The Lord Blencathra
|Opposition Chief Whip of the House of Commons|
18 September 2001 - 7 December 2005
|Leader||Iain Duncan Smith|
|Minister of State for Home Affairs|
27 May 1993 - 2 May 1997
|Minister of State for Environment and Countryside|
14 April 1992 - 27 May 1993
|Lord Commissioner of the Treasury|
27 July 1988 - 24 July 1989
|Member of Parliament|
for Penrith and The Border
29 July 1983 - 12 April 2010
|Born||16 May 1953|
|Alma mater||University of Aberdeen|
After unsuccessfully contesting Inverness, Nairn and Lochaber at the 1983 general election, he was elected to the House of Commons in a by-election seven weeks later, following the ennoblement of William Whitelaw.
In Margaret Thatcher's government, Maclean served as a government whip from 1987 to 1989, when he was appointed as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, retaining the position when John Major took over as Prime Minister in 1990.
After the 1992 general election, he was promoted to Minister of State at the Department of the Environment, and in 1993, he was moved to the post of Minister of State at the Home Office, a position he held until the Conservative Party's defeat at the 1997 general election. He turned down an offer to join the Cabinet, probably as Minister for Agriculture, in 1995, stating that he was 'a round peg in a round hole'.
Under William Hague's leadership in opposition, he returned to the backbenches until 2001, when the new leader Iain Duncan Smith promoted him to opposition Chief Whip. When Duncan Smith lost a vote of confidence in 2003, Maclean tendered his resignation but was reappointed to the position under new leader Michael Howard. He returned to the back benches when David Cameron was elected as leader in 2005.
During the 2005 general election and since, he has worked extensively with the pro hunting group Vote-OK, with the aim of returning a Conservative Government in order to have the Hunting Act 2004 repealed.
Maclean made the headlines in 2007, when he proposed a private members bill that would have exempted the Houses of Parliament from the Freedom of Information Act. The bill proved controversial, with the government unofficially supporting the bill.
Maclean said that "My bill is necessary to give an absolute guarantee that the correspondence of members of parliament, on behalf of our constituents and others, to a public authority remains confidential." The Bill was passed by the House of Commons on 18 May 2007, but has so far failed to find a sponsor in the House of Lords.
A report by the House of Lords Select Committee on the Constitution, published on 20 June 2007, said the Bill "does not meet the requirements of caution and proportionality in enacting legislation of constitutional importance."
In its report the Constitutional Affairs Committee in the Commons said "we have been sent no evidence indicating a need for such an exemption or that existing protections for constituents' correspondence were inadequate." Gordon Brown's green paper on constitutional reform, 'The Governance of Britain', says "It is right that Parliament should be covered by the Act", indicating that the Bill's main proposal will not become law.
Maclean was reported in The Daily Telegraph as having spent more than £20,000 improving his farmhouse under the Additional Costs Allowance (ACA) scheme before selling it for £750,000. He claimed the money by designating the property as his "second home" with the Commons authorities, yet Maclean did not pay capital gains tax on the sale because the taxman accepted it was his main home.
Maclean was one of 98 MPs who voted to keep their expense details secret.
On 28 February 2011, Maclean was created a life peer, as Baron Blencathra, of Penrith in the County of Cumbria, and he was introduced in the House of Lords on 10 March 2011, where he sits as a Conservative. In 2010, Maclean was played by Sam Graham, in the television film On Expenses. Four years later he was found to have breached the Code of Conduct of the Lords in his dealings with the government of the Cayman Islands.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament
for Penrith and The Border
| Minister of State for Home Affairs
| Opposition Chief Whip of the House of Commons
|Party political offices|
| Conservative Chief Whip of the House of Commons