Demographics of Equatorial Guinea
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Demographics of Equatorial Guinea

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Equatorial Guinea, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Population

According to the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects[1][2] the total population was 1,308,975 in 2018, compared to only 226,000 in 1950. The proportion of children between the ages of 0 and 14 in 2010 was 39.2%, 57.9% was between 15 and 64 years of age, while 2.9% was 65 years or older .[3]

Total population Population aged 0-14 (%) Population aged 15-64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 226 000 34.2 60.1 5.6
1955 238 000 35.7 59.0 5.3
1960 252 000 37.0 57.9 5.0
1965 269 000 38.3 56.9 4.8
1970 291 000 38.7 56.7 4.6
1975 238 000 44.8 49.8 5.4
1980 221 000 43.7 50.3 6.0
1985 313 000 34.7 60.4 4.9
1990 374 000 37.7 57.8 4.5
1995 443 000 41.9 54.1 4.1
2000 520 000 42.6 53.8 3.7
2005 608 000 40.5 56.2 3.2
2010 700 000 39.2 57.9 2.9

Structure of the population (DHS 2011) (Males 9 043, Females 9 702 = 18 745) :

Age Group Male (%) Female (%) Total (%)
0-4 16,1 15,2 15,7
5-9 13,2 12,5 12,8
10-14 11,7 10,4 11,1
15-19 8,7 8,4 8,6
20-24 7,3 8,6 8,0
25-29 6,7 6,9 6,8
30-34 5,5 5,7 5,6
35-39 5,1 4,4 4,7
40-44 4,3 4,5 4,4
45-49 4,2 3,7 3,9
50-54 3,8 6,2 5,1
55-59 3,3 3,3 3,3
60-64 3,4 3,3 3,4
65-69 2,2 2,1 2,2
70-74 1,7 1,6 1,6
75-79 1,3 1,1 1,2
80+ 1,2 1,8 1,5
unknown 0,4 0,1 0,2
Age group Male (%) Female (%) Total (%)
0-14 41,0 38,1 39,6
15-64 52,2 55,2 53,7
65+ 6,4 6,6 6,5

Vital statistics

Registration of vital events is in Equatorial Guinea not complete. The Population Department of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. [3]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-1955 9 000 7 000 2 000 40.9 30.4 10.5 5.50 196
1955-1960 10 000 7 000 3 000 40.5 28.7 11.8 5.50 186
1960-1965 10 000 7 000 3 000 40.1 26.9 13.3 5.53 176
1965-1970 11 000 7 000 4 000 40.7 25.3 15.3 5.66 167
1970-1975 10 000 6 000 3 000 36.8 23.7 13.1 5.68 157
1975-1980 8 000 5 000 2 000 32.9 22.2 10.8 5.68 149
1980-1985 11 000 6 000 5 000 41.7 21.4 20.3 5.79 138
1985-1990 16 000 7 000 9 000 47.4 20.4 26.9 5.89 128
1990-1995 18 000 8 000 11 000 45.0 18.7 26.3 5.89 118
1995-2000 20 000 8 000 12 000 41.3 17.2 24.0 5.87 114
2000-2005 22 000 9 000 12 000 38.4 16.3 22.1 5.64 111
2005-2010 24 000 10 000 15 000 37.3 15.1 22.2 5.36 102
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Fertility and births

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[4]

Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)
2011 36,3 5,1 (4,4) 36,5 4,4 (3,8) 36,0 5,9 (5,1)

Fertility data as of 2011 (DHS Program):[4]

Region Total fertility rate Percentage of women age 15-49 currently pregnant Mean number of children ever born to women age 40-49
Insular 4.3 8.4 5.0
Continental 5.4 9.2 6.0

Life expectancy

Period Life expectancy in
Years[5]
1950-1955 34.48
1955-1960 Increase 35.99
1960-1965 Increase 37.49
1965-1970 Increase 38.99
1970-1975 Increase 40.50
1975-1980 Increase 42.04
1980-1985 Increase 45.54
1985-1990 Increase 47.21
1990-1995 Increase 49.35
1995-2000 Increase 51.75
2000-2005 Increase 53.57
2005-2010 Increase 54.93
2010-2015 Increase 56.84

Ethnic groups

Ethnic groups in Equatorial Guinea[6]
Fang
85.7%
Bubi
6.5%
Mdowe
3.6%
Annobon
1.6%
Other
1.4%
Bujeba
1.1%
Map of ethnic groups. 1. Fernandino (Malabo city and Luba)
2. Bubi (Bioko Island)
3. Igbo (far northwest)
4. Baka (Acot area)
5. Kwasio (Bujeba)
6. Benga (Playeros)
7. Gabonese (Cocobeach City)
8. Annobonese (mixed Portuguese, Angolan, Spanish)
9. Annobonese Creoles (Annobon Island)
10. Fang

Peoples considered as natives

The majority of the people of Equatorial Guinea are of Bantu origin. The largest ethnic group, the Fang, are indigenous to the mainland, but substantial migration to Bioko Island has resulted in Fang dominance over the earlier Bubi inhabitants. The Fang constitute 80% of the population and are themselves divided into 67 clans. Those in the northern part of Rio Muni speak Fang-Ntumu, while those in the south speak Fang-Okah; the two dialects are mutually unintelligible. The Bubi, who constitute 15% of the population, are indigenous to Bioko Island.

In addition, there are coastal ethnic groups, collectively referred to as Ndowe or "Playeros" ("Beach People" in Spanish): Combes, Bujebas, Balengues and Bengas on the mainland and small islands and a Fernandino community of Krio descended people on Bioko. Together, these groups compose 5% of the population.

Two small groups of Pygmies also inhabit the country, the Beyele and the Bokuign,[7] the former being located in the Altos de Nsork region.[8] Their population is dwindling, them being subjected to heavy pressure from their neighbours, who don't even consider them as human.[9]

Recently immigrated peoples

Some Europeans (largely of Spanish or Portuguese descent) - among them mixed with African ethnicity - also live in the nation. Most Spaniards left after independence. There is a growing number of foreigners from neighboring Cameroon, Nigeria, and Gabon. Equatorial Guinea received Asians and black Africans from other countries as workers on cocoa and coffee plantations.In the late 20th century, Equatorial Guinea became home to more than 80,000 Hispanics from Mexico, Central America, and other Spanish speaking nations in the Americas.Other black Africans came from Liberia, Angola, and Mozambique, and Asians are mostly Chinese with small numbers of Indians. Equatorial Guinea also allowed many fortune-seeking European settlers of other nationalities, including British, French and Germans. After independence, thousands of Equatorial Guineans went to Spain. Another 100,000 Equatorial Guineans went to Cameroon, Gabon, and Nigeria because of dictatorship of Francisco Macías Nguema. Some of its communities also live in Brazil, United States, Spain, Colombia, Mexico, Argentina, Peru, Portugal, and France.

Languages

Spanish, French and Portuguese are the official languages and spoken as second languages. Spanish is the language of education, and for this reason a majority of the population (about 88%) can speak it, though only about 10-15% have a high competence in the language.[10] Annobonese speak a Portuguese Creole, named Annobonese, as their first language. Asian migrants and descendants of Europeans settlers (mostly Spaniards, Britons and Portuguese) usually speak their ancestral languages along with Spanish. Non-Equatorial Africans usually speak their native languages and their nation's official languages - English and Igbo[11][12] for Nigerians; English for Cameroonians and Liberians; French for Cameroonians and Gabonese; and Portuguese for Angolans and Mozambicans. The latter was made an official language since July 13, 2007. 82% of first foreign language learners choose the French language and 18% the English language.[13] The Roman Catholic Church has greatly influenced both religion and education.

Languages of traditional names

Equatoguineans tend to have both a Spanish first name and an African first and last name. When written, the Spanish and African first names are followed by the father's first name (which becomes the principal surname) and the mother's first name. Thus people may have up to four names, with a different surname for each generation.

Other demographic statistics

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019.[14]

  • One birth every 12 minutes
  • One death every 40 minutes
  • One net migrant every 34 minutes
  • Net gain of one person every 11 minutes

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook.[15]

Population

797,457 (July 2018 est.)
note: 2002 census results claim 1,015,000 residents, although this most likely was inflated in anticipation for the December election.[16]

Age structure

Population pyramid of Equatorial Guinea in 2017
0-14 years: 39.46% (male 159,814 /female 154,860)
15-24 years: 19.8% (male 80,368 /female 77,515)
25-54 years: 32.34% (male 129,248 /female 128,664)
55-64 years: 4.46% (male 15,428 /female 20,176)
65 years and over: 3.94% (male 13,000 /female 18,384) (2018 est.)

Population growth rate

2.41% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 26th
2.703% (2010 est.)

Birth rate

31.7 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 31st

Death rate

7.6 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 102nd

Total fertility rate

4.29 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 27th

Median age

total: 19.9 years. Country comparison to the world: 193rd
male: 19.5 years
female: 20.4 years (2018 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

12.6% (2011)

Net migration rate

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.) Country comparison to the world: 81st

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 67.5 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 62.7 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 4.8 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 20.6 (2015 est.)

Urbanization

urban population: 72.1% of total population (2018)
rate of urbanization: 4.28% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Sex ratio


at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 65 years (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 183rd
male: 63.8 years (2018 est.)
female: 66.2 years (2018 est.)
total population: 61.61 years
male: 60.71 years
female: 62.54 years (2010 est.)

Religions

nominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)

total population: 95.3% (2015 est.)
male: 97.4% (2015 est.)
female: 93% (2015 est.)
total population: 87%
'male: 93.4%
female: 80.5% (2000 est.)

See also

References

  1. ^ ""World Population prospects - Population division"". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ ""Overall total population" - World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision" (xslx). population.un.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision". Esa.un.org. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Encuesta Demográfi ca y de Salud (EDSGE-I) 2011" (PDF). Dhsprogram.com. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". esa.un.org. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "Africa :: EQUATORIAL GUINEA". CIA The World Factbook. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-14. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ Monte Alén-Monts de Cristal Landscape: Ethnic groups. In: Observatoire des Fôrets de l'Afrique Centrale (2006). The Forests of the Congo Basin. The State of the Forest 2006, p. 117.
  9. ^ "La página solicitada no existe - Foros". Foroguineoecuatorian.mforos.com. Retrieved 2017.
  10. ^ Gloria Nistal Rosique: El caso del español en Guinea Ecuatorial (in Spanish)
  11. ^ "World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Equatorial Guinea : Overview". UNHCR. 20 May 2008. Retrieved .
  12. ^ Dickovick, James Tyler (2012). Africa 2012. Stryker Post. p. 180. ISBN 1-61048-882-2. Retrieved .
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Equatorial Guinea Population 2019", World Population Review
  15. ^ "The World FactBook - Djibouti", The World Factbook, July 12, 2018This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  16. ^ "Equatorial Guinea". State.gov. Retrieved 2017.

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2006 edition".


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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