Development Corporation
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Development Corporation

Development corporations or development firms are organisations established by governments in several countries for the purpose of urban development. They often are responsible for the development of new suburban areas or the redevelopment of existing ones.

Australia

In Australia development corporations are often responsible for the economic promotion and growth of areas considered to be under-performing economically. Such corporations include:

Denmark

India

Israel

South Africa

  • Coega Development Corporation
  • Eastern Cape Development Corporation
  • Free State Development Corporation

United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom development corporations are organisations set up in England and Wales by the UK government charged with the urban development of an area, outside the usual system of Town and Country Planning in the United Kingdom. Members are appointed by central government and hence they are considered QUANGOs.[]

New Town development corporations were set up for all the designated New Towns in the United Kingdom.[] Urban development corporations also existed, which dealt with regeneration in already built-up areas.[]

Urban development corporations in England and Wales

Name Area Timeframe Notes
Birmingham Heartlands 1992-1998 [1]
Black Country parts of Sandwell and Walsall, in West Midlands 1987-1998 [2]
Bristol parts of eastern Bristol 1989-1995 [3]
Cardiff Bay Cardiff docklands area, in City of Cardiff and Vale of Glamorgan 1987-2000 [4]
Central Manchester 180 ha of Manchester, near Trafford/Salford border 1988-1996 [5]
Leeds 540 ha of Leeds, along River Aire/Leeds and Liverpool Canal, and south of city centre 1988-1995 [6]
London Docklands London Docklands 1981-1998
London Thames Gateway Lower Lea Valley (parts of Hackney, Tower Hamlets, Newham and Waltham Forest)
London Riverside (southern part of Barking & Dagenham, Havering and Newham)
2004-2013
Merseyside Merseyside 1981-1998
Plymouth 67 ha of Plymouth docklands 1993-1998 [7]
Sheffield Lower Don Valley 1988-1997 [8]
Teesside large tracts of land on River Tees, some in Hartlepool 1987-1998 [9]
Thurrock Thames Gateway Thurrock 2003-2012 [10]
Trafford Park large area in Trafford and Salford along the Manchester Ship Canal 1987-1998 [11]
Tyne and Wear banks of the River Tyne and River Wear 1987-1998 [12]
West Northamptonshire Northamptonshire (parts of Northampton, Daventry and Towcester) 2006-2014

New town development corporations

Mayoral development corporations

The Localism Act 2011 permitted the Mayor of London to create mayoral development corporations in Greater London. The Cities and Local Government Devolution Act 2016 later permitted the creation of mayoral development corporations in combined authority areas.

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ "Honeysuckle Development Corporation. - People and organisations - Trove". trove.nla.gov.au. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Ward, David (18 January 2006). "Redesign hopes to revive Skelmerdale's fortunes". the Guardian.
  3. ^ The Hidden Stevenage ISBN 0 86332 667 6

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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