Seal of the Forces Intelligence
|Jurisdiction||Commander in Chief|
|Headquarters||Dhaka Cantonment, Dhaka |
|Motto||Watch and Listen for the nation, To protect national security.|
|Parent agency||Bangladesh Armed Forces|
The Directorate General of Forces Intelligence (Bengali: ), commonly known as DGFI is the military intelligence section of the Bangladesh Armed Forces, tasked with collection, collation, and evaluation of strategic and topographic information, primarily through human intelligence (HUMINT). As one of the principal members of the Bangladesh intelligence community, the DGFI reports to the Director-General and is primarily focused on providing intelligence for the Prime Minister, the Cabinet of Bangladesh, and the Armed Forces of Bangladesh.
Formed in 1972 as Directorate of Forces Intelligence, was organised as the principal intelligence arm of the military specializing in gathering of foreign military intelligence. The agency experienced dramatic growth following reorganization in 1977, by the President of Bangladesh. The agency officially adopted its current name in the same year. The DGFI consists primarily of military officers from the three service branches of the Bangladesh Armed Forces (Army, Navy and Air Force). The stated priority mission of the DGFI is to provide timely, and accurate intelligence, and tactical support to Bangladesh Armed Forces commands. Many political analysts consider the DGFI as one of most influential institutions in Bangladesh.
The DGFI has increasingly expanded its role throughout the years, including foreign intelligence gathering, counter-intelligence, covert operations, counter-proliferation, signals intelligence, cyber intelligence, and anti-terrorism. The agency's elite counter-terrorism unit formed in 2006, CTIB, is responsible for gathering intelligence, infiltrating and neutralizing terrorist organizations that may pose a threat to national security.
To collect, collate, evaluate and disseminate all strategic and topographical intelligence about law and order situations and the Armed Forces. To ensure counterintelligence and security measures for Bangladesh Government and Bangladesh Armed Forces.
According to its fiscal 2014 budget, the DGFI's top priorities are:
The DGFI was originally formed as Directorate of Forces Intelligence (DFI) in 1972. A major impetus for the creation of the agency was to monitor unforeseen threats from neighboring and foreign armed forces, especially India and Pakistan. DFI was headquartered in Segunbagicha, Bailey Road, Dhaka. Upon its creation, the role of DFI was strictly limited to sharing intelligence it gathered with the armed forces. The nascent DFI achieved very little and was overshadowed by National Security Intelligence (NSI), Bangladesh's principal intelligence agency.
After the 1977 JAL flight 472 debacle, the subsequent coup attempt and uprising, a year long reorganization was initiated in 1977. An independent classified budget, formal training, officer selection more scrutinized, facilities improved, with umarked separate transport pool, the agency was rechristened as Directorate General of Forces Intelligence (DGFI). The agency was moved from the auspices of the Ministry of Defence to direct control of the head of government, then the office of the President, which led to a massive modification in the organizational structure of the agency, and the agency was upgraded and transformed from a defensive to an offensive Intelligence Unit. By 1978, DGFI was upgraded into a strong intelligence agency. According to analysts, the structure of DGFI closely resembled that of the Inter-Services Intelligence. In 1978 the Defense Attaché assignment was also inducted. After 1991 under the Office of the Prime Minister, DGFI's organizational structure was reformed. The agency has transformed into the primary Intelligence Agency in Bangladesh, alongside National Security Intelligence. The recruitment of DGFI staff is undertaken by the Armed Forces and the Director-General is appointed by the Prime Minister with recommendations from the Chief of Armed Forces. The DGFI was structured to be manned by officers from the three main military services, to specialise in the collection, analysis and assessment of Military intelligence. Over the years, DGFI's role has transformed to both military and non-military intelligence gathering and the agency is active in more than 45 countries worldwide.
In 2006, DGFI Headquarters was permanently relocated to a 14-story tower near the Rajanigantha Area inside the Dhaka Cantonment.
In May 2014, a New Monogram of the DGFI was unveiled at its Headquarter. The Lotus placed on the center of the monogram, The National Flower Lotus expressing the ethnicity of independent sovereign Bangladesh. The eight light emission around the lotus expressing Patriotism, Loyalty, Discipline, Concentration, Alertness, Prudence, and Efficiency of the activities of the agency. At the bottom "Bangladesh" there are two stars at each side and a total of four stars representing the four fundamental principles of the constitution of Bangladesh, Nationalism, Secularism, Socialism and Democracy.
|1||Brigadier general Abdur Rauf||1972 - 1975|
|2||Colonel Jamil Uddin Ahmad||1975 - 1975|
|3||Air vice-marshal Aminul Islam Khan||1975 - 1977|
- Martial Law Communication and Control Center
|4||Wing Commander M. Hamidullah Khan, TJ, SH, BP, (ZMLA)||1977-1978|
|5||Major general Mohabbat Jan Chowdhury||1979-1981|
|6||Maj. Gen. Latif||1987-1990|
|22||Major general Molla Fazle Akbar||2009-2011|
|23||Major general Sheikh Mamun Khaled||2011-2013|
|24||Major general Mohammad Akbar Hossain||2013-2017|
|25||Major general Mohammad Saiful Abedin||2017-2020|
|26||Major general Saiful Alam||2020-present|
Eight bureau and nineteen detachments make up the primary structure of the organisation. The total manpower for DGFI is estimated to be around 12,000. The Commanding post for DGFI is the DG followed by the DDG, Director, Senior Additional Director, Additional Director, Deputy Director and Assistant Director. Officers from armed forces posted here on deputation. Some civilion officer also works for DGFI recruited by Chief Administrative Officer, Ministry of Defence, Bangladesh.
Counter Terrorism and Intelligence Bureau (CTIB), is an elite counter terrorism intelligence unit of DGFI. The Bureau was established in 2006 from the counterterrorism wing of DGFI which was established in 2002. The bureau was established along with the Rapid Action Battalion (RAB), and the counter terrorism cell of National Security Intelligence (NSI). CTIB is responsible for collecting and analysing intelligence on internal threats and counterattacks. The unit is directed by Brigadier General S M Matiur Rahman. CTIB agents are recruited from the Armed Forces and are responsible for gathering intelligence and executing special operations.
The DGFI and its activities are highly classified and confidential to both the mass media and civilians. The functions and priorities of DGFI have changed throughout the years and vary with the country's political situations and foreign affairs. The primary function of the DGFI is the collection of foreign military intelligence, however during recent times, the agency has extended its role to economic, political and foreign intelligence. DGFI maintains active collaborations with very few other secret services around the world.
Military Experts have termed the subcontinent as a beehive of intelligence and counterintelligence activity and labelled the DGFI, ISI, CIA, FSB, R&AW, MSS, Mossad, and MI6 as the big players in the Asian intelligence Scene.
DGFI, like any other intelligence agency, collects information through human espionage. They have conducted numerous operations over the course of decades.