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Egoism is an ethical theory that treats self-interest as the foundation of morality.
Latin word "ego" meaning "I".
The terms "egoism" and "egotism" may also refer to:
- Egotism, an excessive or exaggerated sense of self-importance
- Solipsism (sometimes called egoism), the belief that only one's self exists, or that only the experiences of one's self can be verified
- Egoist anarchism, a form of anarchism, as most often represented by Max Stirner
- Egocentrism, lack of emotional obligation to "put oneself in other peoples' shoes"
Philosophers who developed philosophical systems of egoism
- Altruism, the selfless concern for the welfare of others
- Cogito ergo sum
- Enlightened self-interest, a philosophy in ethics which states that persons who act to further the interests of others (or the interests of the group or groups to which they belong), ultimately serve their own self-interest.
- Individualism, a focus on the individual as opposed to society
- Individualist anarchism, anarchism that exalts the supremacy of the individual
- Machiavellianism (psychology), a tendency to deceive and manipulate others for personal gain
- Selfishness, denoting the precedence given in thought or deed to the self, i.e., self-interest or self concern
- Selfism, a pejorative term referring to any philosophy, doctrine, or tendency that upholds explicitly selfish principles as being desirable
- Suitheism, the belief in self as a deity