Dorval
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Dorval
Dorval
Train station and Trudeau Airport in Dorval
Train station and Trudeau Airport in Dorval
Location on the Island of Montreal. (Outlined areas indicate demerged municipalities).
Location on the Island of Montreal.
(Outlined areas indicate demerged municipalities).
Dorval is located in Southern Quebec
Dorval
Dorval
Location in southern Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°27?N 73°45?W / 45.450°N 73.750°W / 45.450; -73.750Coordinates: 45°27?N 73°45?W / 45.450°N 73.750°W / 45.450; -73.750[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionMontréal
RCMNone
Founded1667
Village1892
Town1903
City1956
Merged into Dorval-L'Île-DorvalJanuary 1, 2002
ReconstitutedJanuary 1, 2006
Government
 o MayorEdgar Rouleau[2]
 o Federal ridingDorval--Lachine--LaSalle
 o Prov. ridingMarquette
Area
 o Total29.10 km2 (11.24 sq mi)
 o Land20.91 km2 (8.07 sq mi)
Population
(2016)
 o Total18,980
 o Density839.2/km2 (2,174/sq mi)
 o Pop 2011-2016
Increase 4.2%
 o Dwellings
8,392
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 o Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)514 and 438
Highways



Websitewww.ville.dorval.qc.ca

Dorval (French pronunciation: ​[dval]) is an on-island suburb on the island of Montreal in southwestern Quebec, Canada. In 2016, the Canadian Census indicated that the population increased by 4.2% to 18,980. Although the city has the largest surface area in the West Island, it is among the least densely populated. Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport constitutes about 60% of the city's land, forcing all of Dorval's population to be concentrated in the southern part of the city.

Dorval is the oldest city in the West Island, having been founded in 1667, and one of the oldest in Canada and North America.

History

The history of Dorval dates back more than 350 years to 1665 when Sulpician priests established a mission on the outskirts of Ville-Marie, a French settlement which later became known as Montreal. Dorval was originally named Gentilly. It was later renamed La Présentation-de-la-Vierge-Marie. In 1691, the domain of La Présentation, originally owned by Pierre Le Gardeur de Repentigny, was acquired by Jean-Baptiste Bouchard d'Orval. It was incorporated as a village in 1892, a town in 1903, and a city in 1956. (In French it was termed a cité, an old term used to translate the English legal term "city.")

Residential street in Dorval.

As with many other settlements on the island of Montreal, the Grand Trunk Railway, which came to Dorval in 1855, was highly instrumental in attracting many wealthier families, mostly English-speaking, in search of a summer refuge in proximity to their downtown residence and place of work. Access to Dorval from Montreal was also facilitated by the extension of streetcar service to Dorval's eastern city limits in the interwar period. After the Second World War many middle-class families migrated to Dorval from the city of Montreal and from other parts of Canada. This migration was made possible by the widening of highway 20 and by the large-scale construction of new dwellings. This new housing consisted mostly of single family homes with some townhouses and low-rise apartment buildings, built on lands previously used for agriculture and recreational activities. The post-war period also saw the construction of Dorval Gardens shopping centre in 1954, one of Greater Montreal's first mall-style shopping centres. Today the shopping centre remains the city's principal centre of retail trade.

The island named Dorval Island, settled in 1860 and located less than one kilometre offshore from Dorval, constitutes the separate city of L'Île-Dorval despite being a summer cottage community with only five permanent residents as of the Canada 2011 Census. The island is connected to the city of Dorval by a private ferry service.

On January 1, 2002, as part of the 2002-2006 municipal reorganization of Montreal, Dorval was merged into the city of Montreal, being combined with L'Île-Dorval to form the Dorval-L'Île-Dorval borough of Montreal. After a change of government and a 2004 referendum, Dorval was reconstituted as a city on January 1, 2006. Although Dorval had the legal status of cité prior to the merger, the reconstituted city has the status of ville (see Types of municipalities in Quebec). Nevertheless, the municipal government refers to itself as the "Cité de Dorval".

Demographics

Today, the population of Dorval is over 19,000.[7] According to the 2006 census there were 7,815 households in the city. 77.5% of residents had lived in Dorval for more than 5 years. The population density was 866.5/km².

The 2001 census counted about 1.21% of the population as Aboriginal as well as an additional 13.00% of the population who self-identified as having a visible minority status, which included 2.87% who self-identified as Black, 2.27% as Chinese, 1.98% as Filipino, 1.87% as South Asian, 1.32% as Korean, 1.00% as Arab, 0.69% as Latin American, 0.47% as Southeast Asian, and 0.20% as Japanese.[8]

A large Inuit population has also established itself in Dorval but this does not appear on official census data because most Inuit choose to associate themselves with their village or reside only part-time in Dorval.

English was mother tongue to 47.5% of Dorval residents according to the 2006 census (counting both single and multiple responses), compared to 47.1% in 2001 and 50.2% in 1996; while French was mother tongue to 32.1% of residents in 2006, compared to 36.9% in 2001 and 35.8% in 1996.[9]

Mother tongue language (2006 and 2011)[10][11]
Mother Tongue Population (2006) Percentage (2006) Population (2011) Percentage (2011)
English 8,085 45.22% 7,615 42.41%
French 5,400 30.20% 5,490 30.57%
Chinese 650 3.64% 470 2.62%
Italian 590 3.30% 510 2.84%
Spanish 315 1.76% 515 2.87%
Romanian 300 1.68% 235 1.31%
Arabic 295 1.65% 350 1.95%
Polish 205 1.15% 145 0.81%
Filipino 170 0.95% 200 1.11%
English and French 250 1.40% 390 2.17%
English and a non-official language 120 0.67% 190 1.06%
French and a non-official language 50 0.28% 145 0.81%
English, French and a non-official language 45 0.25% 75 0.42%

Government

Dorval City Hall

City council

The present mayor of Dorval is Edgar Rouleau. There are six city councilors.

  1. Cashina Brown (District 1)
  2. Michel Hébert (District 2)
  3. Robert Le Sage (District 3)
  4. Marc Doret (District 4)
  5. Christopher von Roretz (District 5)[12]
  6. Anthony Staulck (District 6)

Economy

Air Inuit and La Senza have their headquarters in Dorval.[13][14]Bombardier Inc. houses the headquarters of its Bombardier Aerospace division in Dorval.[15]

Previously Inter-Canadien had its headquarters in Dorval.[16]

Air Canada Centre, the headquarters of Air Canada, are located on the grounds of Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport and in Saint-Laurent, Montreal,[17][18] near Dorval.[19]

Education

The Commission scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys operates Francophone public schools.[20]

Schools include:

The Lester B. Pearson School Board (LBPSB) operates Anglophone public schools.

  • Dorval Elementary School,[21] formerly known as Courtland Park Elementary School until 2006.

Infrastructure

Aéroports de Montréal, the Greater Montreal airport authority, has its headquarters in Leigh-Capreol Place (French: place Leigh-Capreol) in Dorval.[22]

Trudeau Airport

Most of Montreal's principal airport, Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport (previously known as Dorval Airport), is in Dorval.[23] Originally a military airfield used mainly to refuel new fighters and bombers being flown to Great Britain during the Second World War, Trudeau Airport today serves over 18 million passengers annually.[24]

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ Reference number 388463 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ Rouleau, Edgar. "Message from the Mayor". City of Dorval official website. City of Dorval. Archived from the original on 14 December 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Dorval". Archived from the original on 2012-05-01. Retrieved .
  4. ^ Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: NOTRE-DAME-DE-GRÂCE--LACHINE (Quebec)[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Dorval, Quebec
  6. ^ "Profil sociodéographique: Ville de Dorval" (PDF) (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-06. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ Statistics Canada 2001 Census Community Profile
  9. ^ "Dorval". Detailed Mother Tongue (103), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 20 November 2007. Retrieved 2008.
  10. ^ Census Profile Dorval 2006
  11. ^ Census 2011 Dorval Profile
  12. ^ Christopher von Roretz wins the District 5 By-Election Archived 2015-05-25 at the Wayback Machine City of Dorval, accessed April 28, 2015
  13. ^ "Contact us Archived 2009-09-30 at the Wayback Machine." Air Inuit. Retrieved on October 8, 2009.
  14. ^ "Contact Us Archived 2013-03-13 at the Wayback Machine." La Senza. Retrieved on December 4, 2010. "La Senza Corporation Attn: Online Store Customer Service 1608, Boulevard St-Régis Dorval, Quebec, Canada H9P 1H6."
  15. ^ "Aerospace Directory." Bombardier Inc. Retrieved on December 4, 2010. "400 Côte-Vertu Road West Dorval, Québec Canada H4S 1Y9." Address in French: "400, chemin de la Côte-Vertu Ouest Dorval (Québec)."
  16. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 25-31 March 1998. p. 75. "795 Stuart Graham Boulevard North, Dorval, H4Y1E4, Quebec, Canada"
  17. ^ "Investors Contacts Archived 2016-02-04 at the Wayback Machine." Air Canada. Retrieved on December 4, 2010. "Air Canada Centre, 7373 Côte-Vertu Blvd. West Saint-Laurent, Quebec H4S 1Z3 ."
  18. ^ "ab11e5b4-ccb1-430e-9a7c-598d63c7480b.gif Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine." City of Montreal. Retrieved on December 4, 2010.
  19. ^ "FAQ's." Air Canada. Retrieved on December 4, 2010. "Our headquarters are located at 7373 Cote Vertu Ouest, Dorval, Quebec."
  20. ^ http://www.csmb.qc.ca/fr-CA/recherche-etablissement.aspx
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-11. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ "Contact us." Aéroports de Montréal. Retrieved on December 4, 2010. "Aéroports de Montréal 800 Leigh-Capreol Place Suite 1000 Dorval, Quebec H4Y 0A5." Address in French: "800, place Leigh-Capreol Bureau 1000 Dorval (Québec) H4Y 0A5."
  23. ^ "Detailed Map of Dorval Archived 2012-02-17 at the Wayback Machine." Dorval. Retrieved on November 4, 2010.
  24. ^ http://www.bonjourquebec.com/qc-en/tourist-services-directory/airport/montreal-pierre-elliott-trudeau-international-airport-yul_3144228.html

External links




  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Dorval
 



 



 
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