Diminished Octave
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Diminished Octave
Diminished octave on C About this sound Play .
diminished octave
Inverse Augmented unison
Other names Diminished eighth
Abbreviation d8[1]
Semitones 11
Interval class 1
Just interval 48:25, 256:135[2], 4096:2187
Equal temperament 1100[2]
24 equal temperament 1100
Just intonation 1129, 1108[2], 1086
Diminished octave on C-sharp About this sound Play .

In classical music from Western culture, a diminished octave (About this sound Play ) is an interval produced by narrowing a perfect octave by a chromatic semitone.[1] As such, the two notes are denoted by the same letter but have different accidentals. For instance, the interval from C4 to C5 is a perfect octave, twelve semitones wide, and both the intervals from C4 to C5, and from C4 to C5 are diminished octaves, spanning eleven semitones. Being diminished, it is considered a dissonant interval.[3]

The diminished octave is enharmonically equivalent to the major seventh.


  1. ^ a b Benward & Saker (2003). Music: In Theory and Practice, Vol. I, p.54. ISBN 978-0-07-294262-0. Specific example of an d8 not given but general example of perfect intervals described.
  2. ^ a b c Duffin, Ross W. (2008). How equal temperament ruined harmony : (and why you should care) (First published as a Norton paperback. ed.). New York: W. W. Norton. p. 163. ISBN 978-0-393-33420-3. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ Benward & Saker (2003), p.92.

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