El with hook (? ?; italics: ? ?) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. Its form is derived from the Cyrillic letter El (? ?) by adding a hook to the bottom of the right leg.
El with hook was officially added to the Chukchi alphabet in the late 1980s. The letter was first used in a Chukchi language primer that was published in 1996 ( ?), replacing the Cyrillic letter ⟨?⟩ to reduce confusion with the different pronunciation of the Russian letter of the same form.
El with descender (? ?) is the nineteenth letter of the Itelmen, introduced with the new Cyrillic alphabet during 1984-1988. In some publications El with hook is substituted by El with descender.
El with hook has been in use in the Khanty since 1990. El with hook and El with descender are considered variants of the same letter in Khanty, their use depends on the particular publisher.
^Burykin, A. A. (2000). ? ? ? [Research in phonetics of the North Russian Indigenous Languages and the Problems of Development of Their Writing Systems] (PDF). ? ? ? (Language and Speech Activity) (in Russian). .3: 150-180. ISSN1560-2974.