Dingir
Get Dingir essential facts below. View Videos or join the Dingir discussion. Add Dingir to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Dingir
The name of Simurrum king "Iddin-Sin" (, I-ti-n Sîn) with the "Dingir" initial silent honorofic ? for "Divine". The star symbol ?, which can also be pronounced "An", is used again, but phonetically, in the middle of the name, for the sound "n". Stele in the Sulaymaniyah Museum, Iraq.

Dingir (?, usually transliterated DI?IR,[1]Sumerian pronunciation: [ti?i?]) is a Sumerian word for "god." Its cuneiform sign is most commonly employed as the determinative for religious names and related concepts, in which case it is not pronounced and is conventionally transliterated as a superscript "D" as in e.g. DInanna.

The cuneiform sign by itself was originally an ideogram for the Sumerian word an ("sky" or "heaven");[2] its use was then extended to a logogram for the word di?ir ("god" or goddess)[3] and the supreme deity of the Sumerian pantheon An, and a phonogram for the syllable /an/. Akkadian took over all these uses and added to them a logographic reading for the native ilum and from that a syllabic reading of /il/. In Hittite orthography, the syllabic value of the sign was again only an.

The concept of "divinity" in Sumerian is closely associated with the heavens, as is evident from the fact that the cuneiform sign doubles as the ideogram for "sky", and that its original shape is the picture of a star. The original association of "divinity" is thus with "bright" or "shining" hierophanies in the sky.

Cuneiform sign

Sumerian

Middle Bronze Age form of the sign

The Sumerian sign DI?IR Cuneiform sumer dingir.svg originated as a star-shaped ideogram indicating a god in general, or the Sumerian god An, the supreme father of the gods. Dingir also meant sky or heaven in contrast with ki which meant earth. Its emesal pronunciation was dimer.

The plural of di?ir can be di?ir-di?ir, among others. Cuneiform sumer dingir.svgCuneiform sumer dingir.svg

Assyrian

Late Bronze Age to Iron Age form of the sign The Assyrian sign DI?IR could mean:

  • the Akkadian nominal stem il- meaning "god" or "goddess", derived acrophonically from the Semitic ?il-
  • the god Anum
  • the Akkadian word ?amû meaning "sky"
  • the syllables an and il
  • a preposition meaning "at" or "to"
  • a determinative indicating that the following word is the name of a god

According to one interpretation, DINGIR could also refer to a priest or priestess although there are other Akkadian words ?nu and ?ntu that are also translated priest and priestess. For example, nin-dingir (lady divine) meant a priestess who received foodstuffs at the temple of Enki in the city of Eridu.[4]

Digital encoding

The cuneiform sign is encoded in Unicode (as of version 5.0) under its name AN at U+1202D ?.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ By Assyriological convention, capitals identify a cuneiform sign used as a word, while the phonemic value of a sign in a given context is given in lower case.
  2. ^ Hayes, 2000
  3. ^ Edzard, 2003
  4. ^ Margaret Whitney Green, Eridu in Sumerian Literature, PhD dissertation, University of Chicago (1975), p. 224.

References

  • Edzard, Dietz Otto (2003). Sumerian Grammar. Handbook of Oriental Studies. 71. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature. ISBN 1-58983-252-3.
  • Hayes, John L. (2000). A Manual of Sumerian Grammar and Texts. Aids and Research Tools in Ancient Near Eastern Studies (Second revised ed.). Malibu: Undena Publications. ISBN 0-89003-508-1.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Dingir
 



 



 
Music Scenes