New South Wales--Legislative Assembly
Location within Sydney
|State||New South Wales|
|Area||23.56 km2 (9.1 sq mi)|
Willoughby is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. It is represented by Gladys Berejiklian of the Liberal Party, who is the current Premier of New South Wales.
Willoughby was an electoral district of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, first created in 1894 with the abolition of multi-member electoral districts from part of St Leonards, and named after and including the Sydney suburb of Willoughby. It was abolished in 1904 and re-established in 1913. In 1920 with the introduction of proportional representation, it was absorbed into the multi-member electorate of Ryde along with Burwood and Gordon. It was recreated in 1927 with the return to single-member electorates. It was abolished in 1988, with most of its territory becoming Middle Harbour. In 1991, Middle Harbour was abolished and replaced by a recreated Willoughby.
Like most seats in the North Shore, Willoughby is a stronghold for the Liberal Party. Counting its time as Middle Harbour, the Liberals or their predecessors have held the seat for all but two terms since the return to single-member seats in 1927. The one break in this tradition came in the "Wranslide" of 1978, when a split in the Liberal vote allowed Labor's Eddie Britt to sweep into office. However, a redistribution ahead of the 1981 election erased Britt's majority and made Willoughby notionally Liberal. Britt narrowly lost to future state opposition leader Peter Collins even in the face of the second "Wranslide."
Since then, Labor has usually run dead in Willoughby, and on some occasions has been pushed into third place. The only time the Liberal hold on the seat has been seriously threatened since the 1980s came on Collins' retirement in 2003. Pat Reilly, the longtime mayor of the City of Willoughby, ran as an independent and nearly defeated Liberal Gladys Berejiklian on Labor preferences. However, the seat reverted to form when Berejiklian easily dispatched Reilly in a rematch. Berejiklian has held the seat without serious difficulty ever since.
|First incarnation (1894-1904)|
|Joseph Cullen ||Free Trade||1894-1894|
|Edward Clark ||Free Trade||1894-1895|
|George Howarth ||Free Trade||1895-1901|
|Charles Wade ||Liberal Reform||1903-1904|
|Second incarnation (1913-1920)|
|Edward Larkin ||Labor||1913-1915|
|John Haynes ||Independent Democrat||1915-1917|
|Reginald Weaver ||Nationalist||1917-1920|
|Third incarnation (1927-1988)|
|Edward Sanders ||Ind. Nationalist||1927-1930|
|George Brain ||United Australia||1943-1943|
|Laurie McGinty ||Liberal||1968-1977|
|Eddie Britt ||Labor||1978-1981|
|Peter Collins ||Liberal||1981-1988|
|Fourth incarnation (1991-present)|
|Peter Collins ||Liberal||1991-2003|
|Gladys Berejiklian ||Liberal||2003-present|
|Keep Sydney Open||Tom Crowley||1,403||2.93||+2.93|
|Animal Justice||Emma Bennett||1,040||2.17||+2.17|
|Sustainable Australia||Greg Graham||779||1.63||+1.63|
|Total formal votes||47,857||98.09||+0.53|