhelyiOlivér Várhelyi Commissioner for Neighbourhood and Enlargement EPP

(Independent on the national level, but affiliated with EPP at the EU level)

Hearing of Olivér Várhelyi (Hungary) - Designate - Neighbourhood and Enlargement (49063520601) (cropped).jpg

European Parliament

The EPP has the largest group in the European Parliament: the EPP Group. It currently has 182 Members of the European Parliament and its chairman is the German MEP Manfred Weber.

In every election for the European Parliament candidates elected on lists of member parties of the EPP are obliged to join the EPP Group in the European Parliament.

The EPP Group holds five of the fourteen vice-presidencies of the European Parliament.

European Council

The EPP has 9 out of the 27 EU heads of state or government attending the EPP summit meetings in preparation of the European Council (as of Mar 2021):

Member state Representative Title Political party Member of the Council since Portrait
 Austria Sebastian Kurz Chancellor ÖVP 7 January 2020 Sebastian Kurz (2018-02-28) (cropped).jpg
 Bulgaria Boyko Borissov Prime Minister GERB 7 November 2014 Tallinn Digital Summit Arrivals Boyko Borisov Cropped.jpg
 Croatia Andrej Plenkovi? Prime Minister HDZ 19 October 2016 Andrej Plenkovi? 2017.jpg
 Cyprus Nicos Anastasiades President DISY 28 February 2013 ANASTASIADES Nicos.jpg
 Germany Angela Merkel Chancellor CDU 22 November 2005 Angela Merkel 2019 cropped.jpg
 Greece Kyriakos Mitsotakis Prime Minister ND 8 July 2019 EPP Zagreb Congress in Croatia, 20-21 November 2019 (49099472986) (cropped) 2 (cropped).jpg
 Latvia Arturs Kri?j?nis Kari Prime Minister Unity 23 January 2019 Karins, Krisjanis-9702.jpg
 Romania Klaus Iohannis President PNL 21 December 2014 Klaus Iohannis Senate of Poland 2015 02 (cropped 2).JPG
 Slovakia Eduard Heger Prime Minister O?aNO 1 April 2021
 Slovenia Janez Jan?a Prime minister SDS 13 March 2020

National legislatures

Activities beyond the European Union

In third countries

Through its associate and observer parties the EPP has four head of state or government in non-EU countries:

State Representatives Title Political party In power since Portrait
 Norway Erna Solberg Prime Minister Høyre 16 October 2013 Erna Solberg (Red carpet) - Global Citizen Festival Hamburg 04.jpg
 Serbia Aleksandar Vu?i? President SNS 31 May 2017 Aleksandar Vu?i? 2019 (cropped).jpg
 Serbia Ana Brnabi? Prime Minister SNS 29 June 2017 Ana Brnabic, July 3, 2018.jpg
 Bosnia and Herzegovina ?efik D?aferovi? Bosniak Member of the Presidency SDA 20 November 2018 ?efik D?aferovi?.1.jpg
 Moldova Maia Sandu President PAS 24 December 2020 Maia Sandu - MUS2559 (cropped).jpg
 Moldova Natalia Gavrili?a Prime Minister PAS 6 August 2021 Natalia Gavrili?a - jun 2019.jpg

In the Council of Europe

The Group of the EPP in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe defends freedom of expression and information, as well as freedom of movement of ideas and religious tolerance. It promotes the principle of subsidiarity and local autonomy, as well as the defence of national, social, and other minorities. The EPP/CD Group is led by Aleksander Pociej, a member of the Polish Civic Platform.

The EPP/CD group also includes members from parties that are not related to the EPP itself, including members of the Patriotic Union (Liechtenstein), the Progressive Citizens' Party (Liechtenstein), and the National and Democratic Union (Monaco).[33]

In the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe

The "EPP and like-minded Group" in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the most active political group in that body. The Group meets regularly and promotes the EPP's positions. The members of the EPP Group also participate in the election-monitoring missions of the OSCE.

The Group is chaired by Walburga Habsburg Douglas (Sweden), and its Vice-Presidents are Consiglio Di Nino (Canada), Vilija Aleknait? Abramikiene (Lithuania), Laura Allegrini (Italy), and George Tsereteli (Georgia).

The Group also includes members of parties not related to the EPP, accounting for the "like-minded" part of its name. Among them are members of the Patriotic Union (Liechtenstein), the Union for the Principality (Monaco), the Conservative Party of the United Kingdom, the Conservative Party of Canada, and the Republican Party of the United States.

In the North Atlantic Treaty Organization

The EPP is also present and active in the Parliamentary Assembly of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and forms the "EPP and Associated Members" Group there. It is led by the German CDU politician Karl Lamers, who is also the current President of the Assembly. The Group also included members of the Conservative Party of Canada and the Republican Party of the United States, but now they're members of the Conservative Group

From left to right: López-Istúriz, McCain & Martens

Relations with the United States

The EPP has close relations with the International Republican Institute (IRI), an organisation funded by the U.S. government especially to promote democracy and democratisation. The EPP and the IRI cooperate within the framework of the European Partnership Initiative.[34]

The EPP's late President, Wilfried Martens, endorsed Senator John McCain, the Republican nominee for president, in the presidential election in 2008.[35] McCain was also Chairman of the IRI. In 2011 Martens and McCain made joint press statements expressing their concern about the state of democracy in Ukraine.[36][37]

Global networks

The EPP is the European wing of two global centre-right organisations, the International Democrat Union (IDU) and the Christian Democrat International (CDI).

Martens Centre

Following the revision in 2007 of the EU Regulation that governs European political parties, allowing the creation of European foundations affiliated to Europarties, the EPP established in the same year its official foundation/think tank, the Centre for European Studies (CES), which was later renamed as the Martens Centre. It includes as members all the major national think tanks and foundations affiliated to EPP member parties: the Konrad Adenauer Foundation (CDU), the Hanns Seidel Foundation (CSU), the Foundation for Analysis and Social Studies (PP), the Constantinos Karamanlis Institute for Democracy (ND), the Jarl Hjalmarson Foundation (MOD), the Political Academy of the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) and others. During the European Parliament election campaign in 2009, the Centre launched a web-based campaign module,, to support Jose Manuel Barroso, the EPP's candidate for re-election as Commission President.

In 2014, to honour Wilfried Martens - the late President of the EPP who also founded the CES - changed its name to Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies or simply Martens Centre.

The current President of the Martens Centre is former Slovak Prime Minister Mikulá? Dzurinda.

The Budapest-based Robert Schuman Institute and the Luxembourg-based Robert Schuman Foundation are also affiliated with the European People's Party.[]

EPP associations

The EPP is linked to several specific associations that focus on specific groups and organise seminars, forums, publications, and other activities.

Small and Medium Entrepreneurs Europe (SME Europe)

SME Europe is the official business organisation of the EPP and serves as a network for pro-business politicians and political organisations. Its main objective is to shape EU policy in a more SME-friendly way in close cooperation with the SME Circle of the EPP Group in the European Parliament, the DG Enterprise and the pro-business organisations of the EPP's member parties. Its top priorities are to reform the legal framework for SMEs all over Europe and to promote and support the interests of small and medium-sized enterprises. SME Europe was founded in May 2012 by three Members of the European Parliament, Paul Rübig, Nadezhda Neynsky, and Bendt Bendtsen.

European Democrat Students

European Democrat Students (EDS) is now the official students' organisation of the EPP, though it was founded in 1961, 15 years before the EPP itself. Led by Virgilio Falco, EDS has 40 member organisations, representing nearly 1,600,000 students and young people[38] in 31 countries, including Belarus and Georgia. Every year EDS hosts Summer and Winter "universities", and several seminars. It also regularly publishes a magazine, Bullseye, and organises topical campaigns.

European Seniors' Union

Founded in Madrid in 1995 and led by Ann Hermans of the CD&V, the European Seniors' Union (ESU) is the largest political senior citizens' organisation in Europe. The ESU is represented in 26 states with 45 organisations and about 500,000 members.

European Union of Christian Democratic Workers

The European Union of Christian Democratic Workers (EUCDW) is the labour organisation of the EPP, with 24 member organisations in 18 different countries. As the officially recognised EPP association of workers, the EUCDW is led by Elmar Brok, MEP. It aims at the political unification of a democratic Europe, the development of the EPP based on Christian social teaching, and the defence of workers' interests in European policy-making.

Women of the European People's Party

The Women of the European People's Party (EPP Women) is recognised by the EPP as the official association of women from all like-minded political parties of Europe. EPP Women has more than 40 member organisations from countries of the European Union and beyond. All of them are women's organisations of political parties that are members of the EPP. EPP Women is led by Doris Pack.

Youth of the European People's Party

The Youth of the European People's Party (YEPP), led by Lídia Pereira, is the EPP's official youth organisation. It has 64 member organisations, bringing together between one and two million young people in 40 countries.


Within the EPP there are three kinds of member organisations: full members, associate members and observers. Full members are parties from EU states. They have absolute rights to vote in all the EPP's organs and on all matters. Associate members have the same voting rights as full members except for matters concerning the EU's structure or policies. These associate members are parties from EU candidate countries and EFTA countries. Observer parties can participate in all the activities of the EPP, and attend the Congresses and Political Assemblies, but they do not have any voting rights.

Special status of "supporting member" is granted by the Presidency to individuals and associations. Although they do not have voting rights, they can be invited by the President to attend meetings of certain organs of the party.

Full member parties

Country Party name Abbr. Legislature lower house seats Legislature upper house Seats Status
 Austria Austrian People's Party
Österreichische Volkspartei
 Belgium Christian Democratic and Flemish
Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams
Humanist Democratic Centre
Centre démocrate humaniste
 Bulgaria Citizens for the European Development of Bulgaria
Grazhdani za evrope?sko razvitie na B?lgariya
Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria

Demokrati za silna B?lgarija
Union of Democratic Forces
? ?
Sayuz na demokratichnite sili
Democratic Party

Demokraticheska partia
Movement "Bulgaria of the Citizens"
,, ?"
Dvizhenie ,,Bulgariya na grazhdanite"
 Croatia Croatian Democratic Union
Hrvatska demokratska zajednica
 Cyprus Democratic Rally
Dimokratikós Sinagermós
 Czech Republic Christian and Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party
K?es?anská a demokratická unie - ?eskoslovenská strana lidová
TOP 09
Mayors and Independents
Starostové a Nezávislí
 Denmark Conservative People's Party
Det Konservative Folkeparti
Christian Democrats
 Estonia Pro Patria
 Finland National Coalition Party
Kansallinen Kokoomus
Christian Democrats
 France The Republicans
Les Républicains
 Germany Christian Democratic Union
Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands
Christian Social Union in Bavaria
Christlich-Soziale Union in Bayern
 Greece New Democracy
Nea Dimokratia
 Hungary Christian Democratic People's Party
Kereszténydemokrata Néppárt
 Ireland Fine Gael FG
 Italy Forza Italia FI
South Tyrolean People's Party
Südtiroler Volkspartei
Confidence and supply
Union of the Centre
Unione di Centro
Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party
Partito Autonomista Trentino Tirolese
Confidence and supply
Popular Alternative
Alternativa Popolare
Populars for Italy
Popolari per l'Italia
 Latvia Unity
 Lithuania Homeland Union - Lithuanian Christian Democrats
T?vyn?s s?junga - Lietuvos krikionys demokratai
 Luxembourg Christian Social People's Party
Chrëschtlech Sozial Vollekspartei
Parti populaire chrétien social
Christlich Soziale Volkspartei
 Malta Nationalist Party
Partit Nazzjonalista
 Netherlands Christian Democratic Appeal
Christen-Democratisch Appèl
 Poland Civic Platform
Platforma Obywatelska
Polish People's Party
Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe
 Portugal Social Democratic Party
Partido Social Democrata
Democratic and Social Centre - People's Party
Centro Democrático e Social - Partido Popular
 Romania National Liberal Party
Partidul Na?ional Liberal
Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania
Romániai Magyar Demokrata Szövetség
Uniunea Democrat? Maghiar? din România
People's Movement Party
Partidul Mi?carea Popular?
 Slovakia Christian Democratic Movement
Kres?anskodemokratické hnutie
TOGETHER - Civic Democracy
SPOLU - Ob?ianska demokracia
Party of the Hungarian Community
Magyar Közösség Pártja
Strana ma?arskej komunity
 Slovenia Slovenian Democratic Party
Slovenska demokratska stranka
Slovenian People's Party
Slovenska ljudska stranka
New Slovenia-Christian Democrats
Nova Slovenija - Kranski demokrati
 Spain People's Party
Partido Popular
 Sweden Moderate Party
Moderata samlingspartiet
Christian Democrats

Associate members


 North Macedonia




Observer members



 Bosnia and Herzegovina






 San Marino


Former members





  • Fidesz, suspended from March 20, 2019.[43] Left EPP on March 18, 2021.[44]







See also


  1. ^ Formally Fidesz is part of a coalition government, together with the KDNP. However, the KDNP is often accused of being in practice no more than a satellite party of Fidesz.[15][16][17]


  1. ^ "Macron, Merkel say ready to change EU treaties if needed".
  2. ^ "IDC-CDI". Centrist Democrat International. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ "Members". International Democrat Union. Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ Slomp, Hans (26 September 2011). Europe, A Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. p. 246. ISBN 978-0-313-39182-8. Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ a b Maushagen, Peter (4 September 2018). "German conservative seeks to front center-right in EU elections". Reuters. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ José María Magone (2006). The New World Architecture: The Role of the European Union in the Making of Global Governance. New York: Transaction Publishers. p. 130. ISBN 978-0-7658-0279-8.
  8. ^ Vít Hlou?ek; Lubomír Kope?ek (2010). Origin, Ideology and Transformation of Political Parties: East-Central and Western Europe Compared. London: Ashgate Publishing. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-7546-7840-3.
  9. ^ Josep Maria Colomer (2008). "The European Union: A Federal Democratic Empire?". In Josep Maria Colomer (ed.). Comparative European Politics. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 288. ISBN 978-0-415-43755-4.
  10. ^ Karl Magnus Johansson (2009). "The Emergence of Political Parties at European Level: Integration Unaccomplished". In Sverker Gustavsson; Lars Oxelheim; Lars Pehrson (eds.). How Unified Is the European Union?: European Integration Between Visions and Popular Legitimacy. Springer. p. 160. ISBN 978-3-540-95855-0.
  11. ^ "Donald Tusk elected president of European People's Party". Politico. 20 November 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  12. ^ administrator. "EPP | European People's Party". Archived from the original on 1 September 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  13. ^ a b "On the Road Towards Transnational Party Cooperation in Europe" by Steven van Hecke[dead link] in "European View", Volume 3, 2006, from the Centre for European Studies Archived 3 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ a b Claey, P. H.; Loeb-Mayer, N. (1979). "Trans-European Party Groupings: Emergence of New and Alignment of Old Parties in the Light of the Direct Elections to the European Parliament". Government and Opposition. 14 (4): 455. doi:10.1111/j.1477-7053.1979.tb00257.x.
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