In the 13th century, the settlement marked a point where the borders of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, Tver, and Pereslavl-Zalessky converged. The settlement itself belonged to the princes of Galich-Mersky, located much to the north, until 1364, when it was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Moscow. Both Dmitry Donskoy and his grandson Vasily II granted Dmitrov as an appanage to their younger sons, so Dmitrov was the capital of a tiny principality. In 1374, it was given town rights.
The reign of Ivan III's son Yury Ivanovich (1503-1533) inaugurated the golden age of Dmitrov. It is during his reign that the black-domed Assumption Cathedral in the kremlin and a smaller monastery cathedral of Sts. Boris and Gleb were built. Thereafter, the town passed to Yury's brother, Andrey of Staritsa. In 1569, it was seized from Vladimir of Staritsa, added to the Oprichnina and consequently went into a decline. The town suffered further damage during the Time of Troubles, when it was ransacked by the Poles.
The Cathedral of Sts. Boris and Gleb
The Vvedenskaya Church dates from the 1760s
In 1812, Dmitrov was briefly occupied by the Grande Armée but in 1941 the Wehrmacht soldiers were stopped on the outskirts of the town. The Anarchist prince Peter Kropotkin spent his last years there. In the 1930s, the local kremlin was excavated by Soviet archaeologists.
^"? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
? ? ?. ? No123- 28 2010 ?. « ? - ? ? ?», ? . ? No252- 26 ? 2015 ?. «? ? ? - ? ? ?». : " ? ? ", No10, 30 ? 2010 ?. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #252-PG of June 26, 2015 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
? ?. No74/2005- 28 ? 2005 ?. «? ? ? ? ? ? ? », ? . No54/2013- 6 ? 2013 ?. «? ? ? ? "? ? ? ? ? ? ? "». ? ? ? ?. : "? ?. ", No44, 12 2005 ?. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #74/2005-OZ of February 28, 2005 On the Status and the Borders of Dmitrovsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #54/2013-OZ of November 11, 2011 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Dmitrovsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).