Enlil-nadin-apli
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Enlil-nadin-apli
Enlil-n?din-apli
King of Babylon
Kudurru of Gula-Eresh.jpg
The Gula-eresh kudurru from the period of Enlil-n?din-apli[i 1]
Reignca. 1103-1100 BC
PredecessorNabû-kudurr?-u?ur
SuccessorMarduk-n?din-a
House2nd Dynasty of Isin

Enlil-n?din-apli, "Enlil (is) giver of an heir," ca. 1103-1100 BC, was the 5th king of the 2nd dynasty of Isin, and the 4th dynasty of Babylon. He was the son and successor of Nabu-kudurri-usur[i 2] and was toppled by a revolt led by his uncle, Marduk-n?din-a.

Biography

Black limestone kudurru of the time of Enlil-n?din-apli,[i 3] in the University Museum, Philadelphia.

There are few contemporary artifacts attesting to his brief rule. A Lorest?n bronze dagger is inscribed with his name and title. A kudurru[i 3] records the outcome of an inquiry instigated by the king in his 4th year into the ownership of a plot of land claimed by a temple estate. Ekarra-eqisha and Eanna-?uma-iddina, the governors of Bit-Sin-magir and Sealand respectively, were charged with the investigation which upheld a claim based on the actions of an earlier king Gulki?ar who had "drawn for Nanse, his divine mistress, a land boundary." It contains perhaps the earliest example of a Distanzangaben statement recording that 696 years had elapsed between Nabû-kudurr?-u?ur, his father, and Gulki?ar, the 6th king of the 1st Dynasty of the Sealand, a contemporary of Samsu-dit?na.[1]

A second undated kudurru[i 1] is reckoned to be from this period, that of Gula-eresh (pictured), because the same governor of Sealand, Eanna-?uma-iddina, also appears on it, this time granting 5 kur of land to his servant.[2] It is particularly noteworthy for the exuberance of its curses:

...may Anu, Enlil, Ea and Ninma? the great gods, curse him with an evil curse that cannot be loosed, may they tear out his foundation, and his seed may they snatch away! May Sin, the great lord, with leprosy as with a garment clothe his body, so that he may dwell by the wall of his city!...[3]

-- Kudurru of Gula-eresh, Column 2 lines 23 to 25, column 3 lines 1 to 5.

The Walker Chronicle[i 4] tells of his campaign against Assur and his subsequent overthrow, "Enlil-n?din-apli, son of Nabû-kudurr?]-u?ur, marched to Assur to conquer (it). [Marduk-n?din-a, brother of N]abû-kudurr?-u?ur, and the nobles rebelled against him and; Enlil-n?din-apli returned to his land and his city. They [kill]ed him with the s[word]."[4]

Inscriptions

  1. ^ a b Dark limestone kudurru BM 102485.
  2. ^ King List C, 5.
  3. ^ a b Kudurru CBM 13, published as BE I/1 83.
  4. ^ Walker Chronicle, BM 27796, 19-21 (reconstructed).

References

  1. ^ Odette Boivin (2016). "15) On the origin of the goddess I?tar-of-the-Sealand, Ayyab?tu". Nouvelles Assyriologiques Brèves et Utilitaires (NABU) (1 (Mars)): 25.
  2. ^ J. A. Brinkman (1968). A political history of post-Kassite Babylonia, 1158-722 B.C. Analecta Orientalia. p. 118.
  3. ^ L. W. King (1912). Babylonian boundary-stones and memorial tablets in the British Museum. London: British Museum. p. 78.
  4. ^ C.B.F. Walker (May 1982). "Babylonian Chronicle 25: A Chronicle of the Kassite and Isin II Dynasties". In G. van Driel (ed.). Assyriological Studies presented to F. R. Kraus on the occasion of his 70th birthday. Netherlands Institute for the Near East. p. 402.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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