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The borough's formation dates back to an election for Road Commissioner in Road District 1 between William Outis Allison and Clinton Blake, a future mayor of Englewood. Blake won the vote, but Allison challenged the result, arguing that women had been improperly allowed to vote. The vote was overturned, but Englewood officials would not seat Allison, which ultimately led to his successful efforts in 1895 to have Road District 1 secede to form the Borough of Englewood Cliffs, with Allison serving as the new municipality's first mayor.
Englewood Cliffs was formed as a borough on May 10, 1895, from portions of the now defunct townships of Englewood Township and Palisades Township, based on the results of a referendum held the previous day. The borough was formed during the "Boroughitis" phenomenon then sweeping through Bergen County, as of one two boroughs created in 1895 after 26 boroughs had been formed in the county in 1894 alone.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 3.329 square miles (8.623 km2), including 2.089 square miles (5.410 km2) of land and 1.24 square miles (3.213 km2) of water (37.26%).
In 2012, Englewood Cliffs was ranked 129th in the nation, and fifth in New Jersey, on the list of most expensive ZIP Codes in the United States by Forbes magazine, with a median home price of $1,439,115. In 2006, the borough was ranked sixth in New Jersey and 78th in the nation in the magazine's rankings, with a median house price of $1,112,500.
There were 1,824 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.1% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.3% were non-families. 14.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the borough, the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 20.0% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 24.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.2 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 86.7 males.
Korean Americans accounted for 20.3% of the borough's population. Englewood Cliffs has witnessed expansion of this demographic from the adjoining Fort Lee Koreatown, as well as from the borough's status as the North American headquarters of the LG Corporation, based in Seoul. The Korean language is spoken at home by more than half of the residents of Englewood Cliffs, according to U.S. Census Bureau data released in 2017.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $101,964 (with a margin of error of +/- $32,516) and the median family income was $126,985 (+/- $37,177). Males had a median income of $88,438 (+/- $9,456) versus $52,950 (+/- $7,757) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $53,260 (+/- $12,101). About 8.0% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 32.7% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 5,322 people, 1,818 households, and 1,559 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,544.3 people per square mile (983.2/km2). There were 1,889 housing units at an average density of 903.1 per square mile (349.0/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 66.84% White, 1.37% African American, 0.04% Native American, 29.69% Asian, 0.71% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.89% of the population.
There were 1,818 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.0% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.2% were non-families. 12.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 20.7% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.8 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $106,478, and the median income for a family was $113,187 in 2000. In 2008, the estimated median income had risen to $134,419. Males had a median income of $79,501 versus $42,019 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $57,399. About 1.4% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 Census, 11.76% of Englewood Cliffs' residents identified themselves as being of Korean ancestry, which was the tenth highest in the United States and eighth highest of any municipality in New Jersey, for all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry. The 2000 census found that 3.4% of Englewood Cliffs residents identified themselves as being of Armenian-American ancestry, the eighth highest percentage of Armenian American people in any place in the United States. In the 2000 census, 8.42% of Englewood Cliffs' residents identified themselves as being of Chinese ancestry. This was the third highest percentage of people with Chinese ancestry in any place in New Jersey with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry. In this same census, 2.91% of Englewood Cliffs' residents identified themselves as being of Japanese ancestry, which was the fifth highest of any municipality in New Jersey -- behind Fort Lee (6.09%), Demarest (3.72%), Edgewater (3.22%) and Leonia (3.07%) -- for all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry. As of the 2010 Census, 20.3% of the population (1,072) reported as being of Korean ancestry, 8.9% (472) Chinese and 5.7% (300) Asian Indian.
LG Electronics held a groundbreaking ceremony on November 14, 2013 to build an environmentally friendly North American headquarters in Englewood Cliffs, having received a favorable legal decision subsequently being appealed based upon building height issues. Protesters have sharply criticized the proposal, arguing that the 143-foot (44 m) height of the building exceeds the borough's 35-foot (11 m) limit and that the height of the building above the tree line will disrupt views of the Palisades.
Englewood Cliffs is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Englewood Cliffs, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2018[update], the Mayor is Republican Mario M. Kranjac, whose term of office ends December 31, 2019. Elected to office in 2015, Kranjac became the borough's first Republican mayor in 40 years. Members of the Englewood Cliffs Borough Council are Council President Carrol McMorrow (R, 2018), Edward Aversa (D, 2020), Gloria Oh (D, 2020), Ellen Park (D, 2019), Mark Park (R, 2018) and William Woo (R, 2019).
As of March 23, 2011[update], there were a total of 3,505 registered voters in Englewood Cliffs, of which 1,069 (30.5% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 761 (21.7% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 1,675 (47.8% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 66.4% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 84.6% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 1,369 votes (54.6% vs. 43.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 1,086 votes (43.3% vs. 54.8%) and other candidates with 19 votes (0.8% vs. 0.9%), among the 2,506 ballots cast by the borough's 3,697 registered voters, for a turnout of 67.8% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County). In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 1,415 votes (51.0% vs. 44.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 1,301 votes (46.9% vs. 53.9%) and other candidates with 20 votes (0.7% vs. 0.8%), among the 2,775 ballots cast by the borough's 3,674 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.5% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County). In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 1,457 votes (52.1% vs. 47.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 1,316 votes (47.0% vs. 51.7%) and other candidates with 11 votes (0.4% vs. 0.7%), among the 2,799 ballots cast by the borough's 3,594 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.9% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 74.2% of the vote (1,182 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 24.9% (397 votes), and other candidates with 0.9% (14 votes), among the 1,669 ballots cast by the borough's 3,528 registered voters (76 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 47.3%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,059 votes (51.5% vs. 45.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 879 votes (42.7% vs. 48.0%), Independent Chris Daggett with 54 votes (2.6% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 12 votes (0.6% vs. 0.5%), among the 2,057 ballots cast by the borough's 3,588 registered voters, yielding a 57.3% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).
Emergency medical services (EMS) are provided to the borough of Englewood Cliffs by Englewood Hospital and Medical Center under the terms of an agreement between the borough and the hospital.
The borough had been served by the Englewood Cliffs Volunteer Ambulance Corps, which was staffed by trained and certified Emergency Medical Technicians who were on call from 7:00 PM to 6:00 AM on weekdays and 24/7 on weekends. ECVAC maintained three vehicles, two Ford Type-III ambulances and a Chevy Tahoe SUV and responded to an average of over 300 medical emergencies each year. The ECVAC was disbanded in August 2012 by the Mayor and Council of Englewood Cliffs, citing delays in providing prompt emergency response to borough residents due to the lack of volunteers, and replaced by a contract with Englewood Hospital and Medical Center.
The borough does not have its own public library. After a 47-year-long relationship with the Englewood Public Library under which the borough paid $225,000 to allow borough residents to use the city's library, Englewood Cliffs started negotiations in 2016 with other municipalities to pay for privileges elsewhere.
^Harvey, Cornelius Burnham. Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey, p. 11, New Jersey Genealogical Publishing Company, 1900. Accessed September 15, 2013. "For a period of sixteen years following the passage of this act few boroughs were organized in the State, only three of them being in Bergen County.... As it was twenty-six boroughs were in the county from January 23, 1894, to December 18, of the same year."
^Quartuccio, Alana. "Study Predicts Englewood Cliffs LG Project Will Bring Huge Revenue Boost", Englewood-EnglewoodCliffs Patch, September 3, 2013. Accessed September 15, 2017. "Both near and long-term benefits are expected said County Executive Kathleen Donovan in a statement Tuesday which reports that the study shows more than $500 million in direct, indirect and induced revenues will come to the state, region and county and borough over the next 20-years."
^About CNBC U.S., CNBC. Accessed December 24, 2016. "The network's 15 live hours a day of business programming in North America (weekdays from 4:00 a.m. - 7:00 p.m. ET) is produced at CNBC's global headquarters in Englewood Cliffs, N.J., and includes reports from CNBC News bureaus worldwide."
^Corporate Profile, LG Electronics. Accessed September 15, 2017. "Based in Englewood Cliffs, N.J., LG Electronics USA, Inc., (LGEUS) is the North American subsidiary of LG Electronics, Inc., a $48.5-billion global force in consumer electronics, home appliances and mobile communications. "
^"Unilever to Move Chicago Office To North America Headquarters in New Jersey", Unilever press release dated November 10, 2009, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 16, 2010. Accessed September 15, 2017. "Unilever, one of the world's largest consumer goods companies, [NYSE: UN, UL] announced today that it is combining its Chicago-based antiperspirants, deodorant and hair care group with its skin care business, to create a Personal Care (PC) business unit based at the company's North America headquarters in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. As a result of the integration, Unilever will close the Chicago offices by July 2010."
^Baker, Rebecca. "Dozens of protestors show up at LG groundbreaking in Englewood Cliffs", The Record (Bergen County), November 14, 2013, backed up by the Internet Archive as of September 19, 2016. Accessed September 15, 2017. "LG Electronics broke ground Thursday on its $300 million North American headquarters in grand style, with a string quartet, catered food and congratulatory speeches, all under a sprawling heated outdoor tent in Englewood Cliffs.... The protest was organized by Protect the Palisades, a coalition of preservation and cultural groups, some of which are suing Englewood Cliffs for allowing LG to exceed the borough's 35-foot height limit on buildings. The 143-foot-high headquarters the company is building would be visible above the tree line along the Hudson River cliffs and the first high-rise north of Fort Lee."
^Snavely, Brent. "Maserati is headed to Auburn Hills offices", Detroit Free Press, April 12, 2017. Accessed September 15, 2017. "Maserati is planning to move its North American headquarters from New Jersey to the former Walter P. Chrysler Museum in Auburn Hills this year so it can be closer to its parent company, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles.... Shanley declined to say how many people will be making the move but made it clear that only a few positions would remain in Englewood Cliffs, N.J."
^Albrizio, Lianna. "Englewood Cliffs contracts with hospital for ambulance services", Northern Valley Suburbanite, August 16, 2012, backed up by the Internet Archive as of March 7, 2016. Accessed September 15, 2017. "Disgruntled and blindsided by the council's recent decision to contract Englewood Hospital and Medical Center for the borough's ambulance service, members of the Englewood Cliffs Volunteer Ambulance Corps came to the Aug. 8 council meeting to vent their disfavor.
^Upper School, Englewood Cliffs Public Schools. Accessed December 24, 2016.
^District Information, Englewood Cliffs Public Schools. Accessed May 28, 2017. "The Englewood Cliffs School District is a culturally diverse Pre-K through 8 school district consisting of two schools, the North Cliff School (Grades Pre-K - 2) and the Upper School (Grades 3 - 8)."
^McGrath, Matthew. "Englewood library seeks payment from borough neighbor", The Record (Bergen County), June 18, 2016, backed up by the Internet Archive as of November 7, 2016. Accessed September 15, 2017. "Englewood Cliffs residents have borrowed books from the city library for the past 47 years. So, when the $225,000 a year contract between the city and the borough ended at the end of 2015, the library board continued to lend books to Englewood Cliffs residents on good faith while officials from either side hashed out a new contract."
^Tsai, Jason. Ewing takes stand - barely, The Record (Bergen County), October 27, 2006, backed up by the Internet Archive as of March 6, 2016. Accessed September 15, 2017. "Former NBA star Patrick Ewing told jurors Thursday that he felt 'violated' and frightened for his family's safety after his Englewood Cliffs home was ransacked seven years ago of more than $300,000 in property."
^About, Anjli Jain. Accessed November 9, 2013. "Anjli lived in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey until 2003 when she moved to Cleveland, Ohio after being recruited to become the Executive Director for the CampusEAI Consortium."
^Staff. "Emily Remler Dies On Australia Tour; Guitarist Was 32", The New York Times, May 8, 1990. Accessed November 25, 2017. "Emily Remler, a jazz guitarist in the be-bop tradition, died of a heart attack on Friday while on tour in Sydney, Australia, the Associated Press reported yesterday. She was 32 years old. Ms. Remler was born in Englewood Cliffs, N.J., and started playing folk and then rock guitar."
^"2 Mob Drug Dealers Convicted", The New York Times, July 26, 1988. Accessed March 1, 2012. "Mr. Squitieri and Mr. Sisca, both from Englewood Cliffs, N.J., were described by Federal authorities as close associates of John Gotti, whom the authorities identified as the leader of the Gambino family."