Double Happiness (calligraphy)
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Double Happiness Calligraphy
Double happiness in a circular shape.[1]
Double happiness on a woven mat

Double Happiness (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: shu?ngx?) sometimes translated as Double Happy, is a Chinese traditional ornament design, commonly used as a decoration symbol of marriage. Outside of China, it is also used in the United States, Europe and Southeast Asia.

Old matchboxes with double happiness design

Characteristics

Double Happiness is a ligature, "?" composed of - two copies of the Chinese characters ? (About this soundx?) literally meaning joy, compressed to assume the square shape of a standard Chinese character (much as a real character may consist of two parts), and is pronounced as a polysyllabic Chinese character, being read as (shu?ngx?).

Typically the character "?" is written in Chinese calligraphy, and frequently appears on traditional decorative items, associated with marriage. Double happiness symbol also often found all over the wedding ceremony, as well as on gift items given to the bride and groom. The color of the character is usually red, occasionally black.

Since 2017, the version 10 of the Unicode Standard features a rounded version of the character in the "Enclosed Ideographic Supplement" block, at code point U+1F264 (ROUNDED SYMBOL FOR SHUANGXI).[2]

In popular culture

Nowadays shu?ngx? (alternative transcriptions, Shuang hsi) is used as a brand names for things like fashion, jewelry, cigarettes, matches, soy sauce, etc. It is also featured as decoration on many items by Chinese luxury brand Shanghai Tang.

Hong Kong lifestyle retail store G.O.D. designs many products themed with the double happiness symbol, including scented candles, accessories and Ming-inspired tableware and tea sets.[3][4]

Gallery

See also

  • Fu character (?), also a common good-luck decorative design boom panes
  • Lu character (?), a Chinese character symbolising prosperity
  • Shou character (?), a Chinese character symbolizing longevity

References

  1. ^ Afshar, Pournader, Shervin, Roozbeh (1 November 2014). "Six New Symbols from Chinese Folk Religion (revision 2)" (PDF). unicode.org. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ "The Unicode Standard, Version 10.0, Enclosed Ideographic Supplement" (PDF). unicode.org. The Unicode Consortium. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ Hong, Xinying (10 July 2012). "9 quirky finds at Goods of Desire". Her World Plus. Singapore Press Holdings. Retrieved 2012.
  4. ^ "G.O.D.: Tongue in cheek - Tongue-in-cheek designs inspired by Hong Kong culture". CNN Travel. 22 May 2009. Retrieved 2012.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Double_Happiness_(calligraphy)
 



 



 
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