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Temporal range: Late Miocene-Late Pliocene, 10.3-3.6 Ma
Eucyon davisi.JPG
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Subfamily: Caninae
Genus: +Eucyon
Tedford and Qiu (1996)[1]

Eucyon (Greek: eu: good, true; cyon: dog) is an extinct genus of small omnivorous coyote-like canid that first appeared in North America during the Miocene, living from 10.3-3.6 Ma and existed for approximately 6.7 million years.[2] The genus is notable because it is proposed that its lineage gave rise to the genus Canis.


Eucyon was named by Tedford and Qiu in 1996.[1] Phyletically it stood between Canis and the South American canines that would follow it.[3]:p56 In 2009, Tedford revised its diagnosis and described two of its species, E. skinneri and E. davisi,[4]:89 which was originally named Canis davisi by Merriam in 1911.[5][4]:89

Eucyon davisi

The jackal-sized Eucyon existed in North America from 10 million YBP until the Early Pliocene.[2]Wang and Tedford proposed that the genus Canis was the descendant of the coyote-like Eucyon davisi, remains of which first appeared in the Miocene (6 million YBP) in the southwestern U.S. and Mexico. By the Pliocene (5 million YBP), the larger Canis lepophagus appeared in the same region and by the Early Pleistocene (1 million YBP) Canis latrans (the coyote) was in existence. They proposed that the progression from Eucyon davisi to C. lepophagus to the coyote was linear evolution.[3]:p58


A small canid the size of a jackal and weighing around 15 kg (33 lb).[3]:p56

Fossil distribution

The fossil remains are confined to the Rio Grande, Texas to western Oregon and northern Nebraska, along with Greece, Ethiopia, Mongolia and many other locations across the Old World.[6]


  1. ^ a b R. H. Tedford and Z. Qiu. 1996. A new canid genus from the Pliocene of Yushe, Shanxi Province. Vertebrata PalAsiatica (Gujizhui Dongwu Xuebao) 34(#1):27-40
  2. ^ a b Fossilworks website Eucyon davisi
  3. ^ a b c Wang, Xiaoming; Tedford, Richard H.; Dogs: Their Fossil Relatives and Evolutionary History. New York: Columbia University Press, 2008.
  4. ^ a b Tedford, Richard H.; Wang, Xiaoming; Taylor, Beryl E. (2009). "Phylogenetic Systematics of the North American Fossil Caninae (Carnivora: Canidae)" (PDF). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 325: 1-218. doi:10.1206/574.1.
  5. ^ Merriam, J.C. 1911. Tertiary mammal beds of Virgin Valley and Thousand Creek in northwestern Nevada. Part 2. Vertebrate faunas. Bulletin of the Department of Geology of the University of California 11: 199-304.
  6. ^ Rook, Lorenzo (December 2009). "The wide ranging genus Eucyon Tedford & Qiu, 1996 (Mammalia, Carnivora, Canidae, Canini) in the Mio-Pliocene of the Old World". Geodiversitas. 31 (4): 723-741. doi:10.5252/g2009n4a723.

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