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Cyrillic letter Djerv
Cyrillic letter Djerv.svg
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
Non-Slavic letters
Archaic letters

Djerv (Majuscule, Minuscule ) is one of the Cyrillic alphabet letters that was used in Old Cyrillic. It was used in many early Serbo-Croatian monuments to represent the sounds /d?/ and /t?/ (modern ?/? and ?/?).[1] It exists in the Cyrillic Extended-B table as U+A648 and U+A649. It is the basis of the modern letters ? and ?; the former was in fact a direct revival of djerv and was considered the same letter.[1]

Djerv was also commonly used in Bosnian Cyrillic, where it was an officially used letter. When it was combined with the letters ? and ? it was represented for the sounds /?/ and /?/.

Spelling Reforms and forming of the letters ? and ?

The letter ? was formed in 1818 by Vuk Stefanovi? Karad?i? after several proposals of reforming Djerv by Lukijan Mu?icki and Gligorije Ger?i?.[2][3][1] However the letter ? (also based on djerv) was first used by Dositej Obradovi? in a direct reform of djerv.[4][5]

Computing codes

Character information
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 42568 U+A648 42569 U+A649
UTF-8 234 153 136 EA 99 88 234 153 137 EA 99 89
Numeric character reference Ꙉ Ꙉ ꙉ ꙉ


  1. ^ a b c Mareti?, Tomislav. Gramatika i stilistika hrvatskoga ili srpskoga knji?evnog jezika, p. 14-15. 1899.
  2. ^ Lalevi?, Miodrag S. (1953). Potsetnik iz srpskohrvatskog jezika i pravopisa: s pravopisnim i jezi?kim savetnikom. Rad. p. 75. ? ? ? ?
  3. ^ . . ?, 1971.
  4. ^ Mareti?, Tomislav. Gramatika i stilistika hrvatskoga ili srpskoga knji?evnog jezika. 1899.
  5. ^ George L Campbell and Christopher Moseley, The Routledge Handbook of Scripts and Alphabets, 2nd ed., Routledge, 2013, ISBN 1135222967, p. 85.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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