Emperor %C5%8Cgimachi
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Emperor %C5%8Cgimachi
?gimachi
Emperor Ogimachi2.jpg
Emperor of Japan
ReignOctober 27, 1557 - December 17, 1586
PredecessorGo-Nara
SuccessorGo-Y?zei
Sh?guns
BornMichihito ()
June 18, 1517
DiedFebruary 6, 1593(1593-02-06) (aged 75)
Burial
Fukakusa no kita no Misasagi, Kyoto
SpouseMadenok?ji (Fujiwara) Fusako
Issue
among others...
Princess Eik?
Prince Masahito
HouseYamato
FatherEmperor Go-Nara
MotherMadenok?ji (Fujiwara) Eiko

Emperor ?gimachi ( ?gimachi-tenn?, June 18, 1517 - February 6, 1593) was the 106th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from October 27, 1557, to his abdication on December 17, 1586, corresponding to the transition between the Sengoku period and the Azuchi-Momoyama period. His personal name was Michihito ().[1]

Genealogy

?gimachi was the first son of Emperor Go-Nara.

  • Lady-in-waiting: Madenok?ji (Fujiwara) Fusako (? ; d.1580) later Seiko-in (), Madenok?ji Hidefusa's daughter
    • Second daughter: Princess Eik? (1540-1551; ?)
    • Third daughter: (b.1543)
    • Eldest son: Imperial Prince Masahito (?, Masahito-shinn?, 1552-1586), also known as Prince Sanehito and posthumously named Y?kw?in daij?-tenn?. Masahito's eldest son was Imperial Prince Kazuhito (?, Kazuhito-shinn?, 1572-1617) who became Emperor Go-Y?zei.[2] Go-Y?zei elevated the rank of his father, even though his father's untimely death made this impossible in life. In this manner, Go-Y?zei himself could enjoy the polite fiction of being the son of an emperor.
    • Daughter: (1562-1567) (Mother speculated)
  • Lady-in-waiting: Asukai Masatsuna's daughter
    • daughter:  (?; 1549-1569)
    • daughter: Princess Eisho (?; 1563-1571)
  • Lady-in-waiting: Dai-Naishi (), Madenok?ji Katafusa's daughter
    • First Daughter: (1539-1543)

Events of ?gimachi's life

?gimachi became Emperor upon the death of Emperor Go-Nara.

  • 1560 (Eiroku 3, 1st month)gimachi was proclaimed emperor. The ceremonies of coronation were made possible because they were paid for by M?ri Motonari and others.[3]
  • 1560 (Eiroku 3, 5th month): Imagawa Yoshimoto led the armies of the province of Suruga against the Owari; and at the Battle of Okehazama, his forces fought against Oda Nobunaga; but Imagawa's army was vanquished and he was slain. Then Nobunaga took over the province of Owari. Tokugawa Ieyasu took over the province of Mikawa and made himself master of Okazaki Castle.[1]
  • 1564 (Eiroku 7): Oda Nobunaga completed the conquest of Mino; and he built a new castle at Gifu.[4]
  • 1568 (Eiroku 11, 2nd month): Ashikaga Yoshihide became sh?gun.[5]
  • 1568 (Eiroku 11, 9th month): Sh?gun Yoshihide died from a contagious disease.[5]

The finances of the emperor and his court were greatly strained. The authority of the Imperial Court also began to fall, but this trend reversed after Oda Nobunaga entered Kyoto in a show of allegiance but which also indicated that the Emperor had the Oda clan's support. Frequently using the Emperor as a mediator when fighting enemies, Nobunaga worked to unify the disparate elements to Japan. However, by around 1573, Nobunaga began demanding the Emperor's abdication, but the Emperor refused.

Before political power was transferred to Toyotomi Hideyoshi, in order to take advantage of ?gimachi's authority, the power of the Imperial Family was increased. In this way, Hideyoshi and the Imperial Family entered into a mutually beneficial relationship.

In January of the year Tensh? 14 (1586), the regent had the Golden Tea Room brought to Kyoto Imperial Palace to host the emperor there.[6]

In 1586, Emperor ?gimachi abdicated in favor of his grandson, Imperial Prince Katahito (?), who became the Emperor Go-Y?zei.[7] ?gimachi retired to the Senn?da Palace. On February 6, 1593, he died.

During ?gimachi's reign, with the assistance of Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the imperial family was able to halt the political, financial, and cultural decline it had been in since the ?nin War, and began a time of recovery.

?gimachi is enshrined with other emperors at the imperial tomb called Fukakusa no kita no misasagi (?) in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto.[8]

Kugy?

Kugy? () is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During ?gimachi's reign, this apex of the Daij?-kan included:

Eras of ?gimachi's reign

The years of ?gimachi's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or neng?.[1]


Ancestry

[10]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Titsingh, I. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, p. 383.
  2. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Imperial House, p. 424; this Imperial Prince was enshrined in Tsukinowa no misasagi at Senny?-ji.
  3. ^ Titsingh, p. 383; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinn? Sh?t?ki, p. 44; n.b., a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jit?, Y?zei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
  4. ^ Titsingh, P. 385.
  5. ^ a b Titsingh, p. 386.
  6. ^ Murase, Miyeko. Turning Point: Oribe and the Arts of Sixteenth-century Japan. p. 7.
  7. ^ Following ?gimachi, no other emperor remained on the throne past the age of 40 until 1817, when Emperor K?kaku abdicated at age 47.
  8. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 423.
  9. ^ Citation based on ?, retrieved from the Japanese popflock.com resource on July 14, 2007.
  10. ^ "Genealogy". Reichsarchiv (in Japanese). Retrieved 2018.

References

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Go-Nara
Emperor of Japan:
?gimachi

1557-1586
Succeeded by
Emperor Go-Y?zei

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