Ed King
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Ed King

Ed King
Lynyrd Skynyrd (1973).png
King (far right) with Lynyrd Skynyrd in 1973
Background information
Edward Calhoun King
Born(1949-09-14)September 14, 1949
Glendale, California, U.S.
DiedAugust 22, 2018(2018-08-22) (aged 68)
Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.
GenresSouthern rock, psychedelic rock
Musician, songwriter
InstrumentsGuitar, bass
1965-1996 (according to official website)
LabelsMCA
Lynyrd Skynyrd, Strawberry Alarm Clock, Hunger

Edward Calhoun King[1] (September 14, 1949 - August 22, 2018)[2] was an American musician. He was a guitarist for the psychedelic rock band Strawberry Alarm Clock and guitarist and bassist for the Southern rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd from 1972 to 1975 and again from 1987 to 1996.[3]

Strawberry Alarm Clock

King (third from left) with a reunited Strawberry Alarm Clock in 2007

King was born in the Los Angeles suburb of Glendale, California. He was one of the founding members of the LA-based Strawberry Alarm Clock, a mid-1960s pop psychedelic rock band.[4] The band's largest success was with the 1967 single "Incense and Peppermints", which reached No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100.[5] While with the band he played both electric guitar and bass guitar.[6] The band's popularity waned considerably in the early 1970s. Faced with the loss of their recording contract with Uni Records and with internal conflicts over musical direction, Strawberry Alarm Clock disbanded in early 1972. King opted to remain in the South, inspired by an up-and-coming band called Lynyrd Skynyrd.

Lynyrd Skynyrd

King met the members of what was to become the Jacksonville, Florida-based Southern rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd when an earlier incarnation of the band known as The One Percent opened for Strawberry Alarm Clock in early 1968. King was so enamoured with the band that he told vocalist and leader Ronnie Van Zant that if they ever needed his services, he'd be happy to join. It was not until 1972 when bassist Leon Wilkeson left the band that Van Zant took King up on his offer and asked him to join Skynyrd as the band's new bassist.[7]. Wilkeson soon regretted his decision and rejoined the band, and King switched to lead guitar, creating with Allen Collins and Gary Rossington the triple-guitar attack that became the band's signature sound.[5] The band referred to this unique new setup with King as the "Three Guitar Army".[8]

King's guitar playing and songwriting skills were an essential element of Lynyrd Skynyrd's first three albums: (Pronounced 'L?h-'nérd 'Skin-'nérd), Second Helping and Nuthin' Fancy. King co-wrote one of the band's most recognizable hits "Sweet Home Alabama", and his voice counted the "one, two, three", before he launched into his famous riff to start the song.[9] Other songs that King wrote or co-wrote for Lynyrd Skynyrd include "Poison Whiskey", "Saturday Night Special", "Whiskey Rock-a-Roller" and "Workin' for MCA".[5] Guitarist Rossington noted years later that King was the most business-minded member of Lynyrd Skynyrd, relating a story of how King would stock up on food items during stops on tour and then re-sell the items to his bandmates at a 300-400% markup when they later got hungry on the bus.[8]

Band biographer Mark Ribowsky wrote that King was an outsider in Lynyrd Skynyrd to some extent, as he was from Southern California and the only non-Southerner in the lineup, but that it was King who brought a level of professionalism to the fledgling band.[10] King detailed his initial exit from the band in the documentary If I Leave Here Tomorrow: A Film About Lynyrd Skynyrd, saying "Ronnie [Van Zant] and my guitar roadie who changed my strings were thrown in jail in Ann Arbor. They didn't arrive...until 10 minutes before we went on. I had to play on old strings and I broke two strings during 'Free Bird'. After, Ronnie was riding me, and a lightbulb went off and I said, "That's it." I went back to my room, packed up my stuff and left."[11] King referred to himself as a peaceful "Southern California hippie" and the band's predilection for drunken brawling never sat well with him; the incident which led to his departure was merely the final straw.[8]

King's departure in 1975 happened during a particularly difficult tour which the band dubbed the "Torture Tour", a tour which also claimed drummer and founding member Bob Burns weeks earlier due to a mental breakdown. The band continued with only two guitarists for a few months before discovering Steve Gaines in 1976. Gaines was killed in a plane crash along with his sister Cassie Gaines and Van Zant on October 20, 1977.[12]

King was one of the guitarists in the reunited Lynyrd Skynyrd in 1987, and played a major role. He was forced to leave the band again in 1996 because of congestive heart failure.[13]

King, along with all pre-crash members of Lynyrd Skynyrd, was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2006.[14] His guitar playing influenced many subsequent musicians, including Metallica bassist Cliff Burton.[15]

Personal life

In 2011, King underwent a successful heart transplant.[13] In 2017, he appeared as a customer in the Discovery Channel docudrama Moonshiners, buying US$30,000 worth of premium gin.[16]

In the documentary If I Leave Here Tomorrow: A Film About Lynyrd Skynyrd, band member Gary Rossington commented on King's business-minded nature while in the band. In the film, Rossington stated that King would "stop and buy US$100 worth of Slim Jims and have 'em in a briefcase and, driving an hour or two, you get hungry, he'd sell them to us and triple the price."[11]

According to a Nashville news station WTVF, King had been battling cancer in the months prior to his death.[4] King died in his Nashville, Tennessee, home on August 22, 2018 at 68 years of age.[17] His death was announced through his personal Facebook page.[11]

Founding and current Lynyrd Skynyrd member Gary Rossington released a statement after King's death stating, "Ed was our brother, and a great songwriter and guitar player. I know he will be reunited with the rest of the boys in Rock and Roll Heaven. Our thoughts and prayers are with his family."[18]

References

  1. ^ Michael, Paul (1980). The Great American Movie Book. Prentice-Hall. p. 162. ISBN 0133636631. "Saturday Night Special" by Ronnie Van Zant and Edward Calhoun King, sung by Lynyrd Skynyrd
  2. ^ "Former Lynyrd Skynyrd guitarist Ed King dead at 68". Eu.tennessean.com. Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ Eder, Bruce. "Biography: Ed King". AMG. Retrieved 2010.
  4. ^ a b Sblendorio, Peter. "Lynyrd Skynyrd guitarist Ed King dead at 68 - NY Daily News". nydailynews.com. Retrieved 2018.
  5. ^ a b c "Former Lynyrd Skynyrd guitarist Ed King dead at 68". The Tennessean. August 23, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ "Legendary Lynyrd Skynyrd guitarist, Rock Hall inductee Ed King Passes Away At 68". fox8.com. 2018-08-23. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Lynyrd Skynyrd guitarist Ed King dies". BBC News. August 23, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  8. ^ a b c If I Leave Here Tomorrow: A Film About Lynyrd Skynyrd, Passion Pictures, Directed by Stephen Kijak, 2018
  9. ^ "Former Lynyrd Skynyrd member Ed King dead at 68". Newsweek. August 23, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  10. ^ "Lynyrd Skynyrd biographer on Ronnie Van Zant's underappreciated talent, complicated relationship with Old Confederacy". AL.com. Retrieved 2018.
  11. ^ a b c Hudak, Joseph (2018-08-23). "Lynyrd Skynyrd Guitarist Ed King Dead at 68". Rolling Stone. Retrieved .
  12. ^ Runtagh, Jordan (October 20, 2017). "Remembering Lynyrd Skynyrd's Deadly 1977 Plane Crash". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2018.
  13. ^ a b Chamberlain, Chris (May 14, 2013). "Rock Legend Ed King Now Spends His Free Time Searching For Epic Meals". Food Republic. Retrieved 2016.
  14. ^ "R.I.P. Ed King, former guitarist of Lynyrd Skynyrd has died at 68". Consequence of Sound. August 23, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  15. ^ "For Metallica's James Hetfield, This Lynyrd Skynyrd Classic Hits Home Like No Other Song Can". Societyofrock.com. Retrieved 2018.
  16. ^ "Ed King dead: Lynyrd Skynyrd star Gary Rossington reveals 'shock' in tribute to guitarist". Daily Express. August 23, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  17. ^ Gaydos, Ryan (August 23, 2018). "Ed King, former guitarist for Lynyrd Skynyrd who co-wrote 'Sweet Home Alabama', dead at 68". Fox News. Retrieved 2018.
  18. ^ "Former Lynyrd Skynyrd guitarist and 'Sweet Home Alabama' co-writer Ed King dead at 68". The Montgomery Advertiser. Retrieved 2018.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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