Diagnosis of Exclusion
Get Diagnosis of Exclusion essential facts below. View Videos or join the Diagnosis of Exclusion discussion. Add Diagnosis of Exclusion to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Diagnosis of Exclusion

A diagnosis of exclusion or by exclusion (per exclusionem) is a diagnosis of a medical condition reached by a process of elimination, which may be necessary if presence cannot be established with complete confidence from history, examination or testing. Such elimination of other reasonable possibilities is a major component in performing a differential diagnosis.

Diagnosis by exclusion tends to occur where scientific knowledge is scarce, specifically where the means to verify a diagnosis by an objective method is absent. As a specific diagnosis cannot be confirmed, a fall back position is to exclude that group of known causes that may cause a similar clinical presentation.

The largest category of diagnosis by exclusion is seen among psychiatric disorders where the presence of physical or organic disease must be excluded as a prerequisite for making a functional diagnosis.


An example of such a diagnosis is "fever of unknown origin": to explain the cause of elevated temperature the most common causes of unexplained fever (infection, neoplasm, or collagen vascular disease) must be ruled out.

Other examples include:

See also


  1. ^ "Behcet Disease: Overview - eMedicine Dermatology". Retrieved .
  2. ^ Petruzzelli GJ, Hirsch BE (August 1991). "Bell's palsy. A diagnosis of exclusion". Postgraduate Medicine. 90 (2): 115-8, 121-2, 125-7. doi:10.1080/00325481.1991.11701011. PMID 1862038.
  3. ^ Freudenreich, O (December 2012). "Differential Diagnosis of Psychotic Symptoms: Medical "Mimics"". Psychiatric Times.
  4. ^ Kwan ES, Wolpert SM, Hedges TR, Laucella M (February 1988). "Tolosa-Hunt syndrome revisited: not necessarily a diagnosis of exclusion". AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology. 150 (2): 413-8. doi:10.2214/ajr.150.2.413. PMID 3257334.
  5. ^ Maltsman-Tseikhin A, Moricca P, Niv D (June 2007). "Burning mouth syndrome: will better understanding yield better management?". Pain Practice. 7 (2): 151-62. doi:10.1111/j.1533-2500.2007.00124.x. PMID 17559486. S2CID 4820793.
  6. ^ Prince, Jim McMorran, Damian Crowther, Stew McMorran, Steve Youngmin, Ian Wacogne, Jon Pleat, Clive. "primary polydipsia - General Practice Notebook". www.gpnotebook.co.uk. Retrieved .
  7. ^ Ferguson B, Gryfe D, Hsu W (December 2013). "Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis in a 13 year old female athlete: a case report". The Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association. 57 (4): 334-40. PMC 3845477. PMID 24302781.
  8. ^ Henningsen, Peter (March 2018). "Management of somatic symptom disorder". Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience. 20 (1): 23-31. ISSN 1294-8322. PMC 6016049. PMID 29946208.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes