Darlene Clark Hine
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Darlene Clark Hine

Darlene Clark Hine (born February 7, 1947) is an American author and professor. She is known for her expertise in the field of African-American history. She is a recipient of the National Humanities Medal.

Early life and education

Darlene Clark was born in Morley, Missouri, the oldest of four daughters of Levester Clark, a truck driver, and Lottie Mae Clark.[1] She married William C. Hine in 1970 and divorced in 1974. She married Johnny E. Brown in 1981 and divorced in 1986 and has one daughter, Robbie Davine.

Hine received her BA in 1968 from Roosevelt University, her MA from Kent State University in 1970 and her PhD in 1975 from the same institution.[2]

Career

From 1972 to 1974 Hine worked as an assistant professor of history and black studies at South Carolina State College, 1974-79 she worked as an assistant professor at Purdue University in Indiana, and 1979-85 an Associate professor.

From 1985 to 2004, Hine served as the John A. Hannah Professor of History at Michigan State University in East Lansing.[3] She helped to establish a new doctoral field in comparative African-American history, one of the first of its kind. She also helped edit a series on African-American history in the United Statesman Milestones in African American History.

In 2004, Darlene Clark Hine joined Northwestern University as the Board of Trustees Professor of African-American Studies and Professor of History. She retired from the university in 2017.

Culture of dissemblance

In 1989, in an article titled "Rape and the Inner Lives of Black Women in the Middle West: Preliminary Thoughts on the Culture of Dissemblance," Hine introduced the concept of a "culture of dissemblance." She defined dissemblance as "the behavior and attitudes of Black women that created the appearance of openness and disclosure but actually shielded the truth of their inner lives and selves from their oppressors."[4] The concept helped Hine identify why "African-American women developed a code of silence around intimate matters as a response to discursive and literal attacks on black sexuality."[5] It also diversified the list of reasons Black women might have migrated North, citing "sexual violence and abuse as [catalysts] for migration."[6]

Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham has written that the culture of dissemblance was especially relevant to Black women "of the middle class."[7] In the original article, Hine states that the most "institutionalized forms" of the culture of dissemblance exist in the creation of the National Association of the Colored Women's Clubs in 1896.[8]

Publications

Hine wrote three books about African-American women's history.[9] Her book Black Women in Whites was named Outstanding Book by the Gustavus Myers Center Of Study of Human Rights.[10] She edited a two-volume encyclopedia, Black Women in America. Her book A Shining Thread of Hope was favorably reviewed in the New York Times.[11]

Hines' papers are preserved in the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library at Duke University.[12]

Awards and accolades

Because of her expertise on the subject of race, class, and gender in American society,[13] Hine received the Otto Wirth Alumni Award for outstanding scholarship from Roosevelt University in 1988 and the Special achievement award from Kent State University Alumni Association in 1991. Hine was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Massachusetts in 1998, Amherst from Purdue University in 2002.[clarification needed]

In 2010 the Organization of American Historians presented the inaugural Darlene Clark Hine Award for best book in African American Women and Gender History.[14]

Hine was presented in 2013 with a National Humanities Medal by President Barack Obama, for her work on understanding the African-American experience.[15][16][17]

References

  1. ^ Jennifer Scanlon; Shaaron Cosner (1 January 1996). American Women Historians, 1700s-1990s: A Biographical Dictionary. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 112-. ISBN 978-0-313-29664-2.
  2. ^ "Eminent Historian and Scholar Darlene Clark Hine to Speak at FAMU". Archived from the original on 2014-08-19. Retrieved .
  3. ^ NU prof to be honored at White House | Evanston Now
  4. ^ Hine, Darlene Clark (Summer 1989). "Rape and the Inner Lives of Black Women in the Middle West: Preliminary Thoughts on the Culture of Dissemblance". Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society. 14 (4): 912. doi:10.1086/494552.
  5. ^ Mitchell, Michele (November 1999). "Silences Broken, Silences Kept: Gender and Sexuality in African-American History". Gender & History. 11 (3): 436.
  6. ^ Griffin, Farah Jasmine (1995). "Who Set You Flowin'?": The African-American Migration Narrative. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 45.
  7. ^ Higginbotham, Evelyn Brooks (Winter 1992). "African-American Women's History and the Metalanguage of Race". Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society. 17 (2): 266.
  8. ^ Hine, Darlene Clark (Summer 1989). "Rape and the Inner Lives of Black Women in the Middle West: Preliminary Thoughts on the Culture of Dissemblance". Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society. 14 (4): 917.
  9. ^ "A SHINING THREAD OF HOPE by Darlene Clark Hine, Kathleen Thompson", Kirkus Reviews.
  10. ^ "Author, Historian Darlene Clark Hine to Lecture at Hamilton", Hamilton College.
  11. ^ Bliven, Naomi. "Sisterhood Is Historical". New York Times, March 22, 1998.
  12. ^ "Guide to the Darlene Clark Hine Papers, circa 1879-1996 and undated, bulk 1950-1996", Collection Guides, Rubenstein Library.
  13. ^ Patricia D'Antonio (15 June 2004). Nursing History Review: Official Journal of the American Association for the History of Nursing. Springer Publishing Company. pp. 77-. ISBN 978-0-8261-1473-0.
  14. ^ "Darlene Clark Hine Award". Organization of American Historians. Retrieved 2017.
  15. ^ "Local Historian Receives National Humanities Medal", Chicago Tonight, WTTW.
  16. ^ "Obama to award National Humanities Medals to 3 historians", History news Network.
  17. ^ "Chapel Hill historian receives National Humanities Award", CharlotteObserver.com.

External links


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