Dodecagram
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Dodecagram

A dodecagram is a star polygon that has 12 vertices. There is one regular form: {12/5}. A regular dodecagram has the same vertex arrangement as a regular dodecagon, which may be regarded as {12/1}.

The name "dodecagram" combines the numeral prefix dodeca- with the Greek suffix -gram. The -gram suffix derives from ? (gramm?s), which denotes a line.[1]

## Isogonal variations

A regular dodecagram can be seen as a quasitruncated hexagon, t{6/5}={12/5}. Other isogonal (vertex-transitive) variations with equally spaced vertices can be constructed with two edge lengths.

 t{6} t{6/5}={12/5}

## Dodecagrams as compounds

There are four regular dodecagram star figures: {12/2}=2{6}, {12/3}=3{4}, {12/4}=4{3}, and {12/6}=6{2}. The first is a compound of two hexagons, the second is a compound of three squares, the third is a compound of four triangles, and the fourth is a compound of six straight-sided digons. The last two can be considered compounds of two hexagrams and the last as three tetragrams.

 2{6} 3{4} 4{3} 6{2}

## Complete graph

Superimposing all the dodecagons and dodecagrams on each other - including the degenerate compound of six digons (line segments), {12/6} - produces the complete graph K12.

## Regular dodecagrams in polyhedra

Dodecagrams can also be incorporated into uniform polyhedra. Below are the three prismatic uniform polyhedra containing regular dodecagrams (there are no other dodecagram-containing uniform polyhedra).

Dodecagrams can also be incorporated into star tessellations of the Euclidean plane.

## References

1. ^ , Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
• Weisstein, Eric W. "Dodecagram". MathWorld.
• Grünbaum, B. and G.C. Shephard; Tilings and Patterns, New York: W. H. Freeman & Co., (1987), ISBN 0-7167-1193-1.
• Grünbaum, B.; Polyhedra with Hollow Faces, Proc of NATO-ASI Conference on Polytopes ... etc. (Toronto 1993), ed T. Bisztriczky et al., Kluwer Academic (1994) pp. 43-70.
• John H. Conway, Heidi Burgiel, Chaim Goodman-Strass, The Symmetries of Things 2008, ISBN 978-1-56881-220-5 (Chapter 26. pp. 404: Regular star-polytopes Dimension 2)