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Prior to 1916, the area was known as Dundee Lake, a section of Saddle River Township. Residents of the Dundee Lake area voted on April 18, 1916, to secede from Saddle River Township to form the Borough of East Paterson. In 1917, residents of the Rosemont section of Saddle River Township voted to be annexed to East Paterson. In November 1972, residents voted to change the name of the borough to Elmwood Park. The new name became official on January 1, 1973.
Elmwood Park, being located in Bergen County, has strict blue laws, which require most retailers to be closed on Sunday.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.758 square miles (7.143 km2), including 2.648 square miles (6.858 km2) of land and 0.110 square miles (0.285 km2) of water (3.99%).
There were 7,032 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.9% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.25.
In the borough, the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.5 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 88.9 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $66,719 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,506) and the median family income was $75,587 (+/- $4,326). Males had a median income of $50,943 (+/- $1,704) versus $41,654 (+/- $3,193) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $29,959 (+/- $2,217). About 3.7% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.
There were 7,089 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the borough the population was spread out with 20.9% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $52,319, and the median income for a family was $59,131. Males had a median income of $40,684 versus $39,535 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $28,588. About 4.7% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.
Elmwood Park is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2017[update], Republican Robert Colletti is serving as mayor, following the death of Richard A. Mola, who had served continuously as mayor for nearly 45 years, from 1972 (a year before the borough's name was changed from East Paterson) until his death on October 20, 2016; Colletti will serve until the November 2017 general election, when voters will choose a candidate to serve the two years remaining on Mola's term of office. Members of the Elmwood Park Borough Council are Council President Magdalena Giandomenico (R, 2018), Frank Caramagna (D, 2016), Anthony Chirdo (R, 2018), Joseph Dombrowski (D, 2019), Daniel Golabek (D, 2019), Louis Vuoncino (R, 2017) and Keith Work (R, 2017; appointed to serve an unexpired term).
Keith Work was appointed to fill the seat expiring in December 2017 that was vacated by Robert Colletti when he was appointed as mayor.
In September 2016, the borough council selected Frank Caramagna, a former councilmember, to fill the seat expiring in December 2016 that had been held by Democrat Stephen Martino until his resignation earlier that month after announcing that he was moving out of the borough.
On November 7, 2017, Frank Caramagna Won the Mayoral Election to finish off Former Mayor Richard Mola's term. He will be the first Democratic Mayor of Elmwood Park as it has been previously under Republican control for over 40 years.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 10,470 registered voters in Elmwood Park, of which 3,256 (31.1% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,898 (18.1% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 5,312 (50.7% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 54.0% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 68.2% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 4,506 votes (60.6% vs. 54.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 2,790 votes (37.5% vs. 43.5%) and other candidates with 59 votes (0.8% vs. 0.9%), among the 7,434 ballots cast by the borough's 11,262 registered voters, for a turnout of 66.0% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County). In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 4,462 votes (55.0% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 3,459 votes (42.7% vs. 44.5%) and other candidates with 93 votes (1.1% vs. 0.8%), among the 8,109 ballots cast by the borough's 11,201 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.4% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 4,246 votes (54.3% vs. 51.7% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 3,474 votes (44.4% vs. 47.2%) and other candidates with 56 votes (0.7% vs. 0.7%), among the 7,819 ballots cast by the borough's 10,922 registered voters, for a turnout of 71.6% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 58.8% of the vote (2,498 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 39.9% (1,695 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (57 votes), among the 4,383 ballots cast by the borough's 10,906 registered voters (133 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 40.2%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 2,297 ballots cast (48.4% vs. 48.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 2,099 votes (44.2% vs. 45.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 264 votes (5.6% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 27 votes (0.6% vs. 0.5%), among the 4,750 ballots cast by the borough's 10,758 registered voters, yielding a 44.2% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).
Despite boasting several state championship football teams in the early 1970s, the Elmwood Park High School Crusaders football team went into a lengthy period of decline. The Crusader football team had a 41-game losing streak in effect from 2002 until September 30, 2006, when they defeated the Manchester Regional High School Falcons, 33-14, snapping the four-year-long losing streak.
Elmwood Park has a fire department that consists of four fire stations. Station 1 (E1-R1) is located on Grove Street. Station 2 (E2-R2-Marine 1 and 2) is located on Parkview Avenue. Station 3 (E3) is located on Veterans Place. And station 4 (T4) is located at the intersection of Boulevard and Veterans Place. 
Elmwood Park also has a volunteer ambulance corps, located on Falmouth Avenue. 
Elmwood Park has a police department located on Market Street. 
White supremacist groups had been meeting at a local branch of the Junior Order of United American Mechanics since the 1990s. David Duke stopped there during his 1988 presidential campaign. On September 25, 2007, the locks were changed, reported the secretary treasurer of the JOUAM. At this time, he states, "As soon as we found out, we took action," referring to the revelation that some members of the Junior Order chapter were white power activists. Numerous boxes containing tapes and books were recovered by the police, which were sent to the FBI.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Elmwood Park include:
^ abcdeMola, Geraldine. A Brief History of Elmwood Park, Borough of Elmwood Park. Accessed September 14, 2017. "After its passage, Dundee Lake residents voted on April 18, 1916, to secede from Saddle River Township. The new town was quickly incorporated as the Borough of East Paterson, and by June, citizens had elected its first public officials. One year later, residents from the Rosemont section of Saddle River Township voted to be annexed to East Paterson, extending the new Borough's borders.... The 1940s introduced many changes as large tracts of land were purchased for development. Early in the decade the Cherry Hill section was bought by the government to build much needed housing for workers in nearby defense factories, including Wright's local aeronautical plant."
^Verdon, Joan. "Foes of Bergen County blue laws gear up again", The Record (Bergen County), February 3, 2013, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 15, 2016. Accessed September 14, 2017. "Bergen County's blue laws -- the rules that keep most of the county's stores closed on Sundays -- are being scrutinized for signs of weakness by groups that believe the time is right to repeal them.... Bergen County is the last county in the state to retain blue laws, which prohibit sales of certain goods on Sundays, and keep all of the county's department stores and malls closed, with the exception of mall restaurants and movie theaters."
^Hoey, Alexandra. "Robert Colletti voted interim mayor in Elmwood Park", The Record (Bergen County), November 15, 2016. Accessed December 1, 2016. "Following the sudden death of Richard Mola, one the country's longest-serving mayors, Elmwood Park's borough council has approved Robert Colletti as interim mayor.... Colletti will serve as interim mayor through the November 2017 general election, when a special election will be held."
^Koloff, Abbott; and Janoski, Steve. "Richard Mola, longtime Elmwood Park mayor and former Bergen freeholder, dies at 80", The Record (Bergen County), October 21, 2016, backed up by the Internet Archive as of October 22, 2016. Accessed September 14, 2017. "A Republican, Mola, 80, had survived numerous political challenges and was elected last year to his 12th consecutive term. He said he was the only mayor in Elmwood Park's history because he was first elected to the office in 1972, before the borough's name was changed from East Paterson in 1973.... Kazmark said the Borough Council would soon select an interim mayor from a list of three candidates to be put forward by the Bergen County Republican Organization. Until then, Council President Louis Vuoncino is the acting mayor. Residents will select a mayor to fill the remainder of Mola's term, which expires in 2019, in November next year, Kazmark said."
^Milsop, Matthew. "Former council president picked to come back to Elmwood Park Council", Community News (Elmwood Park edition), September 21, 2016, backed up by the Internet Archive as of December 20, 2016. Accessed September 14, 2017. "Former Councilman Frank Caramagna has been selected to fill the seat of Stephen Martino. The governing body picked Caramagna to become a member of the council at a meeting on Sept. 15. Martino, a Democrat, whose term expires Dec. 31, resigned on Sept. 1."
^Conley, Jen. "Giants Name Elmwood Park's Luciani Coach Of The Week", New York Giants, October 3, 2006. Accessed April 12, 2011. "Elmwood Park Memorial High School football, notorious in Northern New Jersey for its 41 game losing streak, finally snapped that record by defeating Manchester Regional High School 33-14 and winning its first game since 2002."
^Brubaker, Paul. "Meeting hall owner changes the locks", Herald News, September 28, 2007, backed up by the Internet Archive as of October 24, 2007. Accessed September 14, 2017. "ELMWOOD PARK -- For years, the community tolerated white supremacists promulgating intolerance under the First Amendment's protection at a tiny meeting hall off of Interstate 80."
^Zeichner, Naomi. "Interview: ASAP Rocky", The Fader, September 8, 2011. Accessed January 2, 2012. "Last year, ASAP Rocky left Manhattan and moved to Elmwood Park, New Jersey with his mom and little sister."
^Romano, Jay. "On the Road With Cary Edwards", The New York Times, April 25, 1993. Accessed December 5, 2013. "W. Cary Edwards, 48, was born in Ridgewood and grew up in Bergen County. When he was 11 years old, his parents separated, and he moved with his mother, Virginia, and a brother and a sister to East Paterson."
^Kubasik, Bn. "TV Spots", Newsday, June 23, 1989. Accessed December 5, 2013. "Mihalik's Advice to Graduates WNYW/5 anchor Cora Ann Mihalik, class of '72, Elmwood Park (NJ) High School, returns to offer pointers to tonight's graduates."
^Staff. "Liv Morgan is livin' the dream in NXT ", WWE. Accessed April 22, 2017. "Liv's love of WWE consumed her so much that she and her four older brothers built a makeshift ring in the backyard of their Elmwood Park, N.J., home."
^Iannazzone, Al. "Vitale continues fight against cancer for old lost pal Valvano", The Record (Bergen County), September 25, 2011, backed up by the Internet Archive as of September 19, 2016. Accessed September 14, 2017. "Dick Vitale stood behind Jim Valvano during his moving, unforgettable speech more than 18 years ago and continues standing by a promise he made his dear friend.... Vitale has made it his life's mission.Using his greatest gifts - his voice and his passion - the Elmwood Park native has been a driving force in The V Foundation raising more than $100 million for cancer research."