|Country||Prussia (since 1871 part of Germany)|
|Province||West Prussia (till 1829 and after 1878)|
Province of Prussia (1829-1878)
The Danzig Region (Regierungsbezirk Danzig) was a government region, within the Prussian Provinces of West Prussia and of Prussia. The regional capital was Danzig (Gda?sk). Prussian government regions were no bodies of regional self-rule of the districts and cities comprised, but shear top-to-down government agencies to apply federal or state law and supervise local entities of self-rules, such as municipalities, rural and urban districts.
Polish westerly Royal Prussia was annexed by the easterly Kingdom of Prussia during the late 18th century Partitions of Poland, with the city of Danzig becoming part of the Prussian Kingdom in 1793. The territory was administered in the new province of West Prussia (1772-1829, 1878-1920) and the new Province of Prussia (1829-1878).
In 1815, after the Napoleonic Wars, West Prussia was divided into the Regions of Marienwerder and Danzig. While the governor and provincial authorities were based in Danzig, the provincial court was in the town of Marienwerder in West Prussia (Kwidzyn).
West Prussia was reorganised into districts (Kreise) within each government region from 1815-18. The Danzig Region included the urban districts (Stadtkreise) of Danzig and Elbing (Elbl?g) (since 1874), as well as the rural districts of Berent, Danzig-Land, Elbing-Land, Karthaus, Marienburg, Neustadt, and Preußisch Stargard.
In 1887 a number of districts changed in the Danzig Region. The rural district of Danzig was divided into the rural districts of Danziger Höhe (Danzig Heights) and Danziger Niederung (Danzig Lowlands); the seats of each district were in the city of Danzig. Two more new districts were formed, the southern parts of the former Danzig District became part of the new Dirschau. The northern areas of the Neustadt District were partitioned off to form the new Putzig.
As a result of World War I, the Treaty of Versailles allocated most of West Prussia to the Second Polish Republic, and the Danzig Region was dissolved in 1920. The city of Danzig and its environs became the Free City of Danzig. A few eastern areas of the Danzig Region remained in the Free State of Prussia in Weimar Germany, however. In 1920 the rural districts of Elbing and Marienburg in West Prussia as well as the city of Elbing were added to the truncated Marienwerder Region, which in 1922 was renamed as West Prussia Region for reason of tradition when it was transferred from the defunct Province of West Prussia to the Province of East Prussia.
Danzig formed an urban district from the beginning, Elbing reached that status in 1874 and was thus partitioned from Elbing Rural District, and several times enlarged on the expense of the surrounding rural district.
The period when a district formed part of the Danzig Region is indicated by the years before the district names.
|Kreis (district)||Polish Name||Population 1905||Polish, Kashubian||in Percent||German||in Percent|
|Danziger Höhe (highland)||Gda?sk||50,148||5,703||11.73||44,113||87.97|
|Preußisch Stargard||Starogard Gda?ski||62,465||44,809||71.73||17,425||27.90|
|Total for Danzig Region||709,312||192,327||27.11||511,423||72.10|
Each of the nineteen Regierungsbezirke featured a non-legislative governing body called a Regierungspräsidium or Bezirksregierung (district government) headed by a Regierungspräsident (district president), concerned mostly with administrative decisions on a local level for districts within its jurisdiction.