El With Hook
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El With Hook
Cyrillic letter
El with hook
Cyrillic letter el with hook.svg
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
Non-Slavic letters
Archaic letters

El with hook (? ?; italics: ? ?) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. Its form is derived from the Cyrillic letter El (? ?) by adding a hook to the bottom of the right leg.

El with hook was officially added to the Chukchi alphabet in the late 1980s.[1] The letter was first used in a Chukchi language primer that was published in 1996 ( ?), replacing the Cyrillic letter ⟨?⟩ to reduce confusion with the different pronunciation of the Russian letter of the same form.

El with descender (? ?) is the nineteenth letter of the Itelmen, introduced with the new Cyrillic alphabet during 1984-1988. In some publications El with hook is substituted by El with descender.[2]

El with hook has been in use in the Khanty since 1990.[3] El with hook and El with descender are considered variants of the same letter in Khanty, their use depends on the particular publisher.

This letter represents the voiceless alveolar lateral fricative /?/, like the pronunciation of ⟨ll⟩ in the Welsh language.

Computing codes

Character information
Preview Ԓ ԓ
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1298 U+0512 1299 U+0513
UTF-8 212 146 D4 92 212 147 D4 93
Numeric character reference Ԓ Ԓ ԓ ԓ

Variant forms

Original form of the letter, 1980s, Soviet Schoolbook (Shkolnaya) typeface
Handwritten form
Two variants of the letter (Noto ? GNU FreeFont typefaces)
Two variants of the letter (typefaces in Windows)

The letter has two variant forms: the original one where the hook is like a small comma, and the other where the hook is notably protruded below the baseline.

See also


  1. ^ Burykin, A. A. (2000). ? ? ? [Research in phonetics of the North Russian Indigenous Languages and the Problems of Development of Their Writing Systems] (PDF). ? ? ? (Language and Speech Activity) (in Russian). . 3: 150-180. ISSN 1560-2974.
  2. ^ - ? ? ? . , 2005.
  3. ^ Koshkareva, N. B. (2013). ? ? ? ? ? ? [Topical issues of perfection of the Khanty script and orthography] (PDF). ? (in Russian). - ? ? ? (3 (14)): 60. ISSN 2220-4156.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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