Australian House of Representatives Division
|Area||76 km2 (29.3 sq mi)|
At the 2016 federal election, the electorate covered 76 km², is centred on the Adelaide city centre and spanning from Grand Junction Road in the north to Cross Road in the south and from Portrush Road in the east to Marion and Holbrooks Road in the west, taking in suburbs including Ashford, Clarence Park, Enfield, Goodwood, Kent Town, Keswick, Kilburn, Mansfield Park, Maylands, Northgate, Norwood, Parkside, Prospect, Rose Park, St Peters, Toorak Gardens, Torrensville, Thebarton, Unley and Walkerville.
The division of Adelaide was one of seven single-member seats established when the seven-member statewide Division of South Australia was abolished following the inaugural 1901 election. For the first 40 years after Federation, it was one of the few Federation seats in the state that regularly changed hands between the Australian Labor Party and the conservative parties. Despite the bellwether-like swinging tendency, unusually the only time Adelaide was obtained by an incoming government was in 1931.
However, Labor held it for all but six years from 1943 to 1993, including a 23-year Labor hold during the Robert Menzies era. For most of the time from 1943 to 1987, it was a fairly safe Labor seat. Labor's hold on the seat loosened slightly in the late 1980s due to pro-Liberal demographic change; it was briefly lost to the Liberals at a 1988 by-election, but regained in 1990.
Very similar to the modern-day state-level electoral district of Adelaide, historically the federal-level Division of Adelaide covered only the Adelaide city centre and a few nearby inner north suburbs up to Regency Road in Prospect for most of its first century.
A pre-1993 boundary redistribution pushed the seat to the south, adding Liberal-friendly suburbs to the south of the Adelaide city centre for the first time while removing Labor suburbs in the north-east, resulting in Liberal Trish Worth holding the seat for eleven years, albeit on slender margins.
Kate Ellis regained Adelaide for Labor in 2004 on a 1.3 percent margin from a two percent two-party swing. Ellis has held the seat since, with the margin increasing to 8.5 percent in 2007, before falling to 7.7 percent in 2010 and to 4.0 percent in 2013, before increasing to 4.7 percent in 2016.
In 2016, the major party vote was suppressed in all eleven state seats in the presence of Nick Xenophon Team (NXT) candidates in all eleven South Australian seats. Though Labor picked up a two-party swing in all eleven, the NXT presence produced a result where Kingston ended up as the only South Australian seat to record an increase, however small, to the primary vote of a particular major party. Additionally, Adelaide was the only seat of the state's eleven where the Greens vote increased, while also producing both the highest Green vote and the lowest NXT vote in the state. This is in contrast to 2007 where the Xenophon Senate ticket polled higher in Adelaide than in most other seats.
Labor incumbent Kate Ellis announced in March 2017 that she would step down from the Labor shadow cabinet in the following months and would not re-contest her seat at the end of the parliamentary term. The 2018 South Australian federal redistribution saw the seat of Adelaide lose all of its inner-eastern suburbs and a couple of its southern suburbs, while gaining a long strip of western suburbs spanning the entire north-south length of the seat. These changes saw the Labor margin increase significantly from 4.7 percent to a notional 9.0 percent. In July 2018, Steve Georganas, the Labor member for neighbouring Hindmarsh, sought and won preselection for Adelaide at the 2019 election, yielding his former seat to fellow Labor MP Mark Butler, the member for abolished Port Adelaide.
|Protectionist||16 December 1903 -
11 May 1908
|Previously held the Division of South Australia. Died in office|
|Labor||13 June 1908 -
2 December 1913
|Previously held the South Australian House of Assembly seat of Gladstone. Served as minister under Fisher. Died in office|
|George Edwin Yates
|Labor||10 January 1914 -
13 December 1919
|Nationalist||13 December 1919 -
16 December 1922
|Previously held the South Australian House of Assembly seat of Adelaide. Lost seat|
|George Edwin Yates
|Labor||16 December 1922 -
19 December 1931
|United Australia||19 December 1931 -
21 August 1943
|Labor||21 August 1943 -
|Served as minister under Chifley. Retired|
|Independent||August 1957 -|
|Labor||June 1958 -|
14 October 1958
|Labor||22 November 1958 -
26 November 1966
|Liberal||26 November 1966 -
25 October 1969
|Labor||25 October 1969 -
31 December 1987
|Served as minister under Hawke. Resigned in order to become Australian Consul-General in New York|
|Liberal||6 February 1988 -
24 March 1990
|Labor||24 March 1990 -
13 March 1993
|Liberal||13 March 1993 -
9 October 2004
|Labor||9 October 2004 -
11 April 2019
|Served as minister under Rudd and Gillard. Retired|
|Labor||18 May 2019 -
|Previously held the Division of Hindmarsh. Incumbent|
|United Australia||Antonio Rea||3,479||3.25||+3.25|
|Animal Justice||Deanna Kangas||2,894||2.70||+1.23|
|Total formal votes||107,181||96.30||+0.18|