Enakalle
Get Enakalle essential facts below. View Videos or join the Enakalle discussion. Add Enakalle to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Enakalle
Enakalle
?
King of Umma
Stone tablet re Il, king of Umma, c. 2400 BC - Oriental Institute Museum, University of Chicago - DSC07155 (orientation).jpg
Stone tablet for the dedication of a temple, inscribed by Il, king of Umma, c. 2400 BC, and mentioning his father Eandamu (?), and his grandfather King Enakalle. Oriental Institute Museum, University of Chicago
Reignc. 2500  BC - 2400  BC
PredecessorUsh
SuccessorUr-Lumma (son)
Dynasty1st Dynasty of Umma

Enakalle (Sumerian: ?, EN.A.KAL-le), or Enakalli, was the king of Umma circa 2500-2400 BC, a Sumerian city-state, during the Early Dynastic III period (2600-2350 BC).

Enakalle in the cone of Entemena

His predecessor Ush, ruler of Umma, attacked nearby Lagash after ripping out the stele of Mesilim, trying to take Gu-Edin, as recording in the Cone of Entemena.[1][2] Ush was severely defeated by Eannatum of Lagash, in a battle recorded in the Stele of the Vultures, losing 3,600 men in battle, and being toppled and put to death by his own people in Lagash.[3]

Enakalle, his successor, finally made a peace treaty with Eannatum of Lagash, as described in the Cone of Entemena:[1][2][3]

Sumerian Cuneiform Stone Cone. Cone of Enmetena, king of Lagash.jpg
32-38

? ? ? ?
e2-an-na-tum2 ensi2 laga?ki pa-bil3-ga en-mete-na ensi2 laga?ki-ka-ke4
"Eannatum, ruler of Lagash, uncle of Entemena, ruler of Laga?"
39-42
? ? ?
en-a2-kal-le ensi2 ummaki-da ki e-da-sur
"fixed the border with Enakalle, ruler of Umma"

Extract from the Cone of Enmetena, Room 236 Reference AO 3004, Louvre Museum.[4][5]
Il was king of Umma, circa 2400 BCE.

Enakalle in inscriptions

Ur-Lumma was the son of Enakalle, and his successor. He challenged Enannatum I, but was defeated by his successor Enmetena.[6][7]

References

  1. ^ a b King 1994, pp. 126-128.
  2. ^ a b King & Hall 2006, pp. 171-173.
  3. ^ a b Sallaberger, Walther; Schrakamp, Ingo (2015). History & Philology (PDF). Walther Sallaberger & Ingo Schrakamp (eds), Brepols. pp. 74-76. ISBN 978-2-503-53494-7.
  4. ^ "Cone of Enmetena, king of Lagash". 2020.
  5. ^ "CDLI-Found Texts". cdli.ucla.edu. Retrieved .
  6. ^ Van De Mieroop, Marc (2004). A History of the Ancient Near East: Ca. 3000-323 BC. Wiley. pp. 50-51. ISBN 9780631225522.
  7. ^ Sallaberger, Walther; Schrakamp, Ingo (2015). History & Philology (PDF). Walther Sallaberger & Ingo Schrakamp (eds), Brepols. pp. 74-80. ISBN 978-2-503-53494-7.
  8. ^ "Louvre Museum Official Website". cartelen.louvre.fr.
  9. ^ Art of the First Cities: The Third Millennium B.C. from the Mediterranean to the Indus. Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2003. p. 78. ISBN 978-1-58839-043-1.
  10. ^ Thomas, Ariane; Potts, Timothy (2020). Mesopotamia: Civilization Begins. Getty Publications. p. 108. ISBN 978-1-60606-649-2.

Sources



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Enakalle
 



 



 
Music Scenes