English PEN
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English PEN

English PEN is the founding centre of PEN International, the worldwide writers' association. Established in 1921, the organisation promotes freedom of expression and literature across frontiers.[1] English PEN is a registered charity in England and Wales, and is governed by a board of trustees that is elected from and by members. The current President of English PEN is Philippe Sands. The Director is Daniel Gorman[2].


Antony Gormley's Witness, on the piazza of the British Library, London

A cast-iron sculpture entitled Witness, commissioned by English PEN to mark their 90th anniversary and created by Antony Gormley, stands outside the British Library in London. It depicts an empty chair, and is inspired by the symbol used for thirty years by English PEN to represent imprisoned writers around the world. The memorial was unveiled on 13 December 2011.[3]

Presidents of the English PEN Centre

English PEN Centre presidents
John Galsworthy 1921-32
H.G. Wells 1932-36
J.B. Priestley 1937
Henry W. Nevinson 1938
Margaret Storm Jameson 1939-44
Desmond MacCarthy 1945-50
Veronica Wedgwood 1951-57
Richard Church 1958
Alan Pryce-Jones 1959-61
Rosamond Lehmann 1962-66
L. P. Hartley 1967-70
V.S. Pritchett 1971-75
Kathleen Nott 1975
Stephen Spender 1976-77
Lettice Cooper 1977-78
Francis King 1979-85
Michael Holroyd 1986-87
Antonia Fraser 1988-90
Ronald Harwood 1990-93
Josephine Pullein-Thompson 1994-97
Rachel Billington 1998-2000
Victoria Glendinning 2001-03
Alastair Niven 2004-07
Lisa Appignanesi 2008-10
Gillian Slovo 2010-13
Raficq Abdulla (acting president) 2013-14
Maureen Freely 2014-2018
Philippe Sands 2018-


In May 2018 Private Eye identified two lawyers who are members of English PEN's Board of Trustees but who, in the normal course of providing legal services to their clients, were accused of being in conflict with English PEN's primary aim to defend and promote freedom of expression.[4] The accusation is that these two lawyers should have refused to provide legal services to their clients.

Anthony Julius

Anthony Julius is Deputy Chairman of Mishcon de Reya, a British law firm. The Maltese blogger Daphne Caruana Galizia was accused of libel by Mishcon de Reya "on the instruction of both Malta's prime minister and Henley & Partners", prior to her death in 2017. English PEN's public statement on 1 May 2018 about Caruana Galizia says:

Prime Minister Joseph Muscat is also pursuing a libel case against Caruana Galizia's son Matthew Caruana Galizia. The Shift News, an independent media outlet launched after Caruana Galizia's assassination which has pursued a number of her stories, is currently facing the threat of a financially crippling SLAPP (strategic lawsuit against public participation) from the Jersey-based firm Henley & Partners, who had taken legal proceedings against Daphne Caruana Galizia prior to her death.

PEN is seriously concerned about the fact that senior government officials including Prime Minister Joseph Muscat are insisting on trying 34 libel cases against Daphne Caruana Galizia, which have now been assumed by her family. PEN believes that these proceedings are in direct reprisal for her work in investigating corruption within the current Maltese government.[5]

Geraldine Proudler

Geraldine Proudler is a lawyer and partner at Olswang, a London-based law firm, where she is Head of the Reputation and Media Litigation practice.[6] Proudler represented Pavel Karpov, a former Russian Interior Ministry officer, for a 2012 libel action in London against Bill Browder after Browder accused Karpov of involvement in the 2009 death of Sergei Magnitsky. Karpov lost the case and was ordered to pay over £800,000 in costs. In 2016 Karpov was additionally sentenced to three months in prison for contempt of court for non-payment of costs. Over £660,000 of that amount remains unpaid.[7]

In January 2016 the Henry Jackson Society noted:

Karpov retained the services of Andrew Coldicott QC, one of the UK's most expensive libel barristers, and Geraldine Proudler. But exactly how Karpov, whose official monthly salary was US$500, afforded his legal representation (Karpov's court costs alone were estimated at £2 million), is an important question. Browder's barrister Anthony White noted that Karpov "does not have the means to pay for this litigation himself", and alleged "the court cannot be satisfied that the Russian state is not behind the claims in some way".[8]

In The Guardian, journalist Nick Cohen wrote:

I know Anthony Julius vaguely and Geraldine Proudler, one of the Olswang lawyers who went for Browder, was on the board of the Scott Trust that oversees the Guardian and Observer. (She is now on the board of an English PEN that never seems to learn.) I'm sure that in private they love investigative journalism, freedom of thought and expression, democracy and the right to hold the powerful to account. Perhaps the firms to which they belong love money more.[9]


  1. ^ "Media Enquiries - Key Speakers", English PEN.
  2. ^ [1] Daniel Gorman
  3. ^ "The British Library unveils new Antony Gormley sculpture to commemorate English PEN's 90th anniversary". Pressandpolicy.bl.uk. 13 December 2011. Retrieved 2015.
  4. ^ "PEN Palls by Ratbiter, Private Eye Issue 1470". Private Eye. Retrieved 2018.
  5. ^ "Daphne Caruana Galizia: World Press Freedom Day". English PEN. Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ "CMS Olswang, Geraldine Proudler". CMS. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ "UK Judge Sentences ex Russian Police Officer in Magnitsky Case to 3 Months in Prison for Contempt of Court". Law and Order in Russia. Retrieved 2018.
  8. ^ "The Kremlin's Western Lawyers". Henry Jackson Society. Retrieved 2018.
  9. ^ Cohen, Nick (26 May 2018). "The unsavoury alliance between oligarchs and London's top lawyers". The Guardian.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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