Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Poland
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Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Poland
Eleonore of Austria
Eleanor of Austria.jpg
Queen consort of Poland
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania
Tenure27 February 1670 - 10 November 1673
Coronation29 September 1670
Duchess consort of Lorraine
Tenure6 February 1678 - 18 April 1690
Born(1653-05-21)21 May 1653
Regensburg
Died17 December 1697(1697-12-17) (aged 44)
Vienna, Austria
Burial
Spouse
(m. 1670; died 1673)
(m. 1678; died 1690)
Issue
Full name
Eleonor Maria Josefa
HouseHabsburg
FatherFerdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
MotherEleanor Gonzaga
ReligionRoman Catholicism
SignatureEleonore of Austria's signature

Eleonore Maria Josefa of Austria (Polish: Eleonora; 21 May 1653 – 17 December 1697) was Queen of Poland by marriage to king Micha? Korybut Wi?niowiecki and Duchess of Lorraine by marriage to Charles V, Duke of Lorraine.

Family

Born in Regensburg, Eleonore was the daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III and Eleanor of Mantua.

Queen of Poland

Eleonore married Michael Korybut Wi?niowiecki, king of Poland and grand duke of Lithuania, on 27 February 1670 in the Jasna Góra Monastery.[1] They had one stillborn son on 29 November 1670. In 1671, she had a miscarriage. The opposition of Michael spread rumors that Michael forced her to fake pregnancies, but this is not considered likely. Queen Eleonore was regarded as a model of goodness, softness and loyalty toward her spouse. She learned Polish, although she preferred Latin, and accompanied Michael on his official journeys around Poland. She was guided in her role as queen by her lady-in-waiting Klara Izabella Pacowa, who became her influential favorite.

King Michael died on 10 November 1673.[2] She remained in Poland for a couple of years after his death.

Duchess of Lorraine

Eleonore married Charles V of Lorraine on 4 February 1678 in Wiener Neustadt, Austria.[3] The couple resided in Innsbrück in Austria. They were the parents of six children. She passed to her heirs the inheritance of the Gonzaga of Mantua.

Eleonore died at the age of 44, having outlived both of her husbands and two of her children.

Sarcophagus of Eleonore of Austria, Kapuzinergruft, Vienna, Austria

Issue

See also

References

  1. ^ Davies 1982, p. 398, 471.
  2. ^ Davies 1982, p. 472.
  3. ^ Lipp 2011, p. 82.

Sources

  • Davies, Norman (1982). God's Playground:A History of Poland. Vol. I. Columbia University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Lipp, Charles T. (2011). Noble Strategies in an Early Modern Small State: The Mahuet of Lorraine. University of Rochester Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
Eleonore of Austria, Queen of Poland
Born: 31 May 1653 Died: 17 Dec 1697
Royal titles
Vacant
Title last held by
Marie Louise Gonzaga
Queen consort of Poland
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania

1670-1673
Vacant
Title next held by
Marie Casimire Louise de La Grange d'Arquien
Vacant
Title last held by
Marie Louise d'Aspremont
Duchess consort of Lorraine
1678-1690
Vacant
Title next held by
Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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