|National Research Centre for Groundnut|
Motto in English
|"Agrisearch with a human touch"|
|Established||1 Oct, 1979|
|Director||Dr. Radhakrishnan T|
|Affiliations||Indian Council of Agricultural Research|
ICAR - Directorate of Groundnut Research (ICAR-DGR) formerly known as National Research Centre for Groundnut is a premier national level institute set up by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Ministry of Agriculture of India to cater to the needs of agricultural science research in the field of groundnut (peanut) crop in India. ICAR-DGR was established in 1979 at Junagadh, Gujarat to give a fillip to research for enhancing productivity of groundnut in keeping with its importance among the oilseed crops of India. The research centre came into being as the first crop commodity research unit under the category of NRC's (National Research Centres) of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, as an autonomous body set up as a registered society. The National Research Centre on Groundnut (NRCG) was elevated to the level of a Directorate in the year 2009 and rechristened as the Directorate of Groundnut Research.
ICAR-DGR, the first crop based national research center in India under the ICAR, was established on 1 October 1979 at Junagadh on a leased land from Gujarat Agricultural University spread out over a land of about 18 ha. Later, the base of DGR was moved to 4 km away from the original site with the acquisition of additional 100 ha land from Junagadh Agricultural University, on 1 Oct 1991.
The institute is mandated to :
Conduct research for improving the crop production technologies to eventually enhance groundnut productivity from the current 1050 kg/ha to 1500 kg/ha for kharif (rainfed) and from 1500 kg/ha to 2000 kg/ha for rabi-summer (irrigated) by the year 2017 by developing remunerative, globally competitive and sustainable crop production and protection technologies for groundnut based cropping systems in different agro-ecological regions of India through a blend of basic and strategic multidisciplinary research.
The activities of the Institute is primarily handled by five divisions, each entrusted with specific tasks.
Crop Production division is involved in the research on improvement of production technologies of groundnut for which it focusses on the Development of sustainable packages of practices for groundnut based cropping system and management of existing and emerging problems of soil and water salinity for groundnut production.
Crop Protection division is engaged in the research of Integrated pest management in groundnut based production systems and prevention and management of mycotoxin contamination in groundnut.
Crop Protection division is major unit at the center engaged in the genetics, plant breeding and biotechnological interventions for improvement of the groundnut crop. Major programmes includes:
It maintains a groundnut Gene bank and a biotechnology laboratory specifically for this purpose.
The Basic Sciences Unit is engaged in the following activities:
The Basic Sciences Unit is the youngest unit of the centre. It caters to:
The ICAR had set up an All India Coordinated research Project on Oilseeds (AICORPO) in the year 1967 for coordinating research on various oil seed crops of India. Subsequently the groundnut crop was delineated from the AICORPO set up and was given an independent status as All India Coordinated Research Project on Groundnut (AICRP-G) during 1992 (beginning of VIII-Plan).
Besides in-house research projects, an umbrella research project 'All India Coordinated Research Project on Groundnut' or AICRPG in short, also operates from the NRCG (DGR), Junagadh. This project is funded by the funds which are allotted separately by the ICAR under the head 'Plan'. The AICRPG was originally located at Akola, from where it was shifted to NRCG (DGR), Junagadh in the year 1987.Under AICRPG, the country is divided into five zones keeping mainly the agroclimate of the region in view. The coordinated inter-disciplinary location specific research is being conducted in collaboration with theSAU's, several ICAR Institutes and KVK's. The Director with the help of principal investigators/scientists of the NRCG (DGR) coordinates the research programmes developed during the technical meetings of the AICRPG at the national level. At present there are five main and seventeen supporting centres under AICRPG.