Elliott H. Lieb
|Alma mater||Massachusetts Institute of Technology |
University of Birmingham
|Known for||Araki-Lieb-Thirring inequality |
Lieb's square ice constant
Strong Subadditivity of Quantum Entropy
Lieb-Yngvason Entropy principle
Wehrl entropy conjecture
1-D Hubbard model
|Awards||Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics (1978)|
Max Planck medal
Birkhoff Prize (1988)
Boltzmann medal (1998)
Rolf Schock Prizes in Mathematics (2001)
Levi L. Conant Prize (2002)
Henri Poincaré Prize (2003)
|Doctoral advisor||Samuel Frederick Edwards|
Gerald Edward Brown
Elliott Hershel Lieb (born July 31, 1932) is an American mathematical physicist and professor of mathematics and physics at Princeton University who specializes in statistical mechanics, condensed matter theory, and functional analysis.
In particular, his scientific works pertain to: the quantum and classical many-body problem,atomic structure, the stability of matter, the theory of magnetism, and the Hubbard model.
Lieb is a prolific author in mathematics and physics with over 300 publications. He received his B.S. in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1953 and his Ph.D. in mathematical physics from the University of Birmingham in England in 1956. Lieb was a Fulbright Fellow at Kyoto University, Japan (1956-1957), and worked as the Staff Theoretical Physicist for IBM from 1960 to 1963. In 1961-1962, Lieb was on leave as professor of applied mathematics at Fourah Bay College, the University of Sierra Leone.
He has been a professor at Princeton since 1975, following a leave from his professorship at MIT. Lieb has been awarded several prizes in mathematics and physics, including the 1978 Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics of the American Physical Society and the American Institute of Physics (1978), the Max Planck Medal of the German Physical Society (1992), the Boltzmann medal of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (1998), the Schock Prize (2001), and the Henri Poincaré Prize of the International Association of Mathematical Physics (2003). Lieb is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and has twice served (1982-1984 and 1997-1999) as the President of the International Association of Mathematical Physics. Lieb was awarded the Austrian Decoration for Science and Art in 2002. In 2012 he became a fellow of the American Mathematical Society and in 2013 a Foreign Member of the Royal Society.
He is married to fellow Princeton professor Christiane Fellbaum.